Signs and symptoms of Fragile XThe signs and symptomsof Fragile X can vary a lot from child to child. Some children are veryobviously affected, whereas others have more subtle symptoms.Physical characteristics Fragile X can be hard to spot physically. But some children with Fragile Xmight have the following physical features:·       long and narrow face·       prominent ears·       poor muscle tone – whichcan cause crossed eyes or a squint, extra curve in the spine or slack facemuscles (particularly in young children)·       loose joints (‘doublejoints’) that move a lot more than usual·       flat feet.Cognitive signs Intellectual disability and developmental delay are the most common features ofFragile X. Many children with Fragile X also have difficulties with fine motor skills, gross motor skills and delayedspeech development.

Cognitive signs Intellectual disability and developmental delay are the most common features ofFragile X. Many children with Fragile X also have difficulties with fine motorskills, gross motor skills and delayed speechdevelopment.Behaviour signs If your child has Fragile X, you might notice some that your child behavesdifferently from other children or has delayed development.Other common signs ofFragile X include:·       shyness and anxiety, particularly in new situations·       attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)·       characteristics of autism spectrum disorder·       repetitive speech·       sensitivity to touch ordislike of loud noises·       difficulty making eyecontact·       aggression. Associated medicalconcerns Children with Fragile X can have other medical concerns like:·       heart murmurs·       reflux·       ear infections ·       vision problems·       seizures.If your child has theseproblems, your paediatrician can diagnose them and help you find ways to managethem in everyday life.

Ability not disabilityChildren with Fragile Xoften have a strong sense of humour and enjoy having fun, which canhelp overcome their social anxieties. And they’re often really good at thingslike:·       learning visually, usingpictures or computers·       recognising words,numbers and patterns ·       remembering things, likesongs, movies or sports events ·       undertaking practical,relevant tasks ·       doing essential dailytasks ·       being compassionate,helpful and friendly.Children learn the mostfrom the people who care for them and with whom they spend most of their time,so everyday play and communication with your child can help her a lot.Diagnosis and testing for Fragile X syndromeFragile X can bediagnosed at any age, from before birth to adulthood. But the earlierit’s spotted the better, because early treatment can help childrenreach their full potential.All children who have anintellectual disability, developmental delay or autism should be tested forFragile X.It’s also a good idea tohave your child tested for Fragile X if:·       your family has ahistory of Fragile X syndrome, intellectual disability or developmental delay·       your child has thephysical features or behaviour of Fragile X (regardless of family history)·       your child hassignificant learning problems, trouble with understanding, ADHD or anxiety.

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