There are many different parts of a plant and each of them are different in their own way. Now before I tell you all about the plant stuff, you have to know what Horticulture is? Horticulture is the “art or practicing of garden cultivation and management”. In this paper you will hear all about 3 types of plant life cycle the function of a leaf, and how to plant a plant properly.Plant Life Cycles: Plants are usually divided up by the number of growing seasons it takes to complete its life cycle. There are three different types of life cycles for plants, Annuals. Biennial, and Perennial. The Annual plant life cycle is where the plant completes its life from seed to flower in one year. Most annual plants are planted in the spring, then bloom in the summer, and finally die in the fall. When you plant annuals it is very important to have soil that has a great texture. Soil that clump up easily is not good for growing annual flowers. You also want to make sure the soil is not packed down so that the air can flow throughout the plant, this is also called aeration. Examples of annuals plants are morning glories, watermelon, corn, etc. A biennial plant life cycle is a little different from annuals because it takes the plants twice as long to complete its cycle. Which you’ll probably already knew that cause the prefix “Bi-” means “two,”. They normally grow from the seeds and die within two seasons, only leaving their seeds to be replanted. In the first season, the biennial plants grow from their seeds to become small plants. Then in the second season, the small plants grow bigger and produces flowers and seeds. Most of them die at the end of the second season while some survive after the second season to continue producing flowers. While other biennial plants have a dormant period in the winter, this is because of the low temperatures between the time they grow and bloom. Biennials are useful as herbs and decorative plants, some examples are carrots, parsley, and foxglove flowers (long, pink flowers).Finally, Perennial plant life cycles is where the plant lives more than two years, unlike the annuals and biennials plants. Perennial plants keep growing until they reach maturity, which is different for each plant, but is usually around three to five years. Often perennial plants keep their leaves year round, because they can survive harsh temperatures. Examples of perennial plants are African daisy, begonia, peace lily. Perennials bloom in the spring season of each year while the top portion of the plant dies in the winter. Which means for example that if a perennial flower was planted in the spring of 2017, then it will start blooming in the spring of 2018. While the top portion starts to die in the winter of 2019 before blooming again in the spring of the same year (2019). The most common perennial plants are herbaceous plants, which are plants with green, non-wood stems. Functions of a Leaf: You might think that leaves don’t do much of anything but guess what, they do a lot. They have three main function, which are completing the processes of photosynthesis, respiration and transpiration. Transpiration is where the water vapor is released when evaporation occurs. Transpiration occurs on the leaves of the plant. Transpiration also cooled down the plant. Respiration is the process in which sugar and starches are converted into energy. Guard cells do its function through the process of respiration. Which takes place when the stomate open and closes to prevent water loss.Photosynthesis is the process where plant take in sunlight and uses it and carbon dioxide to make its own food. Photosynthesis is the beginning of every food chain because of where the consumer eats the plant to get energy from it. It also gets the energy the plant got from the sun. The formula for photosynthesis is six molecules of water plus six molecules of carbon dioxide produce or equal one molecule of sugar plus six molecules of oxygen (6H2O + 6CO2 ———-> C6H12O6+ 6O2).How to Plant Properly: Here is an easy step by step process on how to plant a plant or flower properly. So first (1) you must choose the pot, but make sure there are one or more holes in the bottom of your pot to allow the water to flow out freely. You can use just about anything as a container for the plant, so it really just depends on what type of pot you want. Next (2) you want to choose the potting mix, and you do not want to use soil from the yard or garden. It can be filled with weed seeds, insects, and diseases. Instead just go buy some potting soil at your local garden center., like Lowes in Elkin. Potting Soil is just a light mixture of stuff like peat moss, vermiculite, and often, decomposed organic matter. Thirdly (3) Just choose the plants. Then you want to (4) prepare the pots. You do this by starting to fill the pot or container with the soil. Make sure you put enough potting mix so the bottom of the plant (where the stem sprouts from the soil’s surface) is about 1 inch from the top of the pot. Before you place the plant in the pot, pat down the soil lightly with your fingers to eliminate any big air pockets. The depth of the hole for the plant should be between six and eight inches. After you do that remove the plant from its nursery container, and place the plant in the pot (5). If you are potting more than one plant, leave at least an inch or two around each root. Once the plant is placed in the pot slowly start to fill soil around the plant, pat the soil lightly again, to get rid of any air pockets. When you have finished putting the soil in the pot, leave about an inch between the soil top part and the rim of the pot, and that is how you plant a plant properly.

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