UNGA Special Session: War on Drugs Topic 1: Gangs and Cartels **DEVI (Development, Economic impact, Viability, Innovation)**Sponsors: Sri Lanka, Benin, Namibia, New Caledonia, Dominican Republic, Mali, Bahamas, Poland, Canada, Netherlands, Bolivia,Signatories: Syria, Uzbekistan, Myanmar, Honduras, Qatar, Israel, Vietnam, Algeria, Bahrain, Spain Calls attention to the Brookings Institute report published in 2016 which stated “Spraying, however, has shown to be both ineffective and costly (directly and indirectly)” and “aerial spraying has a negative impact on the environment, causing deforestation, pollution of water sources, and harm to amphibian populationsEndorses the use of the already existing UN conventions against corruption and drug-crimes to create detailed anti-corruption remedy measures.Contemplating the overall relevance of narcotics and drugs in economies worldwide, Fully aware of developing world countries that do not have the infrastructure to fight “drug lords,”Recognizing that decriminalization doesn’t make any given drug a legal substanceEmphasizing that in 2001 Portugal decriminalized all drugs and deaths from contaminated needles and as a result, drug abuse has gone down, the rate of drug use among children in particular has cratered, and the revenue created by drugs has cratered (Mali & Namibia)Recognizing that treating a health problem as something that can be treated by strict punishment is a solution proven not to workRecognizing that decriminalization can not only help the people affected by drug addiction, but also decrease the demand, thus hurting funding to cartelsBearing in mind the international community’s growing dependency on narcotics in the developing world economy, Recognizing the need for the education of citizens to build out of their economic hole in developing countries,Reaffirming the belief that narcotics are a market product with a value based solely in demand,Stressing the need for more comprehensive and coordinated efforts in combating the legitimizing of illicit funds,Promoting better job alternatives and educating the general public to stay away from drug lords, cross-border cooperation will help in the elimination of drug-trafficking to migrate over.Declares the need for the expansion of current and the proliferation of new treaties establishing Mutual Legal Assistance for financial crimes linked to terror and narcotics traffic.
Recommends the adoption of specific financial laws in all willing nations that would; Require financial institutions to keep and submit records on their customers at the request of the government’s respective financial intelligence agencyCreate stringent requirements for the acquisition of non-profit designations from non-state entities.Require that foreign and domestic currencies be declared at their borders and recorded by the border securityCreate a legal definition of the funding of terror and agreeing to a global standardization of penalties for said crime;Recommends the creation of a digital database, run by the World Health Organization (WHO), called Certified People of the United Nations (CPUN);This database will include the information of individuals who have participated in the WHO sponsored certification program, and individuals who have received their CEAR. Delineations between individuals who simply participated in the program and received their certificate will be made Access to this database will be open to all countries, governments and organizations interested in contacting and possibly hiring CEAR certified individualsInitiates the creation of a certification program within the World Health Organization (WHO) that trains individuals to provide therapeutic relief and addiction counselingThese individuals will receive certificates called Certificates of Emotional and Addiction Relief (CEARs) to operate in foreign countries, either with previously established centers or with ERPsThese certification programs within the WHO will be held bi-yearly, and will allow for degree-seeking or degree-holding individuals to participate in the programAfter a certificate is granted to an individual, their contact information will be entered into the CPUN DatabaseRequests the implementation of Education Reform Programs (ERPs), within participating countries, in order to better educate the general public about illegal drugs and violent drug-related organizationsThese programs will focus on preventative measures (i.e.
increasing the general knowledge of how harmful drugs are, the risks of being arrested, etc.) and rehabilitation (i.e.
assisting individuals who have been addicted to drugs).Within the ERPs, there will be counseling and therapy opportunities for individuals who have experienced trauma. The staff from these programs will need to first receive a CEAR, granted by the WHO certification programDraws the attention of the UN to re-evaluate status of cannabis (as it is presently recognized as a toxic drug) in order to then prompt the global legalisation (or at least recognition of status) of the substance to ensure;Members States that decided to legalize the consumption of cannabis to use taxes aforementioned in health rehabilitation programsThose Members States to use profits for humanitarian aid, by helping those less developed countries facing drug related difficulties.Calls upon the international community to settle and come to an accord on mentioned maximum drug-sentencing, minimum substance needed for drug-prosecution as well as other potential guidelines such as;Perpetrators (found guilty or suspected of drug possession, production as well as any other drug-crime) should have treatment options available to them no matter the case.
Treatment options should be offered, if not imposed, to rid the people of addiction.Adopting a minimum required amount for legal drug-crime prosecution Any drug other than opiates should be anything over the ¾ of the lethal dose of the substance in question as this amount is reasonably harmful and suspect to be linked to bigger crimes (with the exception of marijuana as this drug is non-lethal).Any dispensaries should conform with federal laws in place. There should not be a minimum quantity of opiates necessary for possible legal pursuit.
Encourages Nations to prevent and respond to the adverse health consequences and risks associated with the use of new psychoactive substances,Promoting the negative effects of drugs on the health, using advertisement campaigns and other techniques to reduce the number of drug users, Provided through the resources of UNICEF and various educational organizations such as education without borders,Enhance access to effective and affordable treatment for the ones who suffered from the effects of drugs. Providing support for people to recover from dependence by having programs, similar to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)Encourages the creation of a program through which countries are incentivized to cooperate in anti-money laundering efforts composed of the following measures; Nations which agree to cooperate with stipulations will be granted aid from the UNCAC with the intention that it be used in funding its own UN affiliated Financial Intelligence OrganizationGranting this aid incrementally as a function of illicit asset seizures which are then authenticated through a report to the UNCAC Nations must agree to the submission of a detailed report subject to audit by FATF as a requirement for participation in the programThe name of this program will be TIMIC (Take It Make It Clean);Proposes the creation of a UN Region Based Convention on the reduction of narcotic demand that will include the coordination of addiction combat methods such as;standardized guidelines of prescription for known gateway drugs to opioids such as: Oxycodone, Vicodin, Percocet etc.Funding of programs aimed at delivering treatment to intravenous drug abusers. With a special recommendation that at least 50% of these programs respective budgets be designated for use in rural and impoverished areas.state-sponsored distribution points put in narcotics prevalent locations for approved opioid agonists and weaning agents such as methadoneSolicitation and support of NGO’s dedicated to establishing support groups for addicts such as NA (Narcotics Anonymous)Creating a common legal apparatus for reduced legal penalties on those prosecuted for drug possession (but not distribution) offenses with the condition that these individuals be given state-sponsored treatment in an in-patient center.Solicitation of NGO’s consisting of medical and mental health professionals such a Doctors Without Borders with the purpose of increasing the availability of psychotherapeutic services in rural areas, where many purchases of narcotics are taxed at the most basic level by non-state actors;Declares the need for rehabilitation units which will be composed of;Local volunteers from the specific country that will be redirected and trained to the purpose of educating the public,A training phase of four distinct sections,First phase includes basic theoretical and practical training where trainees are taught the basics of cargo inspection, risk analysis when dealing with people, searching technique, and overall necessary information,Second phase will include more specific topics such as environmental hazards, counterfeit goods, firearms, and more destructive weapons.
Third phase will include real world simulations including working at ports to detect high risk containers, and education about how to control the border and the substances that come though;Fourth phase is mentorship of the new inductees and thus creating a perpetual system that is independent of outside assistanceCreates a rehabilitation program for prisons, named SPORE, an acronym for Separate, Provide, Offer, Rehabilitation, and Education, this program would;Separate first time narcotic offenders so we can rehabilitate them before they fall into heavier drug usage, and isolate them in safe havens until approved release.Provide the rehabilitation for inmates who have connections to these underground organizations may cause these people to become a government informant that would provide insight unacquirable by other programs,establish incentive programs that could be set in place to encourage more addicts to participate in these programs, like shortened prison sentences.begin rehabilitation programs for criminals should be optional so that these programs will not be compromised by possible undesirable addicts,Incorporate education into the rehabilitation progress, to inform the participants of the damage and effects of the narcotic taken.Proposes the introduction of outreach missions (Run by region specific NGOs) into countries where the drug trade is embedded within the culture,Changing the point of view of drugs within the society,Treating the work as the introduction of information through an embassy,Educating and informing the local populace,Curriculum consists of:Consequences of drugs and abuse,Alternative options,Change the perception of drug lords,Inform civilians of the dangers of the drug trafficking,Starting within a small group and branching out,Integrating the educated populace into positions of power.
Advocates for the creation of a UN governed intelligence sharing, online apparatus in which intelligence regarding transnational shipment of drugs in specific hot spots will be shared, this online apparatus will include; The nation’s fitting into one of two categories, Nations who fit a pre-selected list of criteria regarding compliance in the international curtailment of narcotics traffic as determined by the UNODCNations who are situated along the major routes of traffic in the narcotics trade who have a significant investment in their personnel dedicated to seizing and impeding drug shipments a review of membership every five yearsFurther requests the assistance of the Analysts for the Destruction and Prevention of Drugs (ADAPOD) to oversee the global impact on drugs in specific areas, as well as to monitor the drug trafficking around the world;Drugs that have been seized have given insight on information that improves diagnostic and treatment policies over time This information can lead researchers to better innovation in regards methods for stopping drug addictionTracking drug transportation will be vital to infiltrating the drug cartels and preventing the further illegal trafficking of drugsA small group of selected individuals that collect information in order to further analyze the use, impact, transportation of narcotics, Each respective country will send a single representative to a conference that will be held once a month to discuss the progressTrends can unveil the true statistics of the consumption and trafficking of narcotics; for, the ADAPOD program will work alongside all other drug related programs and allow for extensive communication between nations across the globe Suggests more encompassing training programs of the police force and the careful selection of government officials in order to; Promote a better job industry so that citizens don’t have to resort to dealing with drug lords, and work on funding the industrialization of third world countries so that there are plenty of opportunities Make it so that the police are actively enforcing policy and responding to the call of citizens,Hire officers to enforce border control in third world countries where people exploit the little shipping controls to transit pseudoephedrine and other substances that can be used to create narcotic drugs.Calls upon NGO’s and developed nation states to send basic building materials and manpower to;Participate with the community in building schools,The schools should be placed so that in building infrastructure necessary for school houses are easily accessible to the people within their zonesThe schools should be a collaborative effort by the local governments and NGO’s, and should be built so that they are durable and appropriate for the locationsWhen the student signs up for the school they are responsible for getting themselves to and from the school Monday through Friday, at a time determined by the schoolsEncourages nations to offer subsidies for struggling small businesses in drug-ridden areas to stimulate local economic growthCalls for cooperation between the Non-governmental Organizations such as:ABC-123 and the UNODC in order to:help research the effects for Addictive Drugs and possible alternatives and lessen the Profits of dangerous drug organizationsSuggests Nation’s place emphasis on the importance of implementing the use of alternative drugs to Heroin and Opium such as: Kraton,MethadoneDihydrocodeineSuggests that nations modernize narcotics security checks of travelers before they enter a train station or airports in high risk regions by; Having trained drug sniffing dogs Improved training programs Advanced scanning technologyApproves the collaboration with the International Narcotics and Law Enforcement (INL) in improving law enforcement in corrupt countries in order to a) reduce the number of illegal drugs moving from country to country b) minimize the impact of international crime c) implement counternarcotic and counterterrorism programsSupports NGO Care Education in aiding affected countries that have been stricken by the war on drugs or by crisis through;helping adults suffering from HIV/AIDSWhich is spread by the use of heroinAnd do not have the proper resources to do so on their ownSuggests immediate initiation of moratorium for the use of aerial spraying campaigns against cultivated or uncultivated fields which are suspected to grow, house, produce, or engage in the exchange of potentially illicit drugs or substances defined by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime in the United Nations Convention on Psychotropic Substances of 1971 as “Substances presenting a high risk of abuse, posing a particularly serious threat to public health, which are of very little or no therapeutic value” specifically:The poppy plant, the cocoa plant, hemp or marijuana based substances, methamphetamines Those substances as defined by member states as an “illicit” or “illegal” “drug” or “substance”Encourages providing amnesty for those farmers who were forced by paramilitary groups or unlawful combat groups to engage in the production against their will include;Immunity from prosecution for the crimes of drug trafficking, drug production, withholding of information from authorities, failure to report a criminal record which will not reflect their association with;Paramilitary groupsillicit arms or drug tradersand drug cartels that have passed the extent of forced coercion of the farmer by the paramilitary groupRecommends that governments dedicate specific resources to Indigenous communities, that have a disproportionate effect from the war on drugs by European colonialism; and reaffirms the rights of indigenous populations to cultivate certain drugs that are tied to traditional, ceremonial, and medicinal practices Urges states to cooperate with security and defense forces in order to promote greater collaboration among states impacted by the drug war to most effectively combat,Drug trafficking trade routes employed by paramilitary groups or cartels which engage in the exchange of illicit substances or drugs, human trafficking, or arms traffickingCenters of illicit production of drugs which contains a higher than average concentration of grown or producedAreas where there are suspected drug traffickers or those who engage in the trafficking are localizedDraws Attention to furthering development and preventing excessive military intervention in the hopes that these nations may be able to support themselves through strengthening the justice system which will be effective in tackling organized crime in specific relation to the illicit drug tradeEnsuring that the states have a direct role and are contributing to border securityFocuses on building better capacity for border control and cross-security cooperation measures in order to target the illicit drug trade. Collaborates with local institutions, specifically non-profit organizations, to provide support to vocalizing the negative effects of drug use Encourages countries to decriminalize certain drugs, particularly cannabis, in order to; Bring out of the darkness the underground economy so that it can be regulated in order to protect everybodyDecrease stigmatization in order to allow addicts to get the help that they needUndercut the violence used by cartels, gangs, and other groups that use intimidation to further the drug tradeUndercut the profit margins which illegal syndicates, paramilitary groups, and drug cartels receiveEncourages countries to transfer funding from mass incarceration initiatives to rehabilitation programsEndorses UN subsidization to fund;Promoting the negative effects of drugs on the health, using advertisement campaigns and other techniques to reduce the number of drug usersConstruction of public assistance services installations and systems (shelters, stamps, financial aid and others) in said countries in order to reduce poverty and discourage corrupt actions,Construction and creation of charity funded educational institutions and services in order to encourage scolarisation as well as higher education level graduates which feed economy.All other mentioned campaigning efforts.Construction and creation of charity funded educational institutions and services in order to encourage scolarisation as well as higher education level graduates which feed economyAll other mentioned anti-corruption efforts