Whileincreasing global trade has accelerated regional integration movements, thesocial, economic, diplomatic and political interactions among countries haveincreased rapidly. Theories are tools that enable us to analyze internationalrelations and their power of explanation is not limitless. A theory that canexplain all international developments alone has not yet been developed. Inthis context, it seems to be the right way to use international relationstheories to explain certain phenomena, relations between certain actors, or aparticular period in the international system. Deserving academic merit as adistinctive, ultra-modern political entity, the European Union is constantlytrying to deepen and expand its level of integration to increase itsinternational presence and reputation in order to become a global actor(Wagner, 2006). Inthe traditional realist approach, international relations express only formalrelations between the supposedly sovereign and supposedly national states. Inthe Interdependent Approach, the international relations, internationalrelations, international organizations, multinational corporations and banks,local and international pressure groups, all official and non-officialrelations developed by Turkey to include cultural dimensions are expressed.Hence, Mutual Dependence is regarded as a multi-actor, pluralistic, pluralisticpolitical approach involving all official and non-official associations betweenStates and societies, in addition to the official official associations(Ba?ç?l, 2013).
Economicinterdependence reflects the average normal ground where states, state-ownedfirms or multinational energy companies try to secure their share in acompetitive market. Depending on economic strength and negotiating skillscompanies may win or lose in that competition. Apart from this, it is arguedhere, India is faced with another dilemma of interdependence which results fromthe close linkage between energy needs and security concerns. This becomes evidentwhen the main energy sources, i.e. coal, oil, gas, hydro and nuclear, areregarded in the context of EU’s security and foreign policy issues. Besidesthis, the search for energy brings new indirect security and foreign policyissues (Wagner, 2006). Inshort, the Mutual Dependence approach suggests that the weight of externalvariables in international politics is increasing, and there is a socializationin international relations in parallel (Ba?ç?l, 2013).
Accordingto the traditional Realist understanding, military security is the mainobjective of the states and it is so vital that it affects matters not directlyrelated to defense. Non-military issues have a ‘secondary’ prefix in thiscontext and are only considered in terms of their impact on political andsecurity affairs. For example, economic and financial strength or distress isassessed in terms of its impact on the position of a state to become a worldpower (Ba?ç?l, 2013). Liberaltheory argues that increasing economic interdependence lowers the probabilityof war because the high value placed on trade outweighs any gains that could bemade by war. Realist theories dismiss this argument and assert thatinterdependence has the opposite effect.
According to realist theory highinterdependence, meaning mutual dependence increases the probability of war.Realist theory contends that states operate in an anarchic system whereindividual states must constantly worry about their own security. (Waltz, 1979)In this anarchic system a high level of dependence is seen as vulnerability andgives states incentives to wage war to secure vital materials or to secure marketsfor their vital exports (Patterson, 2013). Thischange in the structure of industrial production leads to the development ofpolitical and diplomatic relations by emphasizing the relations between thedeveloped countries and the developing countries. The application area of ??theMutual Dependence approach, which is frequently used to explain the developmentof international trade and economic activities and the relations betweendeveloped countries, is expanding to include inter-country relations withdeveloped countries.
At this point, it is worthwhile to briefly summarize thesources of effective viewpoints that provide explanatory power to the MutualDependence approach. First, the Mutual Dependence Approach considers economicactivities as the main determinant of foreign policy and inter-countryrelations. Secondly, while developing economic relations intensify diplomaticand political relations, it diversifies agenda items and communicationchannels.
Thirdly, the development of diplomatic and political relations, whichstarted with the strengthening of economic relations over time, and thestrengthening of interstate relations have led to the search for cooperation indifferent policy areas. Fourth, the linkages between developing economic andpolitical relations encourage parties to maintain strong relationships byinfluencing rational policy calculations (Ba?ç?l, 2013). Conclusion Inrecent years, the European Union has increasingly emphasized renewable energyand encourages greater use of renewable energy sources in energy production.
Inthis way, it is planned to reduce the dependency on the outsiders in energyproduction and to struggle more effectively with global warming. It is alsoexpected that renewable energy will be an important economic sector in the nearfuture and that employment will make a significant contribution. It is clearthat the technological superiority of having this area will bring significantadvantages to the European Union (Kantörün, 2010). Asa result, it is argued that the intergovernmental interaction is increasing dayby day through the Mutual Dependence approach, technology and trade as anintellectual product diversification within the liberal international relationsconcept, and the diplomatic traffics are tightened for managing the increasinginteraction. Thus states are increasingly mutually dependent on each other. Itis emphasized that the importance of interstate cooperation and the use ofmilitary force are difficult, emphasizing that this would create great costsfor states if the mutual dependency can not be managed properly. Despiteweaknesses such as every theory, the international system and interstaterelations are still an effective and useful approach to reading.
The analysisof the game theory also demonstrates the validity of Interdependence, showingthat it has a role to play in explaining international relations. Renewableenergy is both a point of departure and a point of unity for the EuropeanUnion. Renewable energy, which will meet the interdepency at the same time.