Seventy-three years have passed after themassively destructive World War II ended, but people have never stopped talkingand arguing about it.
One of the most controversial topics regarding the warwas whether United States’ decision to drop the atomic bombs on Japan is rightor wrong. Even though atomic bombs completely devastated Hiroshima andNagasaki, causing million deaths and thousand Agent Orange victims, it helpedto end the war sooner. The dropping of atomic bombs therefore was necessarysince it forced Japan to reduce their pride of nationalism and accepted tosurrender unconditionally, helped to ended Japanese domination in Asia, as wellas marked the ended of World War II. In 1940s, as warned by Albert Einstein,the United States started on developing atomic weapon. In July 1945, the firstatomic bomb demonstration was successful in Mexico. On August 6, 1945, UnitedStates dropped “Little Boy” – a five-ton atomic bomb over on Hiroshima, caused80,000 deaths immediately. On August 9 the same year, United States droppedanother atomic bomb called “Fat Man” on Nagasaki, killing nearly 40,000 morepeople. Totally, 2 atomic bombs caused deaths to more than 300,000 livesovertime from radiation poisoning.
The United States may have not dropped thebomb on two Japan major cities if Japan doesn’t dragged United States onto thewar. December 7, 1941, Japan surprisingly attacked United States naval base atPearl Harbor, Hawaii. Eight U.S Navy battleships were damaged, four were sunk, andone hundred eighty-eight aircraft were destroyed.
Moreover, 2,403 Americanswere killed and more than a thousand were wounded. As a result of Pearl Harbor attack, UnitedStates joined the war on the Allies side with Great Britain, France and Russia,against the Axis Powers of Germany, Italy and Japan. By the time the attackhappened, Germany and Hitler has been on it verge of fallen. United Stateswould like to end the war before Stalin and Communism could enter Japan.Despite United States’ effort to end the war soon by massive napalm raids andfirebombing, Japan still refused to surrender, as Japanese and their leadersbelieved that surrender is an act that dishonor their nation.On humanitarian aspects, the decision ofdropping the bombs is ethical even though it killed many people. Firstly, itsaves Japanese’s women lives. Alongside with the war against United States,Japan were also at many other wars against countries in Asia and the Pacific,especially the Soviet Union, and China.
Many Japanese men has been killed in these wars, and if America decidedto invaded Japan, the only troop they can fought against are women, littlechildren and old people. Atomic bombs have caused huge casualties in Hiroshimaand Nagasaki, but the result of American troops invading Japan would be muchworst. Secondly, atomic bomb helps to ended Japan cruel domination in Asia andthe Pacific. During Japan’s occupation over Asia, they have committed manycrimes. Japanese were the most abusive towards prisoner of wars, and they didthe cruelest biological experiment at Unit 731. Moreover, they operated thecomfortable women system, and functioned many biological and chemical warfareacross Asia. The Rape of Nanking in 1937 butchered 150,000 male POWs, raped20,000 women and killed more than 50,000 male civilians.
They were also liablefor the starvation of more than 200,000 Vietnamese in 1945, due to theJapanese’s cultivated of rubber plant and destroyed rice and crops.Despite all the destruction that atomicbombs made, it greatly contributed as a force for Japan to surrender. Before the decision to drop the atomic bomb,America had tried to uses other approaches to end the war. On May 24 and 25,America firebombing Tokyo, caused 100,000 civilian lives. They also operatednapalm raids that destroyed 62 cities.
They created blockade to made foodscarce and made it harder for Japanese military. Japanese government didn’t surrendereven though their countries were devastated; their citizens were dying, notuntil United States dropped 2 atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.”Icannot bear to see my innocent people suffer anylonger, ending the war is the only way to restore world peace and to relievethe nation from the terrible distress with which it is burdened.
” Quoted Emperor Hirohito at one of his meeting with Japanese officialsbefore they decided to surrender. On August 1, 1945, Japan announced theirsurrender to the Axis power, and the most destructive war – World War II ended.The war could have been dragged on longer with the rise of Communism; howeverthe atomic bombs stopped it. The used of atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki– two major cities of Japan were ethically rights since it is not only endedWord War II, but also ended Japan massive killing streak over Asia and thePacific, forced Japan to unconditionally surrender.
I knewwhat I was doing when I stopped the war that would have killed a half a millionyoungsters on both sides if those bombs had not been dropped. I have no regretsand, under the same circumstances, I would do it again””Iknew what I was doing when I stopped the war that would have killed a half amillion youngsters on both sides if those bombs had not been dropped. I have noregrets and, under the same circumstances, I would do it again”Quoted President Harry S. Truman on hisletter wrote to Irv Kupcinet of the Chicago Sun Times.