SummaryIn the first study; “Breast cancer mortality in neighbouring European countries withdifferent levels of screening but similar access to treatment: trend analysisof WHO mortality database” the authors “compared the mortality rates forbreast cancer and its relation to mammography screening in three neighbouringEuropean countries” (Autier, Boniol, Vatten, 2011). The results of the studyconcluded that in fact “screening did not have a direct effect in reducingbreast cancer mortality rates” (Autier et al, 2011). In the second study; “Effectiveness of and overdiagnosis from mammography screening in theNetherlands: population based study” the authors “analyzed stage specificincidence of breast cancer and women’s participation in a mammography screeningtrial in the Netherlands, and then assessed any changes in breast cancermortality and quantified overdiagnosis” (Autier, Boniol, Koechlin, Pizot,2017).

The results of the study indicated “mammography screeningprogramme had little impact on advanced breast cancer and therefore minoreffect on mortality rates” (Autier et al, 2017).  Critical AnalysisI believe that the headline in the newspaper: “Mammographyscreening reduces mortality rates from breast cancer” is not an accuratestatement. Based on the primary articles mentioned above, “mammographyscreening has very minimum effect on breast cancer mortality rates” (Autier etal, 2017). The first article was published on The BMJ; aninternational peer reviewed medical journal in July of 2011. The authors are; Autier,P.

, Boniol, M., Gavin, A., & Vatten, L. J.

Autier is an epidemiologist whohas focused his research on cancer. His main contribution has been to theunderstanding the role of UV exposure in cancer development. The works cited inthis article provide verification and further understanding of the topic. Thepurpose of the study is to understand the relationship between mammographyscreening and breast cancer mortality rates. The subject is approached from anobjective standpoint and proven with factual data. The research is proven and evaluated based on theCRAAP test as discussed above. To provide more accuracy and findings towardsthis subject more research needs to be done in other continents and countriesso the same or a different pattern can be observed.

The second article was also published on The BMJ inDecember of 2017. The authors are; Autier, P., Boniol, M.

, Koechlin, A., &Pizot, C. Autier is an epidemiologist who has focused his research on cancer.His main contribution has been to the understanding the role of UV exposure incancer development.

The works cited in this article provide verification andfurther understanding of the topic. The purpose of the study is to evaluate theeffectiveness of mammography screening on mortality in staged breast cancerpatients. The subject is approached from an objective standpoint and theresults are proven with factual evidence.

The research is proven and evaluated based on the CRAAPtest as discussed above. To provide more accuracy for the subject more researchneeds to be done outside of the Netherlands. Also including patients in lowerstages of breast cancer as well as women without the diagnosis to the study.   References 1. Autier, P., Boniol, M., Gavin, A.

, & Vatten, L.J. (2011, July 28).

Breast cancer mortality in             neighbouringEuropean countries with different levels of screening but similar access to             treatment:trend analysis of WHO mortality database. Retrieved January 26, 2018, from             https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3145837/  Keywords MeSH terms Cancer, Breast cancer, Mortality, Mortality rate, Breast cancer mortality, Mammography, Mammography screening, Prognosis, Screening Breast cancer, Mortality, Screening  2. Autier, P.

, Boniol, M., Koechlin, A., & Pizot,C. (2017, December 05).             Effectivenessof and overdiagnosis from mammography screening in the Netherlands:             populationbased study. Retrieved January 26, 2018, from       http://www.bmj.com/content/359/bmj.j5224  Keywords MeSH terms Cancer, Breast cancer, Mortality, Mortality rate, Breast cancer mortality, Mammography, Mammography screening, Prognosis, Screening Mammography screening, Effectiveness  

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