This book issincerely a mine of impressive notions and inspiring concepts, choosing justone is extremely difficult. However, the major fact that has deeply caught myattention from the entire book is how rapidly are we developing Superintelligent machines and consequently how could this technology shape ourfuture? So whatdoes the term “superintelligence” actually mean? According toBostrom, “we can tentatively define a superintelligence as any intellect thatgreatly exceeds the cognitive performance of humans in virtually all domains ofinterest or a system that can do all that a human intellect can do, but much faster”.That sounds pretty positive and genius, nevertheless, the speed atwhich the development of human-level artificial intelligence would lead to thedevelopment of ‘extreme’ superintelligence, so could this represent a potentialrisk/threat to human? Arguably, the biggest threat from artificial intelligence comes fromdeveloping engines that are better decision makers than we are.
Moreover, they caninterpret situations and make better calls than humans in those jobs. They some-how enhance our lives in countless ways. For instance, we use them to help us shop,translate and navigate, and soon they’ll drive our cars. However, it can alsocause harm and discrimination by using it out of context. As stated in the book “We would want the solution to the safety problem before somebody figuresout the solution to the AI problem.” Bostrom repeatedly emphasized the dangerof becoming slaves of automated decision makers. With thisin mind, it wouldn’t be surprising if in a few years, the military will beusing AI “killer robots” on the battlefield as researchinto autonomous robots and drones is richly funded today in many nations,including Germany. These creators couldpotentially make the “kill decision”, the decision to target and kill not only enemies, but also innocent peoplewithout a human in the loop.
This inspires me as I’m concerned withtrading some cryptocurrencies, we also need to look at the potential dangers associated with trusting AIto make stock trades. In fact, most AI operations react to specific incidentswith specific strategies, which can cause drops throughout the market in acascading effect. This is a reality and it already happened in the flash crash of 2010. On the other hand, technology has already taken atoll on Wall Street jobs. By 2025, AItechnologies will reduce employees in the capital markets worldwide by 230,000people. In this context, the authorclaimed in his book “When we are headed the wrong way, the last thing weneed is progress.” Similarly,all these facts remind me the interview with Microsoft founder Bill Gates when he warned that robotics and advancedalgorithms will likely eliminate many jobs.
In the sameway, Tesla and SpaceX CEO ElonMusk predicted about the dangers of AI,saying it could eventually escape our understanding and control. On thecontrary, some major figures have argued against the doomsday scenariose.g. Facebook Chief Executive Mark Zuckerberg said heis “really optimistic” about the future of AI. We can clearly infer that the purpose of the book is to raise people’sawareness, and trigger them to prevent that from happening. Theproblem is a research challenge worthy of the next generation’s bestmathematical talent and I personally think that, if we’re smart enough to build machine with super-human intelligence, we will not be stupidenough to give them infinite power to shape our future.