The global movements for food justice discourse came up as a response to the problems facing the global food system. The author mentioned several movements with the specific aim to re-insert defensible values into the food system. Although, the movements were set up to achieve this aim but the La Via Campesina (LVC) was more unique and broader in its scope and reach.
LVC also fit the criteria of true transnational social movements. This evaluation will focus on LVC without disregarding other movements because they all follow same aim to achieve ” defensible values”. LVC was able to define “peasant identity” in such a way that would involve all scales of agricultural activities on land and landless, and also covers “issues of gender, race, class,culture, and North/South relations” ( Desmarais 2007,27) across the sixty-nine countries. Also, LVC was able to create a network that would include everyone and their characteristics even without some peasants having the knowledge of that.LVC’s adopted food sovereignty over the already food security as it aligns with their objectives which is “the rights of local people to determine their own agricultural and food policy, organize production and consumption to meet local needs, and secure access to land, water, and seed” (Wittman 2010). The demand to have rights over food was a joint deliberation with other allies against the state authority and approaches to food system.
Food sovereignty gives citizens and communities the right to contribute and shape the food system. LVC’s also follows some set of moral and ethical values, this was in respect for human rights i.e giving equal rights to both women and men. Gender equality in agricultural systems is also a concern to LVC as they try to address the issue and increase participation of women on land and landless . However, LVC’s tries to change the control and decision making power from the invisible hands to the peasants.
The idea of providing food for the mass and elite markets at the expense of peasants farmers. The peasant way of farming and producing food in a sustainable way as been argued to be the best way against the highly tech industrial agriculture.In conclusion, La Via Campesina movement has been able to show a great juxtaposition of autonomy, sovereignty, and participatory democracy. Although, they also have their shortcomings which the author didn’t really focus on but nevertheless they have shown a great deal of how people must have power to determine their own plans, and this power must reflect in all corners of the society through a chain and also equality between man and woman.