The result of a foul mixture of worldwide issues such as poor food security, economic downfall, and overpopulation is poverty. The issue of poverty is evident and needs to be tackled on a global scale. The reduction or complete riddance of poverty is achievable through access to first world institutions, promotion of job opportunities, and encouraging advancement of infrastructure. Installing and introducing first world institutions such as more advanced medical institutions will help largely to prevent the numerous health issues and drawbacks linked with poverty. Greatly increasing the health of the population of an impoverished area will also increase the ability of the population to work.
An educational system which will successfully school a population to read and write will greatly improve the functionality of the population. New job opportunities will create areas of income for impoverished peoples, which over a period of time will slowly begin to breathe life back into the moribund economy. Finally advancing the infrastructure such as water management and availability, agricultural education, and elementary social services will create a safe, sustainable environment in which families can grow with vitality and confidence with a reliable source of basic human necessities. These are to fix the global issue of poverty. The first peek into a sustainable environment able to fix the issue of global poverty is introducing first world institutions into poverty-stricken areas. First world institutions are everyday resources that the majority of the first world population uses.
These institutions are ones which many societies would struggle to live without, yet they are often looked past and taken for granted, as many do not understand the importances of these. Institutions and organizations such as a system of education, often is absent or weak in many areas which experience poverty, or more importantly a functional government which is stable and honest. The importance of these institutions being present in societies today is the laying of a foundation on which a strong economy and community can build up. Publicly accessible education is an extremely important step in preventing the growth of poverty world wide, as quoted “171 million people could be lifted out of extreme poverty if all children left school with basic reading skills. That’s equivalent to a 12% drop in the world total” (Secretariat). This twelve percent is just one implementation of an institution in impoverished communities, and it should be taken into account that this scenario is suggesting the students leave with simply just the ability to read.
If a second institution such as health care is added into the equation, the results will be even more dramatic. Health care will directly decrease the poverty status of a given area as the people will need to spend less on finding proper health care when fallen ill and will have to pay less to reach said proper health care. It will also greatly impact the effects of poverty. As stated, “Poverty is a major cause of ill health” (Scandinavian Immigration). If health care institutions were to be introduced to areas of poverty, the impact of poverty will be much lighter. As quoted “Poverty creates ill-health because it forces people to live in environments that make them sick, without decent shelter, clean water or adequate sanitation” (“Poverty and Health” World Bank). When we take away the weapons of poverty, it becomes less prominent and makes it easier for families to be lifted from the state of being impoverished. After having a base to use as support with the newfound institutions, a family may even be able to start looking at a job.
As poverty is described as living on less than one dollar and ninety cents according to The World Bank, which is responsible for setting the global poverty line. This figure was last changed in twenty fifteen from one dollar and twenty five cents to one dollar and ninety cents. On a global scale, one of the best ways to lift people out of the state of poverty is to create job opportunities where they can work and get paid.
This is described well by Dean Baker in his article titled “How to Fight Poverty Through Full Employment” explaining that creating a full employment system will create numerous jobs for an entire economy by employers needing to compete for workers and giving companies a competitive market to participate in (“Poverty and Health” WHO). This will in time effectively lift an entire economy out of poverty with time. The economy will be boosted drastically by a newly competitive market and workers will begin to compete for wages and hours from their employers. The most difficult part of this process would be creating job opportunities for the men and women to occupy. As the new institutions are being put into place, there will be a large influx of job opportunities. There will be a need for laborers to build structures to home the new organizations, there will be a need for employees to work for the new institutions which will mend the poverty-stricken areas of the globe in now more than one way. According to The World Data Bank, ” Research shows that rising wages account for around 40% of the drop in poverty over the last decade” (FAQs: Global Poverty).
This statistic from the research conducted by the World Data Bank will ring true in the communities where institutions and introduced into the economy creating numerous job opportunities. Much of the population which found an opportunity to work would be receiving a raise from not earning a wage to having a stable paying job, and the employed persons or families will almost immediately feel the effect. Said persons or families would now be able to afford food or clean water, they would be able to save up and spend and be a now functioning gear in the clockwork of economics.
The catch is that for this economy to take off, most of the “gears” will need to be functioning. There will need to be more employment opportunities for more people to create monetary flow which is not stagnant. Creating a fluid economy in which businesses compete for money and there is an increasing demand for more technical needs, there is one last step in fixing the case of poverty as a global issue. To set impoverished countries on the right track towards economic flourishment and away from the dark depressed pass, there is a final need for the advancement of infrastructure. Infrastructure that is seen in economically stable societies today are numerous installations of proper housing, clean and protective, roads which are paved and used for transportation of goods and people, water wells, public and private transportation, communication, sewage, and much more. While it seems as if these are luxuries and not necessarily needed for a community to prosper, it is particularly important for any community to have most of if not all of the above listed infrastructures to survive, especially those communities which suffer heavily from poverty. Proper housing will begin to give the people a greater more sanitary means of shelter to live in.
Roads in these areas will allow for the transportation of goods, and begin a quicker more efficient route for trade. Wells for water will supply the communities with a source of fresh potable water, which is coincidentally correlated with poverty-struck areas. “Without clean water, the possibility of breaking out of the cycle of poverty is incredibly slim.” (Poverty and Water). This is due to the fact that one cannot stay well, attend school, work, or produce food if there is no access to clean drinking water.
Transportation and communication being introduced to these impoverished areas will allow for a greater and speedier decrease in the poverty experienced in the area. This is because communication and transportation allows for connection between outside influences, communities, ideas, companies, which greatly increases development and growth of a community. Many of these examples of required infrastructure are indeed expensive to implement and install, therefore it is not a change that is going to be instantaneous and all will be fixed in a period of time. This is a step in the walk to end global poverty that will take many years to take full effect and start making a difference.
It will also take a long time to take effect in all areas of the world affected by poverty.The issue of global poverty is ever present and needs to be dealt with properly. It is a pandemic that affects not only those unfortunate enough to live in the reality of poverty, but also those who are on the opposite side of the globe in first world countries. While it seems the issue if distant and untouchable there is a way for all to contribute. The issue can be solved through giving the impoverished areas access to first world institutions, promoting the availability and fulfillment of job opportunities, and encouraging the infrastructure in affected areas to become more advanced. Installing the necessary institutions will help in a large manor to prevent the countless health issues which correlate with poverty.
Opportunities for work will create a source of income for the impoverished, and will bring monetary flow and a new life for the economy of the area. Advanced infrastructure will provide and environment for individuals, families, and communities to grow upon with confidence. If we follow these guidelines and policies on our path to defeating extreme poverty on a global scale, it will “result in the end of poverty by the year 2025.” (Sachs).
To bring the issue of worldwide poverty to a record low, or to even purge of it completely is a tall task for the economic leaders of the world, but it is not impossible. There are organizations as well as individuals working out plans to end poverty and putting them to action. The end of the pandemic of poverty is in the near future.