The trip by five countries of the president of
the United States, Donald Trump has been identified as the longest trip by Asia
of an American president in decades. Between its scales, which include Japan,
South Korea, China, Vietnam and the Philippines, both Allied States and rivals
of the North American power have been chosen and, most of them, with a certain
strategic value for the United States in economic matters but , mainly,
security. To this we must add the APEC meeting, which will also be attended by
leaders from other States of the region and even the President of Russia, with
whom President Trump reiterated the convenience of maintaining good relations
and that of ASEAN, two of the forums economic and political interests in the
region.

 

               A priori, this trip could lead to highlight
the importance of the Asia-Pacific region, renamed this trip as Indo-Pacific
region, for the foreign policy of the United States. This end is not easy to
refute. Since the presidency of his predecessor, Barack Obama, the Asia-Pacific
region was considered one of the key strategic scenarios for US foreign policy.
Key issues such as the growth of China as a potential rival for regional
hegemony, the territorial conflicts in the South and East China seas, the
growing challenges to the regional security of powers such as North Korea and
the growing economic and commercial importance of the region, they caused that
this one was considered of priority interest for the American foreign policy in
different speeches and strategic documents. Strategies such as the famous Pivot
or Turn to the Pacific, defended by decision makers of the Administration and
supported by leaders such as President Obama himself, self-proclaimed
“first US president of the Pacific”, Secretary of State Hillary
Clinton, National Security Adviser Tom Donilon or the Assistant Secretary of
State for East Asia and the Pacific Kurt Campbell, were justified in these
terms. This strategy aimed to increase the presence of the United States in the
region in order to face these regional challenges. 

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