The Canadian Institute of Quantity Surveyors
is a professional association. They represent the interest of people working as
quantity surveyors and estimators within the construction industry. They are
the body that sets the standard for construction economics in Canada. The
mission of this association is to advance the professionalism of quantity
surveying and construction estimation. Quantity surveyors are professionals who
use their knowledge of construction methods, laws, projects, and accounting to
evaluate tenders, manage projects, provide advice and, when necessary, prepare
and participate in dispute resolution. Construction Estimators use their
construction industry knowledge to price and prepare estimates for projects,
conduct negotiations, to price change orders, and to track project progress to
cost and schedule. By setting standards for these professions this association
facilitates improvements to the quality and consistency of project time and
finance management, contracts, and estimation on projects costs for labor and
material.   Contracts for construction in Canada fall
under one of two categories. Construction in the province of Quebec is governed
by Civil law. Quebec has a civil code, which is part of their French Colonial
history. Civil law came from the Napoleonic code. Construction in all other
Canadian provinces and Territories is governed by Common law. Common law was
inherited from the English system of law. The difference between these two
categories is that common law depends on case law, which means the law is
enforced based on its experience and practice as expressed in judges opinions
and rulings in other cases, whereas civil law relies more heavily what is
actually written laws and codes.  In
the construction industry most disputes are resolved through arbitration.
Arbitration allows opposing parties to resolve issues without going to court.
Often this is a quicker and less expensive route than the courts. A third party
expert, or arbitrator, an export in the construction industry and the law, is
brought in to hear both sides, to research and review issues and information
related to the case to resolve the issues or define liability to the parties
involved.

 

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