Thecrisis in Syria is a civil war between the regime of President Bashar al Assadand the citizens that deem an alawite rulertyrannical and sectarian.
It began on March of 2011 and cultivated intoa Holy and a Proxy war which proliferated ISIS and various other terroristorganizations and left Syria annihilated in the process. The war has leftthousands dead and according to the UNHCR, it is stated that 6.1 million peopleare internally displaced and a total of 5.4 million are seeking refuge in othercountries, making it the worst humanitarian and refugee crisis since the WorldWar II. As the regime secured Russia, Iran and Iraq on its side and the opposition gained the support of USA, Turkeyand Jordan, both sides remained reluctant to compromises and caused Syria torecapitulate history. Egypt’s stance has been to alleviate thesuffering of the Syrian people, as quoted by thehead of Egypt’s delegate to the UN, Amr Abu Atta, in October 2017, thatEgypt supports “all efforts to stop thetragedy of the Syrian people”.
Subsequently, On October 2016, Egyptsupported contradicting UNSC draft resolutions by France and Russia since bothpartook in a similar thesis of an immediate cessation of hostilities, saving Syriancitizens and allowing ease of humanitarian access. Moreover, On December 2017, TheUNSC adopted a draft resolution put forward by Egypt, Sweden and Japan for a yearlongprotraction of cross-border aid deliveries in Syria for continual support ofSyrians residing in rebel-held areas. Egyptadvocates armistice and a political solution to the crisis, as quoted by thePresident of Egypt, Al-Sisi, in March 2017, that Egypt stance has been “to havea united Syria and a political agreement to resolve the crisis” and that “Egyptsupports ceasefire or truce”. Egypt has taken significant steps to solve thiscrisis in an amicable manner by hosting parleying discussions between bothparties. On July 2017, Egypt succeeded in its arbitrary discussions to implementa ceasefire in Ghouta al-Sharqiya. Furthermore, In August 2017, a truce wassigned in northern Homs as well which the Astana negotiations previously failedto accomplish.
Thesituation in Syria has no military solution. It only be accomplished withcollective co-ordination amongst the world powers, neighbouring, donor and moderatorcountries. To conclusively negotiate a political solution that meets therequirements of the Syrian people, to contemplate the well-being of refugeesin the time that they are resided in neighbouring countries and to move onwardswith the rebuilding of Syria so that it may welcome back its previous citizens.