Shamsudin et al., (2017) said that WMSDs
is an occupational health issue which is actively being discussed over the
world. He further described that in Malaysia, there is a trend of increasing
over the years, particularly in the manufacturing sector (Shamsudin et al.,
2017). Social Security
Organization (SOCSO) Malaysia reported that WMSDs have increased from 15 to 161
cases from 2006 to 2009 and to 268 cases in 2011 and the most significant
industry is manufacturing (SOCSO, 2011). Moreover, according to The
Department of Occupational Safety and Health (DOSH) Malaysia, occupational
accidents for the category of death until August 2010, highest being by the
construction industry with 51%, followed by the manufacturing industry with
45%, agriculture with 26% and transportation with 10% (Rahman et al., 2012).
Bao et al., (2000) wrote that WMSDs are a major
concern of workers, unions, employers, and governmental organizations in many
industrialized countries due to the high prevalence and extensive costs
associated with these disorders. Also, in
a review of loss-based data made in 1993, ergonomic-related injuries are the
single greatest source of lost-time in the workplace and these injuries account
for between 33% and 40% of total worker compensation spending (Shamsudin et
al., 2017). Aziz et al., (2014) stated that the
financial implication of the problem is enormous as countries are spending tens
in billions of dollars on claims associated with the problem. Not only that,
WMSDs also results in low worker productivity (Xu et al., 2012), causing
approximately 34% of the annual lost time (Ontario Ministry of Labour, 2009).
This is because workers are not only more likely to be injured due to WMSDs,
but they also tend to slow down at work (Resnick and Zanotti, 1997). Hence,
many organizations and governments have put in place numerous programs to
alleviate the effect of WMSDs among their workforce. Thus, it is essential that the prevalence
of WMSDs is investigated in order to better understand the situation
specifically in the plastic manufacturing industry so that companies can
improve their ergonomic practices whilst being proactive in avoiding any
unnecessary costs due to WMSDs.

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