Skin care, an elementary element of basic care,
reflects on the quality of care that a patient receives in hospital. Quality
care aimed toward preventing and minimizing skin breakdown and pressure ulcers
has been known together of the nursing analysis priority.Pressure lesion may be
a common downside in nursing apply and entails nice expenses for thepatients
yet as for the health care service. 1

 

           The
pressure that closes capillaries in healthy individuals is 25–32 millimetre of
Hg. Once pressure applied to the skin is bigger than this pressure within the
animal tissue, it will impair cellular metabolism. It decreases blood offer to
the tissue and eventually causes tissue anaemia, this reduction in blood flow
causes blanching of the skin. The longer the pressure lasts, the bigger is that
the risk of skin breakdown and development of pressure lesion. 2

 

Pressure ulcers area unit a standard, painful and dear
condition. Results of a 1991 study into the information among Dutch hospital
nurses on the utility of measures to forestall pressure ulcers showed moderate
information. Results were confirmed by future studies. 3        

 

 “National
Pressure lesion informatory Panel” (NPUAP) of the us of America defines
Pressure lesion as ‘lesions caused by undiminished pressure against soft
tissues, sometimes over the bony prominences. Risk issue for pressure lesion
embrace wetness, organic process deficits, shear, stress, friction, alterations
in quality etc. 4

 

            They
cause nice pain and square measure a supply of great general unwellness in some
and seriously impair health in different systems. They cause additional work
for nursing employees and also are the reason for feelings of guilt and
distress. They delay different patients care by a protracted keep in hospital,
typically 10-12 weeks for a grade four ulcer. 5

 

 

 

 

2

        
Rosemary Crow expressed that despite the mass of data on pressure sores,
nurses square measure still failing to reply to the challenge of their
preventive. For those that concerned in patient care, the important challenge
of pressure sores is to prevent them showing within the 1st place. 5