The world is full of rich and significant history,but not all is recognized by man. As I was researching for this content paper,I was stunned but at all times amazed by the resilience of some states in differentand diverse regions of the world. Resilience due to profound reasons made thesestates what they are today.
I have come to a realization that three of thesereasons are similar; freedom, liberty, and independence. States like Kosovo, Taiwan, andPalestine has been fuelled by hunger of freedom, liberty, and independence.These three states hunger begun decades and even centuries ago. Thus, thehunger is rooted deep into the minds and culture of the populous. In Kosovo,the people are crying for freedom since the late 14th century. 1389marks the first of numerous battles that the Kosovans will have to endure forcenturies in the name of freedom.
Kosovo has witnessed diverse occupants fromthe wars they’ve won and lost. From being ruled by the Serbian Empire, OttomanEmpire, and to being part of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY).Prior to the SFRY declaring Kosovo as part of their province as well as grantingthe province autonomy, Kosovans fought in the Balkan war and World War II.
On1980 Kosovo’s provincial status was in contempt when the death of theYugoslavian President Josip Tito brought with him the fate of the SFRY as thegovernment is in brink of collapse. A decade later and the resolution ofindependence of Kosovo as an independent state is passed, two years later theyhave effectively elected their first democratic president, Ibrahim Rugoya. Unfortunately,Kosovo won’t be able to enjoy their independence as in 1998 after the collapseof the SFRY, the Kosovo War has erupted. The war was between Kosovo and theFederal Republic of Yugoslavia, consisting of the Republics of Montenegro andSerbia. A year later the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) intervenedthen aids the Kosovan in the war, the war ended after a year and the start ofthe peace talks and agreements. Kosovo declared independence last 2008. We know Taiwan today as a prosperousnation, officially called the Republic of China (ROC). Prior to the arrival ofthe 1st Dutch and Portuguese settlers in the island of Taiwan in the15th century, natives of Taiwan were known to be the originalinhabitants of the island.
During the 17th century, heavy traffic ofmigrants from mainland China floods the Island, paving way for the mainlandChinese’ Qing dynasty forces’ occupation of Taiwan. In 1855, The Qing dynastydeclared Taiwan as one of their provinces, but due to the Sino-Japanese warmainland China was forced to surrender Taiwan to Japan. The Treaty ofShimonoseki of 1895, states that mainland China will hand over Formosa (Taiwan)to Japan in exchange for peace. The Japanese occupation ended when theysurrendered to the Allies in the end of World War II 1945. KMT led Taiwan torebuild, but a civil war broke out in China. The civil war resulted to thereign of the communist party of China, declaring the People’s Republic of Chinaand Taiwan their governing states.
A 40 year Martial Law was sanctioned forTaiwan and has been lifted in 1987 when an opposition candidate won thepresidential elections, changing the landscape of Taiwan’s economy by opening upto international relations. The Republic of China is not an independent country,as stated in the ROC constitution, it claims to be a representative of bothmainland and island China. A state that claims independence andrights to territories owed to religious meaning of the lands, is the state ofPalestine. For decades Palestine seeks to reclaim the holy lands from Israel.Multiple agreements are drafted and most of the time rejected by Palestinethrough out the state’s history. The Balfour Declaration by the British governmentstating its support for a territory for the minority of Jews in Palestine, thisdeclaration creation of the UN Resolution 181. Resolution 181 or the UnitedNations Partition Plan for Palestine states the separate the Jewish Israelifrom the Muslim Palestine. The resolution recommends to give power andrecognize Palestine’s future government.
In 1948, Israel declares independenceas the result of the agreements. Up to the late 20th century,negotiations between disputed territory of Israel and Palestine were insession. In 2014, Palestine sought after recognition from the United Nations asand independent state. These three states may have adifferent history and story about their freedom, liberation, and independence.
I have concluded that the story of the Filipino is similar to them. ThePhilippines has been settled on, occupied, and invaded multiple times. But, inthe end the people’s hunger will prevail. Love for your country, culture, andheritage is the result of our rich history. Our history that were fought by ourheroes to free the next generation.