The whole world was shocked when a plane flew into one of the Twin Towers in New York at 8:45 on September 11th, 2001. As terror began to spread among the city, a second plane hit the other tower only 18 minutes after. Two hours later, both buildings would collapse, leaving most of the town in smoke and debris.
What was the real reason behind the 9/11 attack? Why would anyone intentionally terrorize so many people? People claim many things from saying it was the Islam religion to saying the US government planned it. To analyze the motives, we can seperate the topics into the stated factors and the speculated factors. The conclusion that it was because of Al-Queda’s flawed strategy was found by looking at the US support of Israel, the US’s power in Iraq, military in Saudi Arabia, religious motives, and other political motives. First of all, we can look at the United States’ support of Israel. This factor can be categorized as a stated factor because in 2002, Osama Bin Laden said, “The creation of Israel is a crime which must be erased. Each and every person whose hands have become polluted in the contribution towards this crime must pay its price, and pay for it heavily.” Part of the US policy of the time was to support Israel.
The support came in the form of financial and political support with Israel receiving over 3 billion dollars since 1985. Because Bin Laden was against the creation and the sustenance of Israel, he opposed the United States. The whole situation begs the question, “Why did the US support Israel in the first place?”. The situation isn’t as simple as avoiding danger. Israel has some of the most elite military and they stand as a beacon of democracy in the middle east. The United States supports this country in order that their values against terror and tyranny might be represented.
Secondly, we can look at the US’s power in Iraq. Part of the reason Al-Queda may have orchestrated the 9/11 attack was to deter the United States from foreign ground. At the time Al-Queda was slowly dying off. Little by little they became weaker. They decided that they needed to make a move to grow and establish their power.
They thought that by doing this the US would back down from the middle eastern affairs. And although this strategy may look to work fine, it did just the opposite. After the 9/11 attack, the United States became way more proactive and lively in foreign affairs and against terror in general. They began to establish their dominance and power by adding more troops and making it a mission to eliminate some of the huge terror forces. Because of the outcome, we know that Al-Queda severely underestimated the global and dominant power of the United States at the time. Thirdly, we can look at the military presence in Saudi Arabia. In the 1990s, there was a war in the Middle East called the Gulf War. This war involved the United States, the United Kingdom, France, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, and Iraq.
Each side also had added supporters. In this war, the United States joined with many other nations against Iraq for the invasion of Kuwait. Part of the result of this battle was the US was able to post sanctions in Saudi Arabia.
Though this may not seem bad at first the context must be kept in mind. To the natives and to the people of Islam, Saudi Arabia was a land full of many holy and sacred things that were very important to them. To have a foreign country post sanctions and military presence in the land was very offensive to some.
In fact, people were so mad that there was another attack that happened before 9/11. In 1998, two seperate United States Embassies were hit by bombs. Trucks carrying explosives blew up near the buildings.
These attacks were linked to Al-Queda and it put Bin Laden on the FBI most wanted list. This was on the same day as when the US first put sanctions in Saudi Arabia. The US presence in Saudi Arabia may be counted as a stated factor because in 1998 Bin Laden stated “for over seven years the United States has been occupying the lands of Islam in the holiest of places, the Arabian Peninsula, plundering its riches, dictating to its rulers, humiliating its people, terrorizing its neighbors, and turning its bases in the Peninsula into a spearhead through which to fight the neighboring Muslim peoples.” Like said earlier, Al-Queda tried to establish its presence and drive out the US by attacking them.
In the big scheme of things, they miserably failed. The US was a greater global power than imagined and they only became more present and more