This assignment will justify and discuss anew annual performance plan for the upcoming year. The performance plan(Appendix 1), is for a student athlete throughout the football season. With theperformance plan expecting to improve the athlete, all sessions such astechnical/tactical, gym, conditioning and reflection are all included. This isall highlighted during pre-season, main season and off-season. With the assignment focusing on reflection,the performance plan clearly shows the athlete will have up to two reflectivesession per week. The first being video analyses, with the second being a reviewof performance with the coach from training and competition to allow theathlete to set goals for the for the near future.
In pre-season, the focus ison preparing the athlete to peak at the start of the upcoming season. This isshown in appendix 2, as the amount of sessions throughout the weeks can beincreased. During this period, the intensity of training and conditioningsession is also increased.
This is done to ensure the athlete is in optimumfitness for the season ahead and it also reduces the risk of injury through theseason. However, this is different in the main season as the focus is on maintainingfitness and improving performances are important. While training physiological aspects likeaerobic and anaerobic endurance during the main season it is also vital thatthe athlete trains demands related to other domains within the sport with a substantialfocus towards technical and tactical sessions (Baker, 1998). The is only one session during the off-seasonin the performance plan. This reflective session would be by video analyses,that highlight their season performances. The useof reflective practice to training and competition can certainly benefit theathlete and help improve their performances. Reflective practice is described byZimmerman (2000) as an athlete’s ability to learn from their earlierexperiences to back and improve more effectively in the future with a goaldirecting manner. Many other studies support Zimmerman (2000) by emphasisingthe importance of reflection for the future development of an athlete’sperformance (Toering et al.
, 2009). However, other authors such as Cropley etal., (2012) have found it problematic labelling a single definition due to thenature of reflection.
Research fromJonker et.al (2012) suggests that highly reflective elite youth athletes willbe more likely improve sport specific performance skills quicker and performbetter at an older age. This is also support by Elferink-Gemser et.al. (2011),who implied that this will develop an athlete’s chances of completing at seniorinternational level. This show using reflective session within a performanceplan can have a huge effect and enhancement on an athlete’s future. Reflectivepractice also allows athletes to make more educated decisions when performer,which is imperative in sports that involve quick thinking and problem solving(Lyle, 2002).
Reflective practice therefore, should be central to thedevelopment of football players as being able to make fast decisions and thinkquickly are important to reach and maintain elite levels of performance. Reflectionsessions such as video analysis, are commonly used within modern sports, havinga huge effect for both individual and team sports. Video analysis is extremely beneficialfor recognising and improving problems with an athlete’s technique and alsohelps to find trends and patterns that can adjusted to help improve performance(Cassidy et al, 2006).
For the athlete watching back on matches over and overagain, this will help identify the areas they need to improve. Once this hasbeen completed, the athlete’s performance can be adapted and improved uponduring training. This evidence supportshaving video analysis sessions in the performance plan, as weaknesses will behighlighted. Improvement need technically and tactically will be seen, which willhelp remove error individually and for the team’s performance. Secondly,reflective practice session with a coach will also have an impact for athletein the future. Coaches with a good understanding of the sport and alsosupportive towards athletes will ensure that effective reflection is takingplace.
These session with a coach are very beneficial as athletes have greatrespect for their coaches and see them as role models. There are many methods that can affect anathlete, with some athletes finding one method for useful than others. This isperfect for individual sports, nevertheless, in team sports such as football,it is imperative to accommodate to the needs of all athletes and what may workwell for one, may not be as successful for other athletes. (Hodges and Franks,2003). These sessions are used midway through a competitive season or mainly atthe end of a semester during a University season as shown in appendix 1. The performance plan incorporates time forthe athlete to use Gibbs theory (1988) of reflective practice to recap uponperformance. The theory relates to the review sessions the athlete will haveduring the season with the coach to analyse and reflect upon theirperformance.
Though using the Gibbs(1988) cycle I reflected on last year’s performance with more attention to mytraining load. This can be monitored by my Acute Chronic Work Load (ACWR). Dividing the Acute and Chronic score willresult for an optimal training for the athlete which should be between 0.
8 and1.3 (Hulin et al., 2015). This shows to be true to my graph which is shown inappendix 4. A study from (Blanchand Gabbett, 2015) also suggests this as acute chronic workload ratios whichare above 1.5 are associated with a larger risk of match injury than loweracute chronic workload ratios. Overall, thisassignment has discussed and justified a new annual performance plan for theupcoming year.
The performance plan was produced for a student athletethroughout the football season. The new performanceplan offers an effective, accurate training and competitive schedule for theathlete to follow throughout the coming season. This is a plan that willbenefit the athlete throughout the whole year in order to improve their generalperformance.