While reading Freud’s Civilization and Discontents I got to
read about Freuds, interpretations on human nature and his thoughts on
civilization, sex and aggression, guilt and other responses and his impact and
Subsequent views. Freud viewed the main checks on his human condition as a “war
of every man against every man”. He also, felt that humans needed strong
controls imposed from without by powerful ruler. Freud interpretation’s lead
him to believe that human potential for destructive aggression to lie within
and a tyrannical conscience imposing its burden to irrational guilt. In this
paper I will discuss Freuds interpretations, how it differs from what I
expected, and what my opinion on his interpretations.
Freud has many theories and assumptions on human nature one
of them were his thoughts on Civilization as a Control. He felt that civilization
was based on socialization of human instincts, and that it controlled realistic
dangers. Civilization was something Freud believed was caused by random destructiveness
of natural events, the feebleness from our bodies and maladjustment in relationships.
Freud felt that technology controlled the majority of our civilized communities,
it extended human sensory capacities through microscopes and telescopes,
technology controlled how fast people got from place to place at high speed by using
motorcycles, airplanes and any motorized vehicle. He felt society was being controlled
so much to where he gave his key points on why he felt through innovation,
individuals have turned into a kind of “prosthetic God.” Social
association likewise has advanced. The subjective will of the most grounded
individual, forced in primitive circumstances, ends up noticeably tempered by
the will of the lion’s share of an edified group. Magnificence, request, and
tidiness approach considerably higher measures in enlightened social orders.
Directions recommend how undertakings are to be expert with dreary accuracy.
Time ends up noticeably accessible for higher mental exercises, for example, philosophical
and religious concerns. Real advance in handling physical dangers to presence
These advantages have been bought, in any case, at a
significant cost in lessening the potential for human satisfaction. A
noteworthy assignment of socialized social association is that of controlling
human senses of sex and hostility keeping in mind that they show themselves in
murder, assault, and interbreeding. The very establishments of human
advancement lay on the concealment and redirection of such wants. These wants
are intense and determined. The undertaking of controlling and diverting them
is a troublesome and agonizing one.
Freud’s second theory in the book was his views on Sex and Aggression, he believed that