The cloning of life Ever since cloning has be an idea there has been a moral debate between scientist, the government and the population on weather or not they should explore cloning with animals and or humans.

Many people believed that cloning was going against god or trying to create life as if the scientist are gods. I believe that the cloning of animals and humans should be explored. If we could figure out how to clone specific things we would be able to grow new body parts as we need them. For example in the movie John Q his son would of been able to have a new heart grown for him instead of having to wait for someone to die. That being said I think we would need to agree on a strict set of rules that must be followed to prevent the unthinkable from happening. The history of cloning is alot older than most people suspect.  Although the idea of cloning seems futuristic the first ever demonstration of artificial embryo twinning took place in 1885. Hans Adolf Eduard Driesch cloned a sea euchent which was a major leap in science especially for the time period.

 In 1996 over 100 years later dolly the sheep, the first large animal was cloned. Wilmut and Campbell created a lamb by transferring the nucleus from an adult sheep’s udder cell into an enucleated egg. Never before had a mammal been cloned from an adult somatic cell. The reason this is so groundbreaking is because every cell’s nucleus contains a complete set of genetic information.

However embryonic cells are ready to activate any gene, differentiated adult cells have shut down the genes that they don’t need for their specific functions. When an adult cell nucleus is used as a donor, its genetic information must be reset to an embryonic state. Often the resetting process is incomplete, and the embryos fail to develop.

This could be extremely useful for growing new body parts like i mentioned before. If we could use this on humans it means we would be able to clone what we need using adult cells. Of 277 attempts, only one produced an embryo that was carried to term in a surrogate mother. This created the famous dolly the sheep. This started conversations about the uses of cloning, bringing controversies over human cloning and stem cell research into the public eye. One of the reasons it took 100 years to get this far is because of how controversial the idea of cloning is. Many scientist are religious and believe that cloning is going against god. They believe that this was the work of mad scientist you read about in horror novels.

 Many people argue whether the risks outweigh the benefits of experimenting with cloning. A believe done properly and responsibly cloning could be extremely helpful. In 2009 Endangered animals cloned by somatic cell nuclear transfer.

Scientists began to explore cloning as a way to save animals in the endangered or extinct species list . The challenge to cloning endangered and extinct species is finding animals that are closely related animals to serve as egg donors and surrogates. The gaur and mouflon were used  because they are close relatives of cattle and sheep.In 2009, using goat as egg donors and surrogates, a group of scientist cloned the first extinct animal a Spanish mountain goat called the bucardo.

This is just one example of the benefits of cloning. We could possibly bring back animals that have been extinct for thousands or even millions of years. We would be able to learn an unimaginable amount from them. Another huge benefit would be cloning specific body parts. Being able to do this would revolutionize science and healthcare. You could have a heart grown for you on demand that would be a perfect match. Currently you would have to wait for someone to die for you to even hope to get what you need.

Even then there is often a waiting list with thousands of people on in. Most of them die before they ever even come close to getting a new heart. These are just some of the most groundbreaking innovations that could happen with cloning, there are far more that you could possibly imagine. A lot of people worry about all the possible evil things cloning can do, and without the proper regulations and supervision these could definitely happen.

One big concern is scientist using clones to experiment on. These would be the perfect test subjects they could be produced in huge numbers and all the exact same. Another issue that would have to be addressed is are the clones considered humans, and if they will get all the same rights as us. Also who would the clones belong to? Would it be the government, the company that cloned then or the donners who provided the cells. Another big concern is life span.

In all the animal tests the clones lived significantly shorty lives. This is because they are a lot more susceptible to birth defects and diseases. A Lot of people dont believe its right to clone someone with an extremely high chance of dying young.

I agree with this and think we should wait until it becomes safer and more regulated before any human experiments start. This for example is why we would need to government to closely control cloning outlining strict rules to prevent anything like this from happening. Another big moral dilemma some people are having including scientist is the thought of playing god. Most scientist and governments are religious and the thought of creating their own form of life goes against some of there believes. All and all there obviously are risks involved in cloning, however I believe with the proper structure in place cloning can be save and controlled.


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