Under the leadership of Anwar Sadat, many people and places were impacted by his actions. The most obvious of these would be his very own nation of Egypt. Before the treaty with Israel, Egypt’s economy was in a terrible state.
In order to get his country motivated to make peace with Israel, Sadat oversold the treaty by telling his people that their economy would greatly improve with peace between their nation and Israel. However, the economy in no way improved after the treaty. If anything, inflation got worse and the normalization of the treaty between the two counties underwent very little progress. According to an interview with U.S. Ambassador Alfred Atherton,”One heard Egyptian criticism of Sadat, that the peace was not the comprehensive peace that he had promised, that his freeing up of the economy had benefited a small group of people who had gotten rich quick at the expense of everybody else” (Atherton 15).The people of Egypt had been promised by their leader a solution to the problem they had been plagued by for so long.
However, once that so-called “solution” arrived, they found that it wasn’t really a solution at all, but more problems that they had to deal with. The people felt disillusioned by their leader, which was why tension began to build in the Egyptian population. Through the compromise and peace Sadat tried to accomplish, more conflict rose up even amongst his own people, some of whom became so fed up with the turmoil he had put them through that they assassinated him.
In an interview thirty years after Sadat’s death, Aboud El Zomor, one of the men who helped to orchestrate the assassination, says that in killing Sadat, “the idea was just to change and provide an alternative leader who could save Egypt from a crisis of the political dead-end we lived in then. I intended complete change, not just the murder of Sadat” (Fahmy 13). In the making of the treaty, while all Sadat wanted want was to help his country and Israel, he overlooked many details which ended up creating more conflict amongst his own people, resulting in his eventual assassination. Along with the Egyptian people, the Israeli citizens were greatly impacted by the Accords as well. Their president, Menachem Begin, was willing to work just as hard as President Sadat to achieve peace between their two countries. He went so far as to freeze Israeli settlements in the West Bank, and to return the territory of Sinai back to Egypt in the treaty. Israel had in the past been repeatedly attack from Sinai, and giving up the territory was a far greater sacrifice than any that Egypt made in normalizing relations with Israel.
The country shipping routes, military bases, homes, roadways factories, and agricultural village because of the sacrifice; more than 7,000 Israelis were uprooted from their settlements, but most were willing to move for the cause of peace. They also agreed to end military rule in the West Bank in Gaza in order to work towards Palestinian autonomy. However, even with all these sacrifices on their part, after Sadat’s assassination, the peace agreement began to deteriorate. When Hosni Mubarak became president, he began to oppress all of Egypt under his regime, controlling the press and doing nothing to help Egyptians to turn in favor of supporting peace with Israel. According to an article in the Jewish Virtual Library, while Mubarak was an active participant in making peace with Israel, “more often than not he contributed to the hardening of Arab positions toward Israel” (Bard 12). When President Sadat began to start peace negotiations, he most likely did not plan for his attempt at a peaceful compromise to turn into even more conflict.
However, instead of a successful and happy relationship between the two nations, more tensions arose in the many years after Sadat’s death.