Technology andInnovation is transcending all the barriers. Internet as we all know is aglobal network where people across the globe can share information amongthemselves in just one click. But what is ‘INTERNET OF THINGS’, I know most of youhaven’t heard of this term and will use their knowledge of etymology to decryptit to be something related to the internet. But you need to stroke your brainharder, because it isn’t only about the internet, rather, it is a network wherevarious physical devices, appliances and much more are connected to each otherand share information among themselves.How does this impact you?Now the next thingpopping in your minds would be questions like whyon earth would you want so many connected devices talking to each other and whathelp will it do to us? Imagine yourself driving your car to the garage and theshed opens automatically.

And what if your alarmclock wakes up you at 6 a.m. and then notifies your coffee maker to startbrewing coffee for you? Do you know how it is done, Yes! You are incorrect line of thought that is the Internet of Things (IoT). Otherapplications are smartphone controlled refrigerator, air purifiers, in-houselighting system and countless others that are a part of our daily life.HistoryThe term”Internet of Things” was coined by Kevin Ashton (one of the founders of the original Auto-IDCenter) from Procter & Gamble. It was first appliedonto a modified Coke machine at CarnegieMellon University back in 1982 which was able to report its inventory andwhether newly loaded drinks were cold. The idea became popular in 1999, throughthe Auto-ID Center at MIT. Radio-frequency identification (RFID)was seen by Mr.

Kevin Ashton as a prerequisite for the Internet of thingsat that point. Apart from using RFID, the tagging of things may beachieved via similar technologies such as barcodes, QR codes, near fieldcommunication and digital watermarking. ApplicationsExperts say IoT will consist of about 30 billion objects by 2020,and the global market value of IoT will reach around $1.9 Trillion.Source: GartnerIoT has become so commonthat we don’t even realize that which appliance may be using this principle,that is why it is said, its beautify can never be quantified.

Few of theapplications are explained as follows –Smart HomeGone are the days when weused to control the lighting and other electronic devices manually. Noweverything is a touch away, you can control each of them leaning on your couchremotely through your smartphone and the answer to that is Smart Home.Source: www.google.comMost of the products areavailable in one of the four protocols (medium of communication between them)and all of them are compatible with the internet and the smartphones. These areX10, Z-Wave, UPB and EnOcean. Products with same protocol offer the ability toadd products and hardware at the homeowners own pace and budget.

 Smart ManufacturingWith the dawn of thefourth industrial revolution (Industry 4.0) and digital transformation oftechnology, manufacturing industry becomes the sector where the most industrialIoT (IIoT) projects are realized and investments are made. But what exactly isthis ‘Smart Manufacturing’? In laymanlanguage it is the use of IoT devices to improvethe efficiency and productivity of the manufacturing operations. Source: www.google.comIn asmart factory every equipment is connected.

Since manufacturers are aware ofasset health and remaining useful life of the assets, they can optimizedifferent stages of the production process. Conditional monitoring powered withanalytics can help relate current and historical data to anticipate equipmentfailure. Maintenance work can be scheduled in advance which can reduceunexpected down time as well as the costs associated with urgent orders ofreplacement parts and workers at short notice.     TransportationDo youremember the scene in the movie – Die Hard 4, where the protagonist talks to911 and gets the operator to start the vehicle stating an emergency situation.Isn’t it amazing how technology has evolved by now? Actually it has all beenpossible due to IoT.

Source: www.google.com Connected transportation involves outfitting vehicles withWi-Fi or other sensors to enable Internet connectivity during travel. Themost recent example is from Paris where an electric car sharing program calledAutoLib can be tracked through GPS and also enables the driver to reserveparking space anywhere in the city.       There are some smartphone applicationslike GasBuddy in Australia which help the drivers locate the cheapest gasolinestation. HealthcareSource: www.helpnetsecurity.

com 1.      Health Monitors –Thesedevices help the users to extract information like blood pressure, heart rateetc. while on the go.

These are generally used by daily users who keeps a checkon their health once a while. Some of them are – Fitbit, Muse headband, ViatomCheckme etc. 2.      Medical Wearables –Medicalwearables help doctors and nurses monitor patient’s data and inject timely druginto their body. Some of the most common wearables are – Portable InsulinPumps, Smartglasses and many more. 3.

      Internally embedded medical devices –Thesedevices are embedded inside the patient’s body and it helps in transmittinginformation wirelessly. They do it either using their protocols (discussedearlier) or by Bluetooth. The most common devices which we come across isPacemakers and Digital Pill.

  4.      Stationary medical devices –Thesedevices provide a cost and time effective way to monitor chronically illpatients. They are also the most targeted group by thieves to steal mass amountof patient’s data. Few examples are – Chemotherapy Dispensing Stations, Smart beds that can detect when they are occupied andwhen a patient is attempting to get up.

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