This paper explores thedifferent stages involved in second language acquisition and its significancewith reference to Pakistani context. InPakistan English has achieved an official status therefore it is a secondlanguage of majority of the people whereas Chinese has the position of aforeign language in the country. Linguists have been studying and proposingdifferent theories on how children acquire their first language but their focusshifted to processes involved in second language acquisition when more thanhalf of world’s population became bilingual or multilingual. Only then linguistsbegan investigating the stages involved while learning a non-native language.
The purpose was to come up with teaching methodologies that will assist thelearners in acquiring their second languages effectively and efficiently. SLAhas emerged as a sub discipline of applied linguistics and receives attentionfrom various other disciplines including psychology and education. SLA isdefined as a process by which people learn a second language.
This processincludes different stages and can be affected by different factors includingage, aptitude, even the first language of the speaker. Pakistan is a countrywith multilingual speakers. Their first or native languages include Urdu,Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashto, Siraiki depending on the geographical regions wherethey are born whereas English has the official status since the time of Britishrule in sub-continent. It is the language of law, military, media, business andenterprise. English is being taught as a subject to students from primary leveltherefore majority of the people learn English as their second language.
I,hailing from Punjab learnt English as my second language and Urdu as my firstlanguage. Despite learning English from primary level I failed to become aproficient English speaker whereas I can read and write fairly well in English.Now being a student of Linguists and an aspiring language teacher I find it significantenough to have a deep understanding of the stages a learner goes through whilelearning L2 so that a language teacher may design his syllabus and teachingmethodologies accordingly which promotes effective learning.