The natural growth rate of Tibet has dropped by 40 per cent over past twodecades, with birth rate also dropping by 40 per cent over the same period,indicating economic pressures are forcing people to have smaller families toearn a livelihood.1There are reports that Tibetans have been relocated to higher reaches in Khamand Amdo areas leaving the fertile valleys for the Han. There has beenreduction in pasture land forcing the nomadsand the shepherds to look for pastures in higher reaches as also overuse thepastures upsetting the fragile ecology balance. This has resulted in a drop incropland per capita. In Ganze prefecture, for e.g, cropland increased by 4562hectares while population increased by 255,293 thereby resulting in drop of percapita cropland from 0.
17 hectares to 0.11 hectares.2 In 2006, a relocation project moved 290,000Tibetans into urban homes – almost 10 per cent of the whole Tibetan population.
Critics of the location policy citedthat, China had not researched its urbanisation policy and the effects it wouldhave on employment, jobs and Tibetan culture & Socio-Economic inequalities3.All adults have to work to make a living. Interestingly, labour remuneration accounted for two thirds of the GDPin TAR.
A closer look at the ‘staff and workers’ reveals that these grouprepresent upper ranking cadres and workers in public utilities or state owned enterprises. It does notinclude the migrant or service workers who are from the mainland for a shortperiod of time. Thus, Tibetans have increasingly been marginalised from theareas that generate the GDP in TAR. 1 ‘Birth rate, Death Rate and Growth ofPopulation’, Tibet Statistical Year book 2010, ch. 3-2, , p. 29. 2 International Committee of Lawyers forTibet, ‘The Relationship Between Environmental Management and Human Rights inTibet’, A report prepared for Mrs.
Fatma Zohra Ksentini, Special Rapporteur,for the study of Human Rights and the Environment pursuant to resolutions1990/7 and 1990/27 of the Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination andProtection of Minorities, July 14, 1992 , p. 143 http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/6944342.stm, (Accessed January 02 , 2018).