The Internet has made a great impact on the world of computer and communications like nothing before.
People can be able to share all information and interact with each other regardless of the limit of space and time. Network protocols is a set of rules that govern communications between devices which recognize and connect to each other, and formatting rules that specify how data is packed into sent and received messages. The Internet Protocol (IP) is a protocol that helps computers to communicate with each other by data on the Internet. Web browser is one of the applications interact with higher-level of Internet Protocol. However, computer hardware and networks adapters interplay the lower-level Internet Protocol.
There is no guarantee that Internet Protocol ensure a successful transmission of data. Even if the Internet Protocol is considered as unreliable and connectionless protocols, it can be paired with TCP at the transport layer. The internet Protocol is the most widely used network protocols.Some people used to believe wired networks were faster and more secure than wireless networks. However, the continued increase in wireless networking standards and technologies has eroded these speed and security differences.
Due to Wi-Fi, Bluetooth and LTE, wireless network is one of the world’s most popular network technologies. This is a very common part of our everyday life and it is now easy to take Wi-Fi for granted. Network protocols designed for wireless networks must support roaming mobile devices and handle issues such as variable data rates and network security where the data confidentiality and integrity is the most important challenge in wireless networks security, especially when exchanging sensitive information on industrial, military applications or key identity distribution. People sometimes refer to a wireless network as “Wi-Fi,” even if the network uses completely unrelated wireless technologies.
While it seems ideal that all of the world’s wireless devices should use a common network protocol such as Wi-Fi, today’s networks support a wide range of different protocols. The reason is none of the existing protocols provide the best solution for all the different wireless applications people need. Some are better optimized to save on mobile devices, while others provide higher speed or more reliable and longer-range connections. The routing protocol is a proprietary protocol designed specifically for network routers on the Internet, and define other routers, manage routes between the source and destination of network messages. Management of routers need to understand the basic language of the router, the routing protocol. There are three common routing protocols such – EIGRP, OSPF, and BGP. These protocols are interior protocols, because they can exchange the routing information between autonomous on the internet which means making dynamic routing decisions.
Thousands of different network protocols have been created to support communications between computers and other types of electronic devices. Some routing protocol allows routers to construct complete mapping and tracking of all network links within a region, a regional information network and some other routing allows routers use less. A network protocol defines the rules of communication between network devices and the Convention. Some protocol message confirmation also supports reliable and high performances communication network design and data compression.
Many variety computers have developed network protocols which are designed for a particular purpose and environment.