SELF MEDICATION PRACTICE AMONGSTALLOPATHIC, HOMEOPATHIC AND ENGINEERING STUDENTS A proposal submitted toIndian Council of Medical ResearchShort Term Studentship ProgramSTS-2018 Abhijeet Venkatrao Kalyankar Dr. P.D PorePrincipal Investigator Professor, Guide4th Semester Department of Community MedicineBharati Vidyapeeth Deemed to be UniversityMedical College, Pune – 411043Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed to be UniversityMedical College, Pune – 411043Department of Community Medicine Letter of Approval by ScientificCommittee The ICMR STS 2018 project protocol ofAbhijeet Venkatrao Kalyankar titled “SELF MEDICATION PRACTICE AMONGST ALLOPATHIC, HOMEOPATHIC AND ENGINEERINGSTUDENTS” was discussed and approved at the departmentScientific Committee held onThe meeting was attended by thefollowing dignitaries: INDEX S.No Topic Page No 1 INTRODUCTION 2 AIM AND OBJECTIVES 3 MATERIAL AND METHODS Half? 4 IMPLICATIONS OF STUDY 5 REFERENCES ? PERFORMA I SURVEY QUESIONNAIRE II PARTICIPANTS INFORMATION SHEET – III INFORMED CONSENT FORM – Reference ID:2018-02764Title: “SELF MEDICATION PRACTICE AMONGSTALLOPATHIC, HOMEOPATHIC AND ENGINEERING STUDENTS” Introduction:- Self-medication is defined as the use of medication bya patient on his own initiative or on the advice of a Pharmacist or a layperson instead of consulting a medical practitioner (WHO guidelines, 2000). It has traditionally been defined as “the taking ofdrugs, herbs or home remedies on one’s own initiative, or on the advice ofanother person, without consulting a doctor.”The most widely self-medicated substances are OTC drugs used to treat common health issues at home, aswell as dietary supplements. These do not require a doctor’s prescription toobtain and, in some countries, are available in supermarkets and conveniencestores. In postsecondary (university/college) students, self-medication of drugssuch as Paracetamol, Disprin, Azithromycin has been widely reported anddiscussed in literature.
The adverse consequences of such practices should always beemphasized to the community and steps to curb it. It would be safe, if thepeople who are using it, have sufficient knowledge about its dose, time ofintake, side effect on over dose, but due to lack of information it can causeserious effects such as antibiotic resistance, skin problem, hypersensitivityand allergy. Families, friends, neighbors, the pharmacist, previous prescribeddrug, or suggestions from an advertisement in newspapers or popular magazinesare common sources of self-medications.
Now-a-days, self-medication is seen asthe “desire and capability of an individual to act intelligent, and be independent,not only as a decision-maker but also for the management of the concernedpreventive, diagnostic and therapeutic activities. AIMTo study prevalanceof self-medication amongst ALLOPATHIC, HOMEOPATHIC AND ENGINEERING STUDENTS OBJECTIVE1To estimatepractice of self-medication amongst ALLOPATHIC, HOMEOPATHIC AND ENGINEERING STUDENTS 2 Tocompare the percentage of different groups of OTC drugs used for selfmedication MATERIALS AND METHOD1. Study Area:The study will be conducted among MBBS, BHMS and B.Tech students of Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed to be University, Pune2. Study Design: The research design will be ObservationalDescriptive Cross sectional study3. Study Population:Students in MBBS, BHMS, B.Tech Sample size estimation:It was reported for 88.5% UG students topractice Self Medication, for this study assuming prevalence of Self Medicationamong MBBS, BHMS and B.
Tech students to be same. Based on this, the sample size will be calculated using formulaN= 4pq WhereP= positive factor/prevalence/proportion= 88.5%Q= 100-p= 100-88.5 = 11.5% = allowable error or precision or variability = 10% of p= 10% of 88.
5 =8.85Therefore N= = = 51.99 So approximately 60 students each fromMBBS, BHMS, B.Tech will be selected from private colleges. Sampling TechniqueSimple Random Technique each for Students in MBBS, BHMS, B.
Tech of second year Inclusion criteria for participants1. Students present on the day of datacollection in class. Exclusion criteria for participants1. Students on leave on the day of survey 4. Study Duration: May 2018 to September 2018 5. Tools of data collection:a) A predesigned, pretested,questionnaire will be used to collect data.6.Variableused in study: · age· education (BHMS, MBBS, B.
Tech)· parent’s occupation 7.AnticipatedRisk factor: Nil8.Method ofdata collection -collection by Questionnaire9.
Plan ofdata analysis References:-1. A questionnaire based regarding theknowledge, attitude and practice of self-medication among second yearundergraduate medical studentsIJPCS, vol6, Oct 2017 2. Montgomery AJ, Bradley C, Rochfort A, Panagopoulou E.
Areview of self-medication in physicians and medical students. Occup Med (Lond).2011;61(7):490-7. doi: 10.1093/occmed/kqr098. Epub 2011 Jul 4.
PubMed:217271793. Self-MedicationPractices among Medical Students of a Private Institute (Indian Journal ofPharmaceutical Sciences, March- April 2015)4. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice ofSelf-Medication among Medical Students) – IOSR Journal of Nursing and Health Science (IOSR-JNHS)DOI:10.9790/1959-04118996Implications:-a. The results of the study will give agood picture about the overall practice of self-medication in relevance todifferent fields.
b. Sample Population taking antibioticswithout any prescription can be made aware about the global issues faced due toantibiotic resistance.c. Sample Population will be encouragedto consult a qualified physician for the best diagnosis of disease and itstreatment. Questionnaire:-1) Initials: 2) Age (yrs): 3) Sex:4)parents occupation 5) Whether taken Self-medication or not? Y e s / No 6) If yes, whether practised self medication a) Always b)sometimes c) rarely 7) If yes, whethervisited to a qualified medical practitioner a) Always b) sometimes c) rarely 8) If yes, then which of the following was the source ofinformation of the drugs used for self medication? a) Classroomteaching b ) textbook c) advertisement d) previous prescription 9) If yes, then what was the source of the drugs used forself-medication? a) Medical store b) home c) doctor parents 10) According to you which of the following were the reasonsin favour of self medication? No need to visit the doctor for minor illness Quick relief Time saving Confidence on your knowledge about medicines Economical Ease and convenience Learning opportunity Crowd avoidance If any others (please specify) 11) According to you what were the indications for selfmedication? Headache Fever Cough, cold, sore throat Stomach ache Menstrual symptoms Vomiting Diarrhoea Ocular symptoms If any others (please specify) 12) According to you which of the following drugs were usedfor self medication? Analgesics antibiotics Multivitamins Antispasmodics Decongestants Lozenges If any others (please specify) 13) According to you which of the following were the reasonsfor not taking self medication? Lack of knowledge about medicines Risk of adverse effects Risk of using wrong drugs Risk of misdiagnosing Risk of drug dependence Risk of using drugs wrongly If any others (please specify)