Terrorism has many forms and is caused by different reasons, often more than one.
Its root cause could be religious, social or political conflicts between two communities. Terrorist activity could be singular acts related to a particular cause like to assassinate someone or it could be a part of an ongoing campaign like a war.2 so, the major causes of terrorism are social and political injustice, belief in violence or its threats, religious or illiteracy.
3Civil war is one of the major causes of terrorism. It creates breeding grounds for terrorist groups. Civil war produces ‘vicious circle of grievances’, it displaces people from their homes; they have to lose their loved ones in front of their eyes. When the government is destabilized and collapses, it develops more terrorism and increases capability to wrong doings. Like if there is no law and order, robbery and killing may increase because there is no one to arrest or punish, as the government is not functioning because of civil war. Briefly, wars in general create opportunities for groups, and at the same time create grievances that the groups feed on4.
Today, the greatest problem faced by Pakistan is terrorism. The leading causes of this being illiteracy, poverty, injustice and Pakistan’s participation in the Afghan War. Our economy and political stability are badly damaged. It not only affected the social sectors but also the national security and integrity. Pakistan’s government has also failed to impose proper law and order. Although Pakistan army took successful operations like Zarb-e-Azab against terrorism, but the main thing is to suppress the cause’s first.5Though terrorism is a global issue, but unfortunately Pakistan has to bear the burnt.
Along with internal problems, many external hands or conspiracies are also involved in worsening the situation. Suicide bombing has also become a nightmare for the whole nation; it has not only taken countless innocent lives but has also destroyed the image of Islam. Markets, mosques, educational institutes, offices, hospitals, or even parks, no place is safe anymore. Pakistan is in a constant state of war against terrorism.6Pakistan has gone through many terrorist attacks for the last few years. The worst of all occurred on 16th December 2014, when the Tehrik-e-Taliban (TTP) conducted a terrorist attack on the Army Public School in the northwestern Pakistani city of Peshawar.
Six gunmen entered the school and opened fire on the school staff and children. In that unpleasant incident 149 people were killed, 132 of them being school children ranging between eight and sixteen years of age. Pakistan Army’s Special Services Group (SSG) conducted a rescue operation killing all six terrorists and rescued 960 people.
7Terrorism is a hazard for mankind. Today the whole world is severely damaged or terrorized by extremism. The common concept of ‘terrorist’ brings the image of bearded Muslim men with Kalashnikov in hand, intending to kill any thought, person, or object which is against their narrow fundamentalist ideology. But contrary to common perception, the problem of terrorism is much greater than that of a Muslim one and stretches and touches every nation and age.
8Terrorism is the greatest crime of all as it involves killing of innocent citizens. These days it is one of the widespread issues. 15 years ago after 9/11, George W. Bush declared “war on terror would not end until every terrorist group of the global reach has been found, stopped and defeated.” The results of this were quite disheartening as the war only brought more terror. The death toll is increasing as there are frequent terrorist attacks in London, Paris, United States, Turkey, Bangladesh, Iraq and Pakistan.
Terrorism is significantly worse in the Middle East because of the civil wars in Iraq, Afghanistan and Syria; they thus form major breeding grounds for terrorist groups.9Now the question is how to eradicate terrorism, it is becoming so global and widespread that now it is not an issue of a single nation, it is a joint problem and frightening for all. The world should join hands to fight against terrorism. Every single individual has to play its role.
To estimate the growing terrorism, every government should take serious and remedial steps. The first and foremost duty of any government is to educate its citizens and create awareness among them, as it is very easy to brainwash an uneducated mind and use it for violence. According to a survey, it is proven that mostly innocent, illiterate people become the victim of violence. Secondly, the government should be responsible to provide employment to all.
Unemployment and poverty are also the two major causes forcing people towards unwanted activities. Just to be wealthy and earn money, people get involved in illegal activities like terrorism. Next, the law and order department of the country should be strong and independent to perform fairly. Hard and powerful laws should be made for criminals.10Form an international perspective, terrorism is the biggest threat to the whole world.
Recently, America, one of the most powerful and supreme nation, is the main reason for adversity of terrorist bombard. If we want to stop terrorism, we need to stop supporting the terrorists. Just for personal interest or to rule the world, one should not support directly or indirectly, the terrorists through weapons, training and funding.11Saudi Arabia is considered the world’s largest sponsor of radical Islamic groups, Salafis (ISIS and Al-Qaeda) and ‘madrassas’ in which Islamic radicalism is spread. According to sworn declaration from a 9/11 Commission and Co-Chair of the Congressional Inquiry into 9/11, the Saudi government backed the 9/11 hijackers.
Although 9/11 is one of the largest terrorist attacking American history, but is getting cover. Many high level American officials, military leaders, intelligence officials and 9/11 commissioners are dissatisfied with the investigation, and no action is taken against the Saudi government, this motivates Arab terrorists. If US stop’s