The central processing unit is the part of the computer that
is engaged for exchanging and assisting most of the commands from the
computer’s most of the commands from the computer’s other hardware and
software, for instance desktop, laptop and our Smart phones.

                                                HISTORY  

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CPU has a very broad history. Basically the first cpu was
developed by Federico  Faggin under the
leadership of dell in January 1971. It was the intel 4004, a 4-bit central
processing unit. In this first invention masatoshi Shima  assisted them. After that 16-pin ceramic
dual-in line package was invented. Till now lots of invention are continuously
being processed.

                                                USES

Cpu is core processing unit and also referred as the brains
of the computer. it is one the vital part of the computer that performs
calculations, actions and runs the programs. It takes the instruction input
from the computer’s random access memory and break down the information before
producing an output. The little and typically square chip is put onto the
gadget’s motherboard and communicates with the other equipment to work on your
own PC. On the off chance that you need to delver somewhat profound into PC
mechanics.

                        HOW IT WORKS

There have been lots of development since the past years, but
cpu remained the same that it works on

1 Fetch

2 Decode

3 Execute

                        FETCH

Similarly as you may expect, getting includes accepting a
direction. The direction is spoken to as a progression of numbers and is passed
to the CPU from the RAM. Every guideline is just a single little piece of any
operation, so the CPU has to know which direction comes next. The present
direction address is held by a program counter (PC). The PC and directions are
then set into an Instruction Register (IR). The PC length is then expanded to
reference the following direction’s address.

            DECODE

Once an instruction is fetched and
stored in the IR, the CPU passes the instruction to a circuit called the
instruction decoder. This converts the instruction into signals to be passed
through to other parts of the CPU for action.

                EXECUTE

In the final step, the decoded
instructions are sent to the relevant parts of the CPU to be completed. The
results are usually written to a CPU register, where they can be referenced by
later instructions. Think of it like the memory function on your calculator.

What Is A CPU and What Does It Do?

TYPES OF PROCESSORS

Basically there are two primary operator of computer
microprocessors.

1       
Intel

2       
Advanced
Micro Devices(AMD)

Intel is an American multination company;
the headquarters are situated in Santa Clara, California. It manufactures most
of the microprocessors in the world. Intel corporation was established on july
18,1968.

Advanced micro devices (AMD) is also
an American multinational company that develops computer processors. It was
developed in 2009.

            ALTERNATIVE OF CPU            

There are lots of substitute that we
can use instead of cpu here are some examples

AIDA64

Speccy

PC Wizard

WinAudit

HWM BlackBox

Rainmeter

                        FUTURE OF CPU

In future there will be lots of
inventions that will take place in the sector of cpu. There was a report from
the PC World from intel technology and manufacturing day in San
Francisco highlighted the new heterogeneous CPU design made possible by this
new EMIB interface. The new bridge promises a huge amount of bandwidth to allow
different chips to be able to talk to each other at speeds in the “multi
hundreds of gigabytes,” according to Intel’s Murthy Renduchintala.

https://www.pcgamesn.com/intel/intel-new-stacked-cpu-design

 

 

Citations used

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Central_processing_unit

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                                                                 Jobanpreet
Singh

                                                                                 0699964

                                                                                 Central
processing unit

 

                                                           

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