There are
almost more than 260,900 educational institutes in Pakistan that are giving
education to more than 20 billion students with the assistance of 1.5 million
teachers. Among all institutes, there are 180,846 public institutes and 80,057
private institutes. So there are 31% educational institutes run by private
sector while 69% are public institutes. So ratio of public sectors is more.

infrastructure of our education system is mainly inspired from the British
System. Firstly we have Pre-School education that is designed for 3-5 years old
children and usually consists of three stages; Play Group, Nursery and Kindergarten
(KG). After pre-school education, students go through junior school from grade
1 to 5. Only 80% of children in Pakistan finish primary school education. After
passing grade 5 Examination which is conducted by the Punjab Examination
Commission Lahore, students are promoted in to Middle Level School i.e. grade 6
to 8. The language and way of instruction of subjects in school depends on the
nature of the institution itself, whether it is an English medium school or an
Urdu medium School/ Government School or a Private School.

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passing Matriculation Exam conducted by BISE Lahore, students are promoted to
College and University level education. Quality of education there also depends
on nature of institute.

secondary schools come under the Ministry of Education. All schools almost
follow a same syllabus in two languages, English and Urdu. Up to 5th grade
subjects taught are English, Urdu, Science, Islamiyat, Math and Drawing. After
5th grade there comes Physics, Science, Homeconomics/Arts, Math, Chemistry and
Islamiyat. Then students are given choice between science and computer group in
9th and 10th grade. There are some schools who also offer Physical Exercise of
15-20 minutes daily in morning and Training in Civil Defense, First Aid during
grades 9 and 10. There are also some schools who offer O levels and A levels.
Our college education is divided among FSc pre Eng. /Pre Med, ICom , FA and ICS.
Then in University level students are provided with specialized education for 4

Pakistan’s Educational System, Government institutes specially schools are the
most neglected in terms of financial support from the government side.
Government spends the least budget on education which is less than 2 percent of
the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Government even spends more budget on army
then on education. Due to less financial support, Government schools are the most
under paid and poor in performance.  

40 % of the educational
institutes does not possess basic facilities such as electricity, water,
guards, toilet and boundary wall. Even worse, they don’t have tables, chairs
and even black boards. Students are forced to sit on floors there.

contrast, private schools possess every facility of life but charges very high
fees. Only topmost level of the society means elite class can afford them. Such
schools develop the personality of their students by focusing on their moral
values but they are only for children from the rich and the powerful families.
They generally maintain excellent facilities including libraries, laboratories,
computer labs and highly-trained teachers. It has been seen that the number of
families which can afford the high fees of the private schools has been
increasing. It is also considered a mark of high status to have one’s children
admitted to such schools because children there learn English language very
fluently which will be useful for their career in West.  

officials are not paying any attention to educate the poor. They are retaining
education within their circle, that’s why rich are becoming richer and poor are
becoming poorer in our society. Private sector should allocate a number of
seats for the lower class to facilitate them with good quality as well as free
education. Pakistan ranks 189th in the world’s literacy ranking according to
2011 survey. Poverty, population expansion, feudal lords, wadera system,
political behavior, male dominated society and lack of schools in rural areas
are major reasons for such low literacy rate in Pakistan. Poverty is the
biggest cause and the largest resistance in the development of a country. In
fact in Pakistan 40% people are living below poverty line. The poor does not
have the income to afford education for their children. They prefer to put
their children on some work so can they get money for their food. The very poor
even can’t afford the upkeep of their children and are forced to give them up
to Orphanage providing free care or to left them on roads alone.

other biggest cause of poor education in Pakistan is a lack of government
interest and powerful feudal system in villages and poor areas. Some schools
also have Political influence which is main cause of their institute. Even
their examinations are not transparent and most of results are politically
motivated. Due to less self-finance schemes, the government is limiting
education only for upper class people. Due to poverty thousands of children
have been forced to leave their education and work in inhuman conditions.
That’s why our education system has failed to provide alternatives of
Quaid-e-Azam and Allama Iqbal.

Gender discrimination is also
a cause. People are very conservative and they don’t want their girls to go to
school and get education. That’s why the ratio of boys and girls in primary
schools is 10:4.

The other cause is also social problems.
School may be too far and students may not have facilities to reach these
schools. The countryside’s children do have not enough school for studies.
Another cause of illiteracy is family problems. If parents are workers, they
want their children to be workers too. Moreover nowadays there are a lot of
entertainments, which keep the children excited and busy. They spend their time
on such activities and don’t care about learning.

However, if we can fix these problems, we
would have education in our life.

 Teachers are the most essential component of
any education system. However, studies show that in Pakistan, no one is paying
attention to the proper building of teacher personality and resources.

Teaching profession is considered
the most underpaid and unattractive professional service in Pakistan.

 Teachers get more than fewer salaries in the

 Teachers are unable to spend a reasonable life
within the salary provided to them by the government. This has direct effect on
motivation level of teachers. The teachers as a whole do not take active
interest in the performance of their duties. This situation has ultimately
impacted the whole process of quality in teaching and learning in schools.

There is also a big lack in
personality of principals of schools. They lack the ability of staff
coordination and staff training. They don’t possess the proper vision which
leads them to feeling of superiority over staff. This trend has led to
situation where sometimes verbal wars take place between teacher and principal.
The ultimate effects of this situation fall on the students. Even the process
of quality of education in the schools is deeply affected.

There are no procedures of work in
some schools either due to the ignorance of the administration. Administration
fails to instruct teachers the proper procedure of work. In some schools there
is lack of teaching staff which forces teachers in the school to teach more
classes than their normal routine. This situation has increased more pressures
on the teachers which leads to their physical discomforts. Such situations
causes teachers to cover the syllabus at any cost despite of quality in
teaching and learning. Teachers cannot pay attention to individual students
which is a basic need of their personality grooming.

Outdated Syllabus is also a big dilemma of
our education system. Curriculum and the syllabus is the backbone of worth and
success of any educational system. This is something which should not be
stagnant and should vary according to advancement of the modern world. Pakistan
is facing one of the core problems of education whose foundations are being
laid by the outdated and old traditional syllabus which is being taught to the

That will not be wrong or exaggerated if
said that the syllabus which is being taught to the students today is the same
as it was being taught to their parents or even grandparents which is the real
point of concern.

The students and the teachers are fed up of
following the same traditional and outdated syllabus and that is why students
are switching to the other educational systems which includes the Cambridge
educational system which has ultimately made the system of education weaker and
less important.

Effects of illiteracy on society are
terrible. The most dangerous effect of illiteracy on society is that it works
as an inhibitor. That is to say the more illiterate people there are in a
country, the harder it will be for the country to develop.Punjab Governor Chaudhry Muhammad Sarwar gave ordinance to
make necessary provisions for the implementation of Article 25-A, which was
inserted in the Constitution in 2010. According to ordinance, Government should
give free education to children from grade 1 to 10. It states that a child or
parent shall not be liable to pay any fee or expenses for completing education
in a government school.


So we
can see that despite having some of the worst education indicators in the
world, Pakistan is also making slow progress in educating.

this noble cause to educate 57 million illiterates including 24 million out of
school children, we are striving day and night with a mission to make Pakistan
a literate society,”

Although provincial
governments are providing free education to some extent but it is not enough to
provide children with the treasures of knowledge. Though Government is
providing free education up to primary level but it is limited only to some

Government should also make the
acquiring of primary education as compulsory on every child in the province, so
in such way the 4.6 million children which are not a part of any educational
institutions will be able to get education and will contribute their best part
in improving the literacy rate.  

Government should also increase the budget which is to be
allocated towards education. Moreover highly skillful people should be employed
on key posts so that they could give good education. There must be such programs
which arouse the importance of education and the urgency to learn among
students so that we could compete with the world. Islam promotes education and
people should be aware of this very fact. There is an even when Hazrat Muhammad
(PBUH) said that he would set free the prisoners who would teach Muslims. By
this we can comprehend to what degree education is importance in Islam.Education plays a vital role in the development
of a nation, as it contributes to the development of human capital. Robust
economic growth seen in western hemisphere is all by their sophisticated
education system.


Our nation needs education more than
anything in this world. We are currently on a constant threat of terrorism
which can only come to an end when the mindset of people will change and to
change it we need proper education. An illiterate person
can never think right and always find shortcuts to earn money resulting in
higher crime rates and terrorism. Unemployment makes a person do unreasonable
things not just in Pakistan, but everywhere in the world.

Protecting schools from
extremists today will help to stem the rise of extremism tomorrow. Indeed,
given the contribution of ignorance, lack of choice, and socioeconomic
deprivation to the rise of terrorism in parts of Pakistan and its surrounding
countries, ensuring that future generations have better education, improved
capabilities, and good opportunities will ensure that the next generation will
not become easy prey for terrorist mindsets.

If we fail to meet our
commitment to standards education, millions of children will lead a life of
poverty and struggle with their hopes, dreams, and potentials broken. This
renders the country’s development potential. More than half of Pakistan’s population
is under the age of 25; who have potential to drive progress and prosperity in
the country – if, of course, they receive the proper education they deserve.


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