The chain of command is the formal line thatdescribes how the authorities are divided from the highest authority to thebottom in each organization. The chain of command principle is ancient, butit has not been used in any organization until the twentieth century. Twoindividuals–the French engineer Henri Fayol and the German sociologist Maxweber, Max weber contributed much to our understanding of this principle, Fayolmade what’s called the fourteen principles of management in his book generaland industrial management, his fourth principle was unity of authority, whichis called the chain of command in these days (Reference for Business, 2018).Since their hard work in explaining the chain ofcommand’s function and its benefits, the chain of command became one of themost important organization structures.
Toyota Figure 2.4.4. Mr. Akio Toyoda, the generaldirector of Toyota.
Source from: https://www.aol.co.uk/cars/2010/06/25/toyota-ceo-told-to-stop-weeping-by-investor/ The general director of TOYOTA Mr. Akio Toyodahas 65 directors and I’m here talking about the managers who has importantposition in Toyota’s chain of command, But in the near future Toyota is goingto hire more managers, for more invention, technology and marketing (Toyota,Executives, 2018).
One of these hard workers is Mr. TakeshiUchiyamada, he is the chairman of Toyota since 2013. He also had so importantrole in leading and development of Toyota Prius, best-selling hybrid electricalcar in history (Automotive News, 2017).
Figure 2.4.5. Chain of Command of Toyota.
Source from: http://www.toyota-global.com/company/history_of_toyota/75years/data/company_information/management_and_finances/management/organizational/organizational_changes02.
html Every year Toyota brings all the managers from around the world todiscuss about the future of the organization, Toyota also has about 320,808employees and sells its products in 170 country and regions worldwide, whichmakes it the world’s fifth-largest company. But in the same time the company’sheadquarters in Toyota city, Japan (Toyota, 2017) HuaweiThe general director of Huawei Mr. Ren Zhengfeiand the founder of Huawei, and he has more than 27 director and supervisor whohold degrees and masters from the best universities in China and Asia (Huawei,Board of Directors, 2018).Figure 2.4.
3.Chain of command of Huawei. Sourcefrom: https://www.slideshare.
net/Faraz_basharat/huawei-intro-presentation-bdm-wlan-6282013-3-52965826 One of them is Mrs. Sun Yafang the director ofthe training center, she holds bachelor’s degree from Chengdu university ofElectronics science technology. Huawei’sproducts and services are used in more 170 countries and regions worldwide thatmeans one-third of the world’s population using Huawei products, all of thathard work is done by 180,000 employees who has great experience intelecommunication and invention, and they are really having good and nicerelationships with their managers those who has more authority in theorganization (Huawei, 2017). As you can see Huawei has24 directors and supervisors and about 180,000 employees, which means shorterchain of command which provides better communications and saves time, and theemployees have better relationship with their managers.Because of that we’re seeing the really fastimproving of Huawei organization comparing to the other organizations which hassimilar products like Samsung and Apple.
As we can see Huawei organization is choosingtheir directors carefully, because the structure has to be based on highqualifications.On the other side, we have Toyota organization, which has a longchain of command.The disadvantages ofhaving a long chain of command are more than the advantages, the communicationswill take longer time between the different levels of the authorities, whichmakes it harder to make decisions, and difficult to have that work environmentwhich keeps the employees motivated and inspired.And this why I think Toyota is going to hire more directors in thenear future, because a lot of things will change in the future, so Toyotais going to have more directors who has more expert and knowledge of invention,technology and marketing. Sofrom my point of view, if Toyota wants to still the world’s fifth-largestcompany in the world, they should make easier communications in theirorganization by hiring more directors, and give them more authorities, becausethat will save more time to solve complex problems, also that motivates theemployees to work harder to get a promotion.