Some places that have banned the scale of any cosmetics or cosmetics ingredients that have been tested on animals are the European Union, Israel, and India. Unfortunately, in the United States there is no ban on testing on animals. “The first steps towards a complete ban were taken in 2004, when animal testing of finished cosmetic products was eliminated across the European Union. Then in 2009, the law was extended to make it illegal to test cosmetic ingredients on animals as well. And finally, on March 11th 2013, the Cosmetics Directive came into full force and a complete ban on the sale of any new cosmetic products whose ingredients have been tested on animals was imposed across the European Union.” If a company wants to sell a product within the European Union, the product must not be tested on animals. But, if the same company wants to sell a different product outside of the European Union, they can test that product on animals. Some animals that are tested on for cosmetics are rabbits, rats, mice, guinea pigs, hamsters, cats, dogs, mini-pigs, farm animals, and fish. Rabbits are tested on because they have no tear ducts, unlike humans, so they won’t cry if a harmful substance is put in their eyes. More than 170,000 rabbits are killed and abused each year in laboratories. Rats are tested on because they are small and easy to handle and transport unlike larger animals that are more likely to freak out if they are injected with something. They are also comparatively harmless. 100 million mice and rats are killed every year in laboratories in the United States. Cats are tested on to find out which products could possibly cause a seizure. More than 22,000 cats are abused and killed in U.S. labs every year. Testing on animals in america is expensive. The United States spends $16 billion annually on animal testing with taxpayers’ money. It is also a massive waste and terrible management of taxpayers’ dollars. The money they use on animal testing could be used on the nation’s elderly, such as medicare or medicine. A lot of this cruelty is supported by National Institutes of Health, which gives out 40% of its research budget to animal experiments every year. Some colleges that take part in animal testing are Ohio State University, University of Wisconsin-Madison, and Harvard University. They all spend over a million dollars on animal testing. Harvard alone spends about $16 million a year for testing drug addictions on monkeys.