The China’s naval tensions overthe South China Sea to China’s east and over some strings of Islands betweenChina and Japan are not new. The China has started showing its authority overSouth China Sea whereas some other Asean(Association of South East Asian nations) countries including neighboringcountries like Vietnam, the Philippines, Malaysia and Brunei.
This hasgenerated rivalry among the neighboring nations because they all consideredtheir sovereignty over the sea. On the other hand China also had very intenserivalry with Japan over the case of string of uninhabited islands, where Japanhas administrated those islands but China has claimed its rule by saying thatthese islands were part of China’s maritime territory from hundreds of yearsago. Responding to this claim, the Japan says that it has shown no trace ofChina’s control over the islands in the survey of 1885 so they formally announced them as part of Japanese Sovereignty in 1895. (Steven Jiang, CNN, 2012)The tensions between Japan andChina are high over the disputed islands and meanwhile China and the Philippineshave got rivalry on course of South China Sea territory control and also somelucrative gas reserves beneath waters. The Chinese ships entered the wateraround the controversial group of islands claiming it their territory howeverthose islands are in control of Japan. The ships arrived near the uninhabitedislands which Japan calls Senkaku and China calls Diaoyu and military patrols andlaw enforcement and the cold war began. (Xinhua, 2012)Three Level Analyses of China’s Naval Tensions:The three level of analysisincludes global, state and individual level analysis of the causes and effects,pros and cons of the above stated situation between China and its neighborhoodcountries.
Global Analysis:As far as global concerns andresponses related to this issue are studied, it gave rise to a cold war andintense rivalry among China and its neighboring plus ASEAN partners countries.And on the other hand a much strong enmity between China and Japan.Consequently, the global interference,other than these two or three major nations, started when The United States ofAmerica intervened in favor of Japan and flew two B-52 Bombers, unannouncedjust after few days. However The Chinese did not react to it as thegeopolitical oppositions were created underneath.The long running argument betweenboth nations had given rise to a number of protests in China by the public anda sense of anger and enmity had developed against Japan. The US, a key collaboratorof Japan has said again and again to Tokyo and Beijing to settle down theirdisputes through table talks and deals. Soon after the matter the U.
S DefenseSecretary of that time Leon Panetta decided to meet with his counterparts inJapan and China to resolve the issue. (CNN, 2012)If the globally history isrecalled then it is revealed that Japan after 1885, sold those disputed islandsto the descendants in 1932.The Japanese surrendered at the end of the world war2 in 1945 and the islands were then administrated by USA occupation force. Butafter 1972 the Washington departed and handed control of them to Japan.Now the China,Japan and also the Philippines are facing global issues while the USA isclearly supporting Japan.State Analysis:Regarding this issue,the most involved states are China and Japan.
Other concerned states includethe Philippines, Vietnam, Malaysia, Brunei, and The United States of Americamore importantly.Impact on China:China andmembers of the ASEAN held joint maritime rescue exercise recently. This istheir largest ever joint military patrol and exercise which indicates atemporary period of lack of rivalry activity between the disputed nations.
(online, 1 november,2017) China exercisedseveral naval drills on the Bohai and Yellow seas and maintained firm focus onnorthern shores but it shifted focus to South China Sea previous year after aHague tribunal rule against china’s territorial claims in the area in July2016. Then, last year a United Nations backed tribunal deciding on anapplication by the Philippines, rejected the Beijing’s claim over most of theSouth China Sea. Due to these disputes of China with otherneighboring countries, China and Chinese people had suffered a lot.
AntiJapanese rallies were broke out in several cities of china and also sometimesthey turned aggressive. The Chinese social sites and messages showed clearsigns of anger and frustration. As a result of these sites, Japanese stores,restaurants, Japanese made cars were burnt and traumatized. When the controversy aroused, the people ofChina started to do protest against Japanese authority. The Japanese media alsoreported incidents of assaults on Japanese nationals in China.
But the ministryof china soon controlled the situation by saying that the protest and anger bythe Chinese nation is not meant for Japanese people and a3so that the safety ofthe Japanese people would be protected in China.Impact on Japan:Kristen Vikasi said,”Following the 2012protests…members of the Japanese business community saw how quickly Chineseconsumers turned out Japanese products when the political winds shifted againstthe country.”It was very disturbing forJapanese firms to find that the political and economic environment of china is linked.The surveys conducted by consulting firm TEIKOKUDATABANK revealed that 40 percentof the firms suffered negative tradeoffs as result of anti Japanese protests inchina with the results that automobiles, popular stores and electronics wereleft only with shut down option.
The Japan External Trade Organization (JETRO) revealed that ascompared to the last year there was a sudden and tremendous drop of 14.5% in firms that were planning toexpand in Japan. Also they noticed severe pessimism for Japanese firms. Intheir surveys of Overseas Japanese firms, theJapan Bank of International Cooperation (JBIC) revealed that 16 % of firms overall reported negativerepercussions from the maritime territory disputes with China and 65% of automobile makers claimeddetrimental outcomes. According to the JETRO report, the number of companiesthat felt positive and optimistic about their future in China faced a drop downof 30% points as compared to thelast survey done in 2010. Mean while for the first time in decades, the chinalost its top ranked investmentdestination for Japan in the JBIC survey.Compared to the previouspolitical disruptions for example the 2005protests or the 2010 trawler incident, the 2012 protests probablycaused more disturbance and negative impact on the Japanese trade andinvestment.
(Vikasi, 2017) The graph shows Japanese monthly trade with chinafrom 2000 to 2017.After the first two politicaldisruptions the Japanese economic leaders were willing to move forward from “Cold politics, Hot Economics” but after2012 protests these attitudes were changed a lot.Today after five years someresearchers contend that the dispute has been resolved and now the economicrelations of china and Japan are moving positively towards a right trajectory.