Technology and
Innovation is transcending all the barriers. Internet as we all know is a
global network where people across the globe can share information among
themselves in just one click. But what is ‘INTERNET OF THINGS’, I know most of you
haven’t heard of this term and will use their knowledge of etymology to decrypt
it to be something related to the internet. But you need to stroke your brain
harder, because it isn’t only about the internet, rather, it is a network where
various physical devices, appliances and much more are connected to each other
and share information among themselves.

How does this impact you?

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Now the next thing
popping in your minds would be questions like why
on earth would you want so many connected devices talking to each other and what
help will it do to us? Imagine yourself driving your car to the garage and the
shed opens automatically. And what if your alarm
clock wakes up you at 6 a.m. and then notifies your coffee maker to start
brewing coffee for you? Do you know how it is done, Yes! You are in
correct line of thought that is the Internet of Things (IoT). Other
applications are smartphone controlled refrigerator, air purifiers, in-house
lighting system and countless others that are a part of our daily life.


The term
“Internet of Things” was coined by Kevin Ashton (one of the founders of the original Auto-ID
Center) from Procter & Gamble. It was first applied
onto a modified Coke machine at Carnegie
Mellon University back in 1982 which was able to report its inventory and
whether newly loaded drinks were cold. The idea became popular in 1999, through
the Auto-ID Center at MIT. Radio-frequency identification (RFID)
was seen by Mr. Kevin Ashton as a prerequisite for the Internet of things
at that point. Apart from using RFID, the tagging of things may be
achieved via similar technologies such as barcodes, QR codes, near field
communication and digital watermarking.



Experts say IoT will consist of about 30 billion objects by 2020,
and the global market value of IoT will reach around $1.9 Trillion.

Source: Gartner

IoT has become so common
that we don’t even realize that which appliance may be using this principle,
that is why it is said, its beautify can never be quantified. Few of the
applications are explained as follows –

Smart Home

Gone are the days when we
used to control the lighting and other electronic devices manually. Now
everything is a touch away, you can control each of them leaning on your couch
remotely through your smartphone and the answer to that is Smart Home.


Most of the products are
available in one of the four protocols (medium of communication between them)
and all of them are compatible with the internet and the smartphones. These are
X10, Z-Wave, UPB and EnOcean. Products with same protocol offer the ability to
add products and hardware at the homeowners own pace and budget.


Smart Manufacturing

With the dawn of the
fourth industrial revolution (Industry 4.0) and digital transformation of
technology, manufacturing industry becomes the sector where the most industrial
IoT (IIoT) projects are realized and investments are made. But what exactly is
this ‘Smart Manufacturing’? In layman
language it is the use of IoT devices to improve
the efficiency and productivity of the manufacturing operations.


In a
smart factory every equipment is connected. Since manufacturers are aware of
asset health and remaining useful life of the assets, they can optimize
different stages of the production process. Conditional monitoring powered with
analytics can help relate current and historical data to anticipate equipment
failure. Maintenance work can be scheduled in advance which can reduce
unexpected down time as well as the costs associated with urgent orders of
replacement parts and workers at short notice.






Do you
remember the scene in the movie – Die Hard 4, where the protagonist talks to
911 and gets the operator to start the vehicle stating an emergency situation.
Isn’t it amazing how technology has evolved by now? Actually it has all been
possible due to IoT.



Connected transportation involves outfitting vehicles with
Wi-Fi or other sensors to enable Internet connectivity during travel. The
most recent example is from Paris where an electric car sharing program called
AutoLib can be tracked through GPS and also enables the driver to reserve
parking space anywhere in the city.       There are some smartphone applications
like GasBuddy in Australia which help the drivers locate the cheapest gasoline





1.      Health Monitors –

devices help the users to extract information like blood pressure, heart rate
etc. while on the go. These are generally used by daily users who keeps a check
on their health once a while. Some of them are – Fitbit, Muse headband, Viatom
Checkme etc.


2.      Medical Wearables –

wearables help doctors and nurses monitor patient’s data and inject timely drug
into their body. Some of the most common wearables are – Portable Insulin
Pumps, Smartglasses and many more.


3.      Internally embedded medical devices –

devices are embedded inside the patient’s body and it helps in transmitting
information wirelessly. They do it either using their protocols (discussed
earlier) or by Bluetooth. The most common devices which we come across is
Pacemakers and Digital Pill.



4.      Stationary medical devices –

devices provide a cost and time effective way to monitor chronically ill
patients. They are also the most targeted group by thieves to steal mass amount
of patient’s data. Few examples are – Chemotherapy Dispensing Stations, Smart beds that can detect when they are occupied and
when a patient is attempting to get up.


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