Socialand economic development is the main aim of rural development for rural people,especially to bring about sustained improvement in their living conditionthrough an increase in their income and access to social goods.  The status of women is intimately connectedwith their economic status, which in turn, depends upon rights, role andopportunity for the participation in economic activities.  The economic status of women is now acceptedas an indicator of a societal development stage. However, all development doesnot result in improving women economic activities.

Pattern of the economicdevelopment.  Government  implements different progammes to improve thesocial and economic development in rural India.Theintroduction of national Rural employment Guarantee scheme  (NREGS) is one of the affirmativeprogramme.  The national Rural employmentGuarantee  Act was enacted in  September 2005.  The national Rural employment Guaranteescheme was launched  on 02.02.2006 andwas initially implement in six districts in Tamilnadu, viz., Cuddalore,Dindigul, Nagapattinam, Sivagangai, Thiruvannamalai and vilupuram from02.

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02.2006. onwards and in four more districts viz.  Thanjavur, Thiruvarur, Tirunelveli and karurfrom 01.04.2007 onwards. From 01.04.

2008 onwards, the scheme was extended tothe remaining twenty one districts of the state.  Thus, the MGNREGA covers the entire countrywith the exception of districts that have a hundred percent urban population.Themandate of the Act is to provide 100 days guaranteed wage employment on demandin a financial year to every household whose adult members volunteer to dounskilled manual work.  Besides havingthe potential of creating useful assets, strengthening democracy and decentralizationby affecting transparency and accountability this flashing programme of thegovernment endeavours to empowerment of the socially disadvantaged, especiallywomen, scheduled castes and scheduled tribes, through the process of aright-based legislation.  Thus, MGNREGAwith twin objectives of rural employment and development generating works mustbe targeted a set of specific rural development activities.1.2.

  Statement of the problemThisstudy focuses on the impact of mahatma Gandhi national Rural Employment guaranteeact among rural women.  Presently, theMGNREGA is being implement in all rural districts of the country.  MGNREGA has resulted into major financialinclusion where in accounts have been opened Bank or post office for thefamilies getting employment.  Ministryhas advised all the state governments to ensure payment of wages fully throughthe accounts.  The figures from thesurvey conducted in different states indicated an impressive participation ofwomen in the employment general through MGNREGA.  The highest employment status among womenworked in terms of person days can be seen in 2014-15, Kerala (87.03%) this isfollowed by puducherry (85.

4%), Tamilnaddu (79.75%) Goa (76.05%) and Rajasthan(62.34%).  Among the above data Tamilnaduselected as a sample area for this study. The present study has made an attempt to know the impact of MGNREGAamong rural women.1.

3.  Scopeof  the study:Asregards the scope of India’s rural development one may note that India’sresources are very rich. It has man power, which is 1/5th of theworld human population.  Animportant  goal  of development planning in India is toprovide for increasing employment opportunities to all irrespective of genderwho are willing to do unskilled  workwhich not only to meet the backlog of the unemployment, but also the  economy together with acceleration ineconomic growth has resulted in structural changes in the natural of the jobmarket.

  The primary aim of the Ninthplan was to generate productive employment in growth process itself byconcentrating on sectors, sub-sectors, and technologies which are more labourintensive in regions characterized by higher rates of unemployment andunder-employment.  The tenth and eleventhfive year plans have noticed that employment growth should exceed growth of laborforce to reduce the backlog of unemployment.            Inthis direction, a few evaluative studies have been conducted which focus mainlyon the impact of each programme separately on income and employment generation.In this study, the attitude of women beneficiaries towards  MGNREGA and to study the socio-economicimpact of MGNREGA on women beneficiaries are highlighted as mainobjectives.  The study would alsothrow  light on the relationship betweenthe attitude of MGNREGA women beneficiaries with the independent variablesconsidered.  In addition the study alsohelps to know the profile of MGNREGA women beneficiaries and also helps todocuments the constraints and suggestions of women beneficiaries on effectiveimplementation of MGNREGA programme.  Thefindings will be of immense practical utility to administrators, policy makersand academicians/ extension personnel in the field of rural employmentgenerating programmes to understand the lacunae and implement the programmesmore effectively keeping in view of women beneficiaries enrolled.

1.4 Important of the MGNREGAMGNREGAis a very important programme implemented throughout the country. Day by day anumber of new activities are added under this act.  As such no study has yet been conducted toassess different activities under MGNREGA in Dharmapuri district so this is the right time to conduct a study ondifferent initiative of rural development under MGNREGA.MGNREGAaims to achieve the objectives as enunciated in the Article:41 of the Indianconstitution-“giving citizens the right to work”. The act is significant due tothe following reasons:·       While the earlier wageemployment programmes did not provide any guarantee of job, this Act providedguaranteed job.  This guarantee for wageemployment is now uniformed all over the country like never before.

·       It is a developmentinitiative, chipping with essential public investment for creation of durableassets, without which the growth process cannot be possible in the mostbackward region of rural India.·       Almost all the previousprogrammes were allocation based rather than demand based. NREGA, which waslaunched in 2006, is considered to be unique from this stand point.·       The key element ofMGNREGA is the provision of employment by the state to those people who areunable to find alternative employment, which provides a form of social safetynet to the rural unemployed people.·       In other wage employmentprogrammes, anyone can be engaged as labour while in MGNREGA only job cardholders that apply for employment can be engaged as labourers.

·       There is no time frame inother wage employment programmes but is MGNREGA, employment will be givenwithin 15 days of demand, payment also within 15 days of demand, payment alsowithin 15 days of work.·       In order wage employmentprogramme the duration of employment is dependent on duration of work byimplementing agency while in MGNREGA, a job card holder applies for maximum 100days.1.5. Objective of the study.1.      Tomeasure the satisfaction level of women beneficiaries through MGNREGA.2.

      Toexamine the employment and unemployment status of women in rural areas.3.      Tostudy of the socio economic profile of the study area and the sample ruralwomen respondents.

4.      Thefind out the problem faced by rural women while participating in MGNREGS.1.6. Growth performance of MGNREGA in TamilnaduTheMGNREGP was launched on 02.

02.2006 and was initially implemented   in six district viz., Cuddalore, Dindigul,Nagapattinam, Sivagangai, Thiruvannamalai and vilupuram from 02.02.2006.onwards and in four more districts viz. Thanjavur, Thiruvarur, Tirunelveli and karur from 01.

04.2007 onwards.From 01.04.

2008 onwards, the scheme was extended to the remaining 20districts  of the state which are:  Ariyalur, Dharmapuri, perambalur, pudukottai, Ramanathapuram, Namakkal,vellore, Thoothukudi, Virudunagar, salem, Erode, Thiruchirapalli, kancheepuram,Theni, Tiruvallur. Madurai, Nilgiris, kanniyakumari, Coimbatore, kirhangiri,and Tiruppur, Including the total number of blocks are 385 numbers of panchayatsis 12,524 and number of village is 79,336 5,6.MahathmaGandhi national rural employment guarantee scheme (MGNREGS) in Tamilnaduensures 100 percent unskilled manual works. To improve the quality of assets create under MGNREGS and to enhance thelivelihood opportunities of the rural masses, the state has institutionalizedan approach of resources convergence by inter weaving MGNREGS with other publicworks programs.

  The manual work needs tocreate sustainable assets that promote to economic and infrastructuredevelopment of village.  Upto 2010-11 themajor works taken up were large water bodies and community assets.  The state has successfully implement MGNREGSin collaboration with agriculture, fisheries, horticulture and Nirmal BharatAbhiyan (NBA) etc., the MGNREP is given more priorities to employmentopportunity of rural people in Tamilnadu. MGNREP provide household employment to 62,39,073 people in Tamilnaduduring the period of 2006-07 to 2013-14.

 The number of household hold employment has increased from 683481 in2000-01 to 6239073 in 2013-14.  Due tofavor of government policies, the participation of person days of women alsoincreased 7.          There are many studies availableregarding MGNREGS prospects and problems only few have attempted to study theperformance over a period, taxing more than one point of time for thestudy.  The present study has made anattempt for understanding rural manpower utilization in MGNREGS in dindiguldistrict, Tamilnadu.1.7.

Research Methodology:A)  Selectionof the district: Dharmapuri district of Tamilnaduwill be purposively selected for the above investigation, on the basis of thehighest employment status among women worked (83.71%) through MGNREGAprogramme.  The research belong to thesame district, thus will help for in depth interaction in collecting the data.B)   Selectionof the block: The present study will be conduct inNallampalli block of Dharmapuri district, on the basis ofthe highest employment status among women worked (89.92%) through MGNREGAprogramme.

C)  Selectionof panchayat: There are 9 panchayats in this blockout of which 2 panchayats that includes 6 which are village selected for theabove investigation.1.8.1. Selection of RespondentsMGNREGAwomen beneficiaries in Nallampalli blockis 11,368 out of which 150 samples will be randomly selected from  Echampatti and Thoppur for the presentinvestigation.

1.8.2. Collection of data          For data collection interviewschedule through regional language will be used by the research.  The researcher will conduct interview withthe respondents to collect the data. Primary data and Secondary data1.

8.3. Tools used          Construction of research tool toachieve objectives of the research is an important step in any research.

  Keeping in mind the subject matter and theobjective of the study, an interview schedule will be developed after goingthrough relevant literature, conferring with the personals of the MGNREGA womenbeneficiaries.  Simple statistical toolslike averages, percentages ect.  Whereused to find out the changes in these parameters, which were then tested forstatistical significance using chi-square. & Factors analysis was used.1.8.

4. Hypothesis of thestudy:For the purpose of the above objectives, thefollowing hypotheses have been framed and tested:1.      The demographic factors have no significantassociation over the level of     satisfaction on the availability of joining MGNREGA.2.      There is no significant difference betweenmean scores of level of satisfaction over availability and women Beneficiaries.3.      The demographic factors have no significantassociation over the level of influence of advertisements on newly formedassociation.

4.      There is no significant difference among meanscores of the level of satisfaction  overavailability and different age group of respondents.1.9.

Limitation of thestudy:          Since the study was conducted by astudent research who had limited time and other resources at her disposal, thestudy was confined to only three taluks where highest number of womenbeneficiaries have employed in Dharmapuri  district. The study did not suffer due to any unusal limitations other than thecommon ones like time, finance, mobility and physical facilities.  Inspite of these, every effort was made bythe researcher to conduct the study as objective as possible by deliberatelyfollowing all norms of the scientific research by carrying out theinvestigation  in the actual place ofprogramme implementation involving systematically employed womenbeneficiaries.  Hence, the findings ofthe study cannot be generalized.

  Thestudy is based on the expressed opinions of the respondents, which may not befree from their individual subjective perception and biases inspite of theresearcher’s effort to get them as objectively as possible.


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