Thus, confrontingrealities can act as a catalyst for a moral awakening and subsequent discoveryof purpose.
In Act 4, through the distinctive masque, Prospero realises thathis powers are unable to change those unwilling to change just as his powersdid not prevent his usurp. Through song rhyme, sung by the god of harvest,Ceres “Vines and clustering bunches growing/plants with goodly burthenbowing/spring come to you at the farthest/in the very end of harvest.” Themasque functions as Prospero’s last act of omnipotence, soothing his innerconflict of relinquishing power through music and dance. The masque’sunexpected collapse “I forgot that foul conspiracy…against my life” foreshadowsthe imminent abjuration of his magic, and the rediscovery of his authenticself. Further on, Prospero questions his obsession with magic that had led tohis uncontrollable desire for vengeance.
In Act 5, Prospero’s calls upon Ariel, an airyspirit, who implies Prospero is less human than he is. Ironic dialogue is used”your affections would become tender/ dost thou think so, spirit? / mine would,sir, were I human,” prompting Prospero to morally introspect and takeresponsibility for his actions, forgiving those who have wronged him.Prospero’s confronting discovery is reiterated by the spirits lack of humanity –acting as a catalyst for questioning his own humility. Shakespeare illustratesa process of discovering that values reside outside the self and actualize inactions and experience.
Thus, Shakespeare invites us to experience, alongsideProspero, the need to discover the redemptive power of forgiveness in the faceof inhumanity. Therefore, the desire formeaning transcends the seeming irrationality of suffering in an otherwisemeaningless world. Frankl endured the camps conversing internally with his wife,and found a meaning to live in the love he had for her, distinctive motif oflove is used “my mind still clung to the image of my wife. I didn’t know if shewere still alive…love goes far beyond the physical person…. salvation isthrough love and in love” revealing Frankl’s love for his wife became thecatalyst of his discovery of meaning. Frankl’s discovery involves lettingoneself be the subject of love; only this allows transcendence, salvation andfulfilment. Moreover, Frankl saw the ultimate risk of losing personal valuesthrough the second physiological phase, apathy. Frankl changes to a distinctiveclinical form, writing his professional beliefs on human psychology.
Frankldismisses predetermined meaning through anaphoric reference “Man is not fullyconditioned but determines himself whether he gives in to conditions or standsup to them…man is ultimately self-determining” portraying that regardless ofour conditions, our attitude and actions are our choice, and each momentdemands a response. We are not determined by circumstance, we areself-determined. Frankl positions us to experience a catalytic discovery withhim that man is responsible for making choices in his life.