These days, it is very easy to meet the term “domesticviolence” in means of media. Children Welfare Information Gateway (2014) hasasserted that domestic violence is expressed in many actions of a person suchas physical, sexual, emotional, economic or psychological actions that affecthis or her partner in relationship like marriage, dating or family. In fact, Bagshaw& Chung (2000, as cited in Department for Child Proctection, 2012) state thatmost of those causing domestic violence are men (90 per cent) and around 95 percent of those suffering torture are women. There has been a number of surveysin Australian (Indermaur, 2001, as cited in Department of Child Protection,2012) show that one in four children grow up seeing their mother be brutalizedby their father. Alokan (2013) cited This Day newspaper (2011) as finding thatin Nigeria, shockingly, women who are educated must encounter this horriblesituation more than those who have low income, with 65 per cent and 55 per centrespectively. It is quite clear to recognize that domestic violence has beenbecoming a worldwide issue.
Therefore, this research paper, with the purpose ofenhancing reader’s knowledge about domestic violence, examines the adverseeffects and comprehensive solutions of this phenomenon. 1. Discussion of findings1.1. The concept of domestic violenceIn fact, there are a number of researchers who havestated their opinions and defined the concept of domestic violence in many ways.
“Family and domesticviolence is a gendered crime” (Department of Child Protection, 2012, p.2). In general, domesticviolence can be described as an action of using power by a person to frightenand take control another in a relationship through violence or other types ofabuse (Kaur & Garg, 2008). This issue contains many performances thatintimate, humiliate, frighten, threaten, hurt or wound somebody (ChildrenWelfare Information Gateway, 2014).
This means that abusers can take over theirsufferers and get their way simply by using physical and sexual force,emotional insults, menace and economic deprivation (Susan, 2005, as cited inKaur & Garg, 2008).1.2. Reality of domestic violenceIt can be clearly seen that domestic violence has beenexploding all over the world up to now. Bagshaw & Chung (2000, as cited inDepartment for Child Proctection, 2012) state that almost all the victims ofdomestic violence, 95%, are female, and the proportion of men who result indomestic violence is also in an overwhelming majority (90%).
There has been anumber of surveys in Australian (Indermaur, 2001, as cited in Department ofChild Protection, 2012) show that one in four children grow up seeing theirmother be brutalized by their father. A survey of 3,856 adults throughoutNorthern Ireland also expresses that the percentage of women suffered familyviolence is nearly twice as much as men, at 18% and 10% in turn (Carmichael,2008, as cited in Devaney, 2015). Moreover, it is exposed that 19,000 NorthernIreland children frequenly encounter domestic violence at home. Move to anothercountry in Asia, India, many studies in this country express that around 76% offemale is reported to be physically assaulted, 22% of physically assaultedwomen is at childbearing age, and 34% of pregnant women needs medicaltreatments (Mahajan & Madhurima, 1995; Narayana, 1996; Rao, 1997, as citedin Sharma, 2015). Continuing with Africa, Alokan (2013) cited This Daynewspaper (2011) as finding that in Nigeria, approximately a half of women havebeen battered by their husband.
Surprisingly, most of them do not intend toreport the terrible situation that they are facing to the Nigeria Police.According to Wathen, MacGregor, MacQuirre (2015), a report of 8,429participants in Canada shows that more than a third of them have suffereddomestic violence as well. Overall, domestic violence has been becoming moreand more popuar in every single area of the world nowadays and resulting inmany bad effects for human beings. 2.
Adverse effects of domesticviolence2.1. Effect on adult victimsThere are a number of consequences which adultcasualties have to experience during domestic violence. They contains physical wound,chronic health problems, emotional distress and financial decrease (Faulkner, Cutler & Slatter, 2008;World Health Organisation, 2000, as cited in Department for Child Protection2012).
Mature victims must encounter physical injury. Jones (1997, as cited in Alokan, 2013) states that domesticviolence is likely to lead to many acute impacts requiring medical treatment andhospitalization like welt, wrecked bones, headaches, lacerations and wound. Besidephysical injury, chronic health effect is one of the impacts resulting fromdomestic violence as well. In fact, victims who confront domesticviolence usually suffer from some chronic health diseases such as inflammationof articulation and irritable bowel syndrome (Berrios,1991, as cited in Alokan,2013). Alokan (2013) cited Jones (1997) as finding that pregnant mothers who arein a domestic violence relationship may agonize greater danger of wound, injuryor even foetus’s dealth. In domestic violence, victims must face psychological effect.In deed,