Usually
people pay attention on daily weather changes and how the weather will be
through the week or the month, but do we pay attention on climate change how it
affects our lives. Did we ask ourselves what are the causes
of climate change? How climate change impacts our activities? Can we do
something to solve this big issue before to turn to a big disaster?  These questions make me think deeply how we
work to solve this problem because the earth is the only place so far we can
live on it.  Climate change has become a
worldwide problem and this issue affects human lives, environment, social and
economic. The change in climate has serious impacts on our natural ecosystem
and as human we should face it before causing great catastrophe such as water
availability, agriculture, rising sea levels and health. Many
studies recognize that sign of change is increasing in average temperatures,
snow and rainfall, patterns are shifting, and extreme climate events are
becoming more common in our days. These changes are expected
to grow if we don’t solve the issues or the causes of climate change.

First
what is climate change? Climate change is an imbalance in typical climatic
conditions such as heat, wind patterns and precipitation that characterize
every region on earth. When
we talk about climate change at the global level, we mean changes in the
Earth’s climate in general. The
pace and magnitude of long-term global climate changes have enormous impacts on
natural ecosystems.

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Second,
what are the causes of climate change? Natural phenomena such
as volcanic eruptions or variations in the intensity of solar radiation are
probable causes. However;  The presence
of natural cover of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere keeps the planet warm
enough for life, as we know it, but the emission of greenhouse gases caused by
human made the cover thicker, so stores heat and leads to global warming.
Fossil fuels are the single largest source of man-made greenhouse gases. The
burning of coal, oil and natural gas releases billions of tons of carbon each
year, which would otherwise have been hidden in the ground, as well as large
amounts of methane and nitrous oxide. More carbon dioxide is released when
trees are cut down and no trees are planted. At the same time, large chunks of
livestock are emitted from methane, methane is also emitted from rice farms and
landfills, and nitrous oxide is produced from the use of fertilizers. Long-lived
gases such as CFCs, HFCs and PFCs used for air conditioning and refrigeration
are produced by industry and ultimately enter the atmosphere.  (The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate
Change).

Certain human
activities are today the first cause of this increase of the
phenomenon. The buildings and the exaggerated consumption of energy are
the main ones. In areas such as the Polar Regions, energy is used extensively
for home heating. Human Influences on Global Warming Human
influence has been a very serious issue now because human do not take care the
earth. Human activities include industrial production, burning fossil fuel,
mining, cattle rearing or deforestation.

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