Was Imperialism approached just as a theoretical concept,would be defined as the mere policy of extending a country’s power andinfluence through diplomacy or military force. Albeit this assertion isunassailable, Imperialism does epitomise multifarious kaleidoscopic meaningsand implications that cannot be exemplified in a utopian definition.Imperialism should not be labelled as the pure outcome of territorialaspirations or military desiderata, therefore there are more consistentlysignificant and profound reasons behind it stringently correlated one toanother. The aim of this essay is to explore what the fundamental effects ofImperialism have been, how they have impacted the modern reality and how theyhave enhanced interconnectedness in today’s world. This paper craves toillustrate how heterogeneous forms of Imperialism have coexisted and howinterconnectedness is an actual product of imperialistic choices that oursociety witnessed in the few past decades. C In order to better comprehend how Imperialism developed and what were thecauses that made it boost, it is required to analyse some historical facts thatoccurred between the 19th and 20th century. With the eclipse of the OldImperialism – more widely addressed as colonialism – many European nationscommenced to seek new commercial routes with the Far East, seaports andlocations where trading with other states was possible, they explored the NewWorld and instituted establishments in North and South America as well as inSoutheast Asia.
They constructed merchandise sites and obtained support on thecoasts of China and Africa where they collaborated with the local power holdersto preserve the European economic interests. During the 70s of the 19th centurythe advent of the Age of New Imperialism obliged the Imperialistic countries touse a diverse approach in their expansionistic policies, this distinct methodmaterialised into a systematic military conquest of foreign territories thatdid know no limit. The burst of the Second Industrial Revolution boosts thealready-existing process of development created the possibility of makinginnovative discoveries in various fields: the scientific one (vaccines), thetechnological (internal combustion engine), industrial (improvements in steelproduction) making possible the improvements in the process of construction(railroad and shipbuilding). In 1914 with the ultimate desire of creating aconcrete propagandistic motto of what Imperialism had caused was coined theexpression “The Sun never sets on the British Empire” that would be theemblematic apothegm of the British Imperialism for the following years. Sincethen, Great Britain continued to represent the unrivalled governmentalinstitution able to enslave other peoples, nations and territories by virtue ofthe profoundly-rooted sentiment of expansionism and of the power that neverdeserted the hearts of Brits (Dr. Bronkhurst).
(DR. Bromberg, 137398: 314) Throughout the history, the world haswitnessed the development of three main types of Imperialism: EconomicImperialism, Political or Military Imperialism and Cultural Imperialism. Eachone does possess distinct targets and it is peculiar for its specificcharacteristics, they are all interconnected. The first form of Imperialism is – as yet mentioned – Economic Imperialism,which implies the actual willingness of a state to dominate and govern thepolitical arrangements of other nations for the sake of being able to profitfrom them financially. Great Britain manifested the desire of implementing thevolume of resources for its factories, which could be obtained at a lower priceby exploiting the presence of solid colonies in foreign nations in lieu ofpurchasing the identical supplies from other countries.
Great Britain employingits outstanding military capability created a massive empire that provided thewhole country with a broad control over various areas of the world (Cmkoren,2016 “What are some types of imperialism?” eNotes, 24 Mar. 2016, https://www.enotes.com/homework-help/what-some-types-imperialism-642036).The second form of Imperialism finds its bases in the Political – or Military -Imperialism. Political imperialism is defined as such when a state dominatesthe political system of other countries. By controlling the political system ofone specific nation is possible to govern the entire state. British colonieswere settled in North America and administered the colonies by hampering andinterfering in their political system.
British dominions were also rooted inother parts of the world and by dint of a personal jurisdiction of manifoldcommunities and areas, Great Britain could establish military bases throughoutthe entire world. These bases enabled the British military to preserve anddefend the lands they subjugated. (Cmkoren.
“What are some types ofimperialism?” eNotes, 24 Mar. 2016,https://www.enotes.com/homework-help/what-some-types-imperialism-642036) The third type of Imperialism is Cultural – or Social – Imperialism. CulturalImperialism can be elucidated as the actual act by another nation toproliferate what it is deemed to be a superior way of life. The imperialisticcountries appraise there is a need of a guidance in improving the medicalpractices of the people, and in evolving an educational apparatus, inillustrating people how to lead constructive lives in the places they arecontrolling.
Social Imperialism involves the spreading of a religion, oftenChristianity, through the endeavour of missionaries. Imperial power alsoentails the spreading of the language of the Imperialist country and of itsculture as means of colonisation of the peoples living in the specific regiondominated (Cmkoren. “What are some types of imperialism?” eNotes, 24Mar.
2016, https://www.enotes.com/homework-help/what-some-types-imperialism-642036).One between the most emblematic examples of the constrained acculturation of acolonized population was the influence Spaniards had in Latin America,commencing with the conquest of the Aztec empire by Hernán Cortés during thefirst years of 16th century. After rooting in the region, the Spanish culturesuppressed the Mesoamerican one, prohibiting the Indians to learn and transmittheir culture while simultaneously compelling them to imbibe and compose inSpanish and convert to Christianity. This behavioural constriction wasposolutely not unique to the Spanish; other cases of cultural depravity caninclude the influence of the Dutch in the East Indies, the British in India andthe French in Africa (https://www.
britannica.com/topic/cultural-imperialism).Whether the process of colonisation implied an economic, military or culturalnecessity, every time two diversified peoples entered in contact with eachother and initiated to reside in the same territory, a cultural contamination materialisedas the most predictable synopsis. Populations would use each other as ablueprint, undertaking to learn one from the other. They would trigger theexpansion of distinct customs and habits which attempted to coexistharmoniously and, when this scenario was not possible, the most dominant wouldimpose on the other one suffocating the profound roots of that specific societyand a millennium of bequeathing among ancestors: the atrocious result would bethe destruction of the cultural heritage ultimately. The process of annihilationof all the richness a single culture can have, encountered a state ofhomologation gradually. Citizens would act in the same way as the dominantrulers, would employ the same modi operandi they imported and would absorb thesame verbal expressions they owned – this is the fundamental explanation whyInterconnectedness is a surrogate of Imperialism.
Any manifestation ofImperialism requires to be contemplated as source for the proliferation ofInterconnectedness in today’s world. But how can Interconnectedness bedelineated and to what extent does it form part of our actual reality? A baffling interpretation of the word “Interconnectedness” could be – as OxfordDictionary reports “the state of being connected with each other”. Yet this definitionitself represents an overwhelming understanding: the self-realisation that weare a tiny part of the puzzle that constitutes our interdependent world, thefact that we are linked to each other in every way every day and that, albeitwe might not perceive it, there is a constant that repeats by itself at everydawn and every dusk. Rob Bell in ‘What We Talk about When We Talk about God’mentions “How we eat is connected to how we care for the planet, which isconnected to how we use our resources, which is connected to how many people inthe world go to bed hungry every night, which is connected to how food isdistributed, which is connected to the massive inequalities in our worldbetween those who have and those who don’t, which is connected to how ourjustice system treats people who use their power and position to make hundredsof millions of dollars while others struggle just to buy groceries, which isconnected to how we treat those who don’t have what we have, which is connectedto the sanctity and holiness and mystery of our human life and their human lifeand his little human life, which is why we hold up that baby’s hand and say tothe parents, ‘it’s just so small.” This assertion is incredibly revealing andopen-minding on the world in the way we apprehend our surrounding environment.The subtle sense that it implies consists of a mere but essentialcomprehension: the land we step on does not represent just our home and ourpeople, it portrays thousands of diverse and distant lands of homes and people,it does not only mirror our state and our childhood shelter but the wars andthe famine frustrations people had to experience, our culture and our rootsreflect the ones of the inhabitants populating half of this world, our heritageand our background manifest the mixture of culture that have contaminated eachother during the succession of the years mutually; in every city we live in, inevery building we create our personal business, in every neighbourhood weencounter traces of art, in every foreign eyes we stumble on streets, in everysecond of our life, we are unpredictably interconnected and interdependent oneof another. This interconnectedness permeates us all perpetually and does notmutate over time. To engage more profoundly with the concept of Interconnectedness is extremelynecessary that some cases related to this abstract intellection areillustrated.
The most significantly-relevant – in terms of future influence forour planet – is the withdrawal of the United States of America (or morespecifically, of the “Pseudo-President” of United States of America,Donald Trump) from the Paris Agreement. The United States represents the secondbiggest responsible of carbon-dioxide pollution in the world after China,conforming to the current statistics from the World Bank. The absurd decisionof United States transports sundry implications and consequences that impactthe whole world. The abjuration as a signatory of the Deal of Paris will causethe continuous production and emission of carbon-dioxide, methane, nitrousoxide and fluorinated gases (the principal causes of global pollution), thisconstant production will foster the alteration of the atmospheric compositionand foment the greenhouse effect that will enhance the decline of climate changeconsequently, which will affect omnifarious aspects of our reality (CNBC,2017). Future climate change projections are already occurring: trivial events servesas warnings of impending natural manifestations.
The augment of theconcentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere provokes oceans to absorb it,proliferating their acidification – ravaging marine life and coral reefs. Landsthat were once white with snow are now retreating to only the highest points ofthe world. Incidents of extreme weather are boosting, from flooding to tropicalcataclysms.
The threat of species extinction and the main mutations of theglobal landscape are the products of ecological issues. Pressure for furtherdemand is mounting on water and food sources, as ecosystems varies and globalpopulations progress to increase (Wired, 2017). Regional climatechange combined with globalwarming has induced Colombian coffeeproduction to decline since 2006 from 12 million 132-pound bags, which isconsidered the standard measure, to 9 million bags in 2010. Averagetemperatures have increased of 1 degree Celsius between the last years of the 20thcentury and first decade of the 21st century, with averageprecipitation increasing 25 percent in the past few years, disrupting the climaticrequirements of the Coffeaarabica bean (Wikipedia, 2017).