This assignment will present an in depth analysis of the ethical and professional concerns whether there is anything a surgeon can learn from a project Manager and to provide the medical fraternity with guidelines to deal with them. This work is mainly concerned with the dynamism of technology and whether they have some positive contribution in medical domain.

Project management is the process  of planning, organizing, controlling and managing scarce resources to drive work through completion as per the customers’ or sponsors’ specification. Surgery as a project shares a lot in common and is expected to use project management principles. Therefore a surgeon has more to learn from a project manager.

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Harvad School of public health ( 2015) states that project management has proved to be more reliable skill set given its capacity in controling expenditure, minimizing risk, and improving results.

Question 1.

The importance of project background, having a scope and the identification of key deliverables and constraints.

A project is defined as planned work with related activities to achieve an objective that starts from a point and must have an end. All projects are set for a reason(s), but projects may also be established simply to determine and define feasible alternative solutions to problems. Project in an establishment could be  collaboration of units, departments or sections to realize a well defined objective.

Ben et al.(2018) states that  background information defines work and direction in a particular way. This could be social, commercial, theoretical or historical nature and assists in provision of more details about a project.   When talking about background I mean historical developments relating to the subject in question including duration and complexities. Sufficient background information helps the reader determine if there is any basic understanding of the problem being addressed or investigated and promotes confidence in the overall quality of analysis and findings.

In this case it is important for the surgeon to know the history of the patient before the operation. He or she needs to know whether surgery is for the first time, the patient is how old and other related information to prepare him/she in terms of dosage for all the medicines and practices associated.

Sharing information is bridge that connects the reader to the subject in question. However, the depth and breadth  should be largely dependent upon how much information the surgeon will need to know.

As a student of project management, background information depends on the degree to which I need to demonstrate to my professor how much I understand what I have learned in project management and the depth of research I have done to master the module.

Presenting background information depends on the complexity of subject and/or the nature of work,  here  are some of the questions to be considered:

1.     Expound on the theories, terms, ideas and concepts which may not be clear to the person (surgeon).

2.     Explain past elements that must be put into context in order to provide guidance in understanding the present issue.

3.     Do we have some ambiguity in anything that can create challenges?      

4.     Could the work to be done different in a particular way to warrant more information like:

·        Using methodology for the first time;

·        Finding out a complex problem; or,

·        Relying on investigating and breaking down unique texts or documents, that may require going to archives for more details.

Scope means what we/ have to do in order to deliver as per the specifications and quality within the required time which is documented in a scope statement. However, it sometimes refers to either product scope or project scope.

According to the PMBOK(1996) states that scope is work that needs to be accomplished to deliver a product, service, or result with the specified features and functions.

It is against this background why we must be specific:

·   Product scope means the functions and features characterizing a product or a service.

·   Project scope means work to be completed in order to deliver a product according to the agreed scope. In our case we mean what the surgeon plus the team must accomplish to finish the operation. This starts from the patient’s preparation until normalcy is restored.

In defining scope there is need to identify the following objectives, Goals, Sub-phases, Tasks, Resources, Budge, and schedule.

In contextualizing scope statement there is need to consider the following:

1. Refer to the project plan and charter in consultation with stakeholders.

2. Gather all related requirements and do some assessment to get full details.

3. Verify the deliverables to ascertain that everything is as agreed.

4. It is important to keep an eye (monitor) on what is taking place if it is within the boundaries of what was agreed and put checks if need be or else redefine scope before it is too late. This is vital to avoid gaps and/or under delivery.

5. Ending the project (closing), this includes auditing all deliverables and physical assessment of what has been realized or actual (outcomes) with what was the original plan.

Summarily, Scope enables allocation of the agreed quantity and quality of work required to successfully deliver a project. 

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