The author in
this article is conveying that we must hang on with the fact that leadership
can be both good and bad. Americans, for historical and political reasons, possibly
assume that leaders are by description greater. They deny labeling as leaders
who may be considered discarded people such as Nixon and Hitler. It explains the reasons and how the
exercise of power, authority and influence can cause harm.

Kellerman emphasizes is not only on defining leadership as an
art but also in stressing that the leadership industry recently focuses on
teaching leadership as inclined towards teachings that only define leadership and
leaders as “good” and completely ignore the assessment of “bad” leaders and bad
leadership. The article discovers the case for also emphasizing on bad
leadership in the overall definition of leadership.

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Kellerman
has mentioned in the case that Americans have been favorable in their political
leadership. Kellerman ensures to differentiate leadership from the leader, explaining
that leadership can be best understood by highlighting the three variables: the
leader, the followers, and the context of the times. Kellerman points out that
bad leadership can be either ineffective or unethical or both. In addition seven
different types of bad leadership: incompetent, rigid, intemperate, callous,
corrupt, insular, and evil are also explained in the case.

Her belief is
simple, bad leadership is still leadership and bad leaders are still
leaders.  She communicates this to the
readers, by exploring the recent scholarly and industry emphasis on defining
bad leaders with a term as “power wielders” and bad leadership as being overlooked
and vague by current trends. The case argues that people want to read and know about
good leaders like John Adams and Jack Welch but makes no notice to the leaders,
David Koresh and Warren Harding’s.  This accepted
tendency is similar to “avoiding the
elephant in the room” and people refuse to compare the respected leaders
like Franklin Delano Roosevelt to Adolph Hitler. The author’s first and most
critical point is that leadership should not be defined in a confined way as is
mostly done, in today’s leadership industry. 
Kellerman argues again and again
for how leadership is defined as, that admits that bad leaders are leaders too
and that in order to actually learn and teach leadership, we must determine
ourselves to this extended definition of leaders and leadership and come to a
conclusion that leadership can be good and bad.

Kellerman’s also
stresses on the argument that leaders behave the way they do because they own positive
traits and, people follow bad leaders because they require someone to lead. Kellerman
argues that the human need for authority, to “keep things simple.”

Q2. What are the similarities and differences between good
and bad leadership. Take an example (from India) of a good and a bad leader to
explain your answer.

 

Good and bad leaders
can be differentiated;

·        
Bad leaders will only tell “what” to do
whereas Good leaders share the “why” behind the “what”.

·        
Bad leaders play the blame game while Good leaders take
responsibility

·        
Bad leaders just don’t care
however, Good leaders care

·        
Bad leaders give you the
solutions; Good leaders help you find your own solutions

·        
Bad leaders don’t want to know
what you think; Good leaders are always asking your
opinion

 

Dr. APJ
Abdul Kalam India’s 11th president whose leadership style if imbibed can create
the World’s most wonderful organization. He believed everything
is Possible. When we say Leaders Ignite the
minds of others; like a
special satellite that orbits the Universe, he went about his mission, igniting
millions of young minds and many nations. Dr. Kalam boasted nothing but learnt
as much as he can till his last breath. He kept nothing to himself but shared
with transparency and sincerity to each and every one, everything he learnt. Leaders humble themselves;
such was his leadership style that Dr. Abdul Kalam’s succession to power
and position was just occasions to further humble him as much possible as he
can, so that the people who met him can feel stronger and taller in their heart
and life.

 

Leaders inspire others and make them dream rather than making
them believe in their own dreams. Dr. Kalam
inspired millions of young hearts to dream; and, made them to believe in their
dreams. He wanted people to dream, to transform their dreams into thoughts that
can result into actions. He is truly a
visionary. Leaders look for solutions to problems
with Innovative mindset. Probably the only Missile scientist in
this Universe who could use the materials made to fly missiles now makes little
kids around the World walk with confidence. Dr. Abdul Kalam is an institution.

 

Dr. Manmohan
Singh is an excellent Economist, but a bad leader in Indian context. He is the
accidental prime minister in the Indian history. He was bestowed with position
and power of a leader but was unable to perform his assigned task successfully.
He was an underachiever. People were seeking more reforms which will propel the
Indian economy on the right track but unfortunately he was unable to meet his followers’
expectations. His lack of decision taking skills made his image diminished in
the worldwide. Lack of decision taking character is a very huge accusation that
has always been made on him. He was always criticized for the inability to take
his own decisions. He had never taken decision from his point of view as a
leader of nation who works for the development of nation, rather then he takes
all decisions under the pressure of his party members. Silence is more powerful
then thousands voice. But the phrase seems to be odd for Manmohan Singh. He
always tried to remain away from the main issues and not spoken that much,
public was expecting from their Prime Minister. This is not how good leaders
behave. 

 

Prime Minister of India is strongest and most powerful position in the
Indian democracy. Manmohan Singh is considered as very less impact PM. Dull
Attitude is another very negative point about his personality. This attitude
creates a different image of him, an image which shows me helpless and Dull
Prime Minister. A good Leader is supposed to be the one who have skills to
motivate their public during bad times. When citizens are looking for something
from their leader his speeches lacks a positive attitude and confidence and still
people followed him. Be it for the power of the position or his calm attitude and
his previous achievements as the finance minister.

 

 

Q3. How do we need to understand leadership? Why is this understanding
required?

 

Leadership should be
understood considering both good and bad leadership. It would be irrelevant if
we focused on only good leadership or leaders and overlook bad leadership and
leaders. In the case Kellerman has made it very clear that leadership is not only
good but bad as well. Bad leaders are also leaders and hence they should also
be well thought-out while understanding leadership as a term. Leadership is
somehow not related to coercion. It is explained in the case that leaders who
use coercion are usually considered as bad.

 

Leadership on humans
can be exercised when persons with certain motives and purposes mobilize
resources as to arouse, engage and satisfy the motives of followers. If we
pretend that there is no elephant and bad leadership is unrelated to good
leadership, if we pretend to know one without knowing another we will in the
end distort the enterprise. We cannot distance ourselves with the most relevant
example of the history, Hitler by calling him with another name “power wielder.”
Not only his impact on 20th century greater than anyone else but
also he was brilliantly skilled at inspiring, motivating and directing his
followers. Limiting leadership to be good presents three major problems are
mentioned in the case; it is confusing, misleading and it does a disservice.

 

Leadership
is an important term to understand, not only for the person to become a leader
but also if one wants to be a follower. A follower should be well aware of the
leader he is following.

Or maybe
the person you’re leading is yourself. The value of being aware of you and your
emotions and motivations is probably obvious. It’s the alternative to being
reactive and blowing in the breeze.

 

However
valuable those skills, they are difficult to teach to someone without them —
those who would benefit from them most. Developing and practicing leadership are
one of the best ways to increase your awareness of your emotions and
motivations and how you act on them. Understanding leadership is vital because organizations take on the personality of
their leaders. Leadership training and development can maximize productivity,
shape a positive culture and promote harmony. To achieve this, key people must
lead individuals and teams using an appropriate leadership style.

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