While
no cure or totally effective medication has yet been created, there are a
number of memory loss medications with FDA approval and on the market at this
time. These medications can only help manage the symptoms and, in few cases,
slow down the rate of progression of the disease. (alzheimers.ie)  However, these medications can be unpopular
because of their unpleasant side effects which can be particularly tough on
older people with the disease. (National institute of aging,
2017)

Current medications on the market in the United States of America:

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now

 

Generic
name

Brand
name

Approved
for

Donepezil

Aricept

All stages

Galantamine

Razadyne

Mild to moderate

Revastigmine

Exelon

Mild to moderate

Memantine

Namenda

Moderate to severe

Donepezil + Memantine

Namzaric

Moderate to severe

(alz.org)

 

The
first three drugs on this list, Donepezil, Galantamine and Revastigmine are all
from a class of drugs which are called acetylcholinesterase
inhibitor.
Cholinesterase inhibitors are drugs that stop or impede enzymes from breaking
down acetylcholine when it is transported from one cell to another. This means
that the acetylcholine, which is in short supply in people with Alzheimer’s
disease, is not destroyed so quickly and there is more chance of it being
passed on to the next nerve cell. Cholinesterase inhibitors result in higher
concentrations of acetylcholine, leading to increased communication between
nerve cells, which in turn, may temporarily improve or stabilise the symptoms
of dementia. Some people who take cholinesterase inhibitors experience
side-effects. Side-effects from these drugs are most common when someone first
administers them but, fortunately, they often settle down with time. The most
likely side effects are diarrhoea, nausea, vomiting, muscle cramps, lowered
blood pressure, insomnia, fatigue and loss of appetite. Other reported side
effects include falls and dizziness. If the dose is increased gradually the
likelihood of side effects is lower. Caution is required in people with a history
of peptic ulcers, asthma, liver or kidney disease, or a very slow heart rate.
The type and rate of side effects vary depending on the drug prescribed and on
the individual response of the person. It is recommended that this issue be
discussed with your doctor.  (dementia
australia, 2006)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bibliography

alz.org. (n.d.). Medications
for memory loss. Retrieved from alz.org:
https://www.alz.org/alzheimers_disease_standard_prescriptions.asp
alzheimers.ie.
(n.d.). Treating dementia. Retrieved from alzheimers.ie:
https://www.alzheimer.ie/Living-with-dementia/I-have-Dementia/Treatments.aspx
dementia
australia. (2006). Drug treatments for Alzheimer’s disease. Retrieved
from https://www.dementia.org.au/files/helpsheets/Helpsheet-DementiaQandA01-CholinesteraseInhibitors_english.pdf
National
institute of aging. (2017, may 18). How is alzheimer’s disease treated.
Retrieved from nia.nih.gov:
https://www.nia.nih.gov/health/how-alzheimers-disease-treated
 

 

Picture references:

Fig.1 What are Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors. Retrieved
from https://peaknootropics.com/using-acetylcholinesterase-inhibitors-nootropics/

x

Hi!
I'm Erica!

Would you like to get a custom essay? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out