The
crisis in Syria is a civil war between the regime of President Bashar al Assad
and the citizens that deem an alawite ruler
tyrannical and sectarian. It began on March of 2011 and cultivated into
a Holy and a Proxy war which proliferated ISIS and various other terrorist
organizations and left Syria annihilated in the process. The war has left
thousands dead and according to the UNHCR, it is stated that 6.1 million people
are internally displaced and a total of 5.4 million are seeking refuge in other
countries, making it the worst humanitarian and refugee crisis since the World
War II. As the regime secured Russia, Iran and Iraq on its side and the opposition gained the support of USA, Turkey
and Jordan, both sides remained reluctant to compromises and caused Syria to
recapitulate history.

 

Egypt’s stance has been to alleviate the
suffering of the Syrian people, as quoted by the
head of Egypt’s delegate to the UN, Amr Abu Atta, in October 2017, that
Egypt supports “all efforts to stop the
tragedy of the Syrian people”. Subsequently, On October 2016, Egypt
supported contradicting UNSC draft resolutions by France and Russia since both
partook in a similar thesis of an immediate cessation of hostilities, saving Syrian
citizens and allowing ease of humanitarian access. Moreover, On December 2017, The
UNSC adopted a draft resolution put forward by Egypt, Sweden and Japan for a yearlong
protraction of cross-border aid deliveries in Syria for continual support of
Syrians residing in rebel-held areas.

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Egypt
advocates armistice and a political solution to the crisis, as quoted by the
President of Egypt, Al-Sisi, in March 2017, that Egypt stance has been “to have
a united Syria and a political agreement to resolve the crisis” and that “Egypt
supports ceasefire or truce”. Egypt has taken significant steps to solve this
crisis in an amicable manner by hosting parleying discussions between both
parties. On July 2017, Egypt succeeded in its arbitrary discussions to implement
a ceasefire in Ghouta al-Sharqiya. Furthermore, In August 2017, a truce was
signed in northern Homs as well which the Astana negotiations previously failed
to accomplish.

 

The
situation in Syria has no military solution. It only be accomplished with
collective co-ordination amongst the world powers, neighbouring, donor and moderator
countries. To conclusively negotiate a political solution that meets the
requirements of the Syrian people, to contemplate the well-being of refugees
in the time that they are resided in neighbouring countries and to move onwards
with the rebuilding of Syria so that it may welcome back its previous citizens.

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