SalmanM.S(CS), Department of computer scienceAllama Iqbal Open UniversityIslamabad, PakistanE-mail:[email protected] Themain objectives of the study is to investigate the usability, availability and whether primary school teachers are utilize theeducational technology tools for teaching learning process. For this kind ofresearch two different questionnaires used for the collection of teacher andstudent data.
After the processing of collected data result decided thateducational technology improve the teaching & learning process at primaryschool level in pkp. Keywords— Educational technology,Usability & Availabilityof educational technology, INTRODUCTIONEducation means to bring about desirablechanges in the behaviour of individual according to the demands of itsconcerned society. Primary level is an important stage in the child’seducational life. If a teacher make the entire concept clear to a child then infuture the student will be able to handle the difficult things easily (Suleman, 2008). Theword technology derived from the Greek language “techne” or “technique” which means art. Educationaltechnology is the development application and evalution of system, techniques. whichimprove the process of student learning.
It is more practical, less theoreticaland fast growing modern discipline. Educational technology enabling the child to find, manage, evaluateand use information retrieved from calculator, charts, electronic dictionaryetc. By providing access to a range of information technology resources. Thechildren can also discuss his or her findings,and share them with others using presentation and authoring software.Educational technology provide opportunities for children to learn about the worldbeyond their classroom and also afford opportunities for children to developlearning skills, thinking skills, including problem-solving, and communicationskills. Educational technologyis complicated, comprehensive and integrated process which involves many thingslike, people, ideas, procedures, devices and organization design to evaluateproblems and it also includes other various processes like, devising,implementing, evaluating and managing solutions to those problems which involvein all aspects of human learning (AECT, 1977). LITERATURE REVIEWEducational technology is broad subject and it isimpossible to cover it as single subject. Therefore, it is further divided intofour classes i.
e. instructional technology, teaching technology, behaviouraltechnology, and instruction design or management technology (Sharma , 2006).Instructional technology is “the theory and practiceof design, development, utilization, management and evaluation of processes andresources for learning”(Seels & Richey, 1994, p.1).
Teaching technology is a unification of academicsystems which is designed to enhance the effective design of teaching-learningprocess, to solve the problems which are faced during teaching and learningprocess and to improve the quality of the information which are presented(Isman, 2002). Educational activities are those activities whichare designed to bring about desirable changes in the behaviour of the students.Therefore, behavioural technology is broader than educational technology.AccordingSmith & Ragan (2005) the managementtechnology as “the systemic and reflective process of translatingprinciples of learning and instruction into plans for instructional materials,activities, information resources and assessments”. Characteristics& Aims of Educational Technology:Educational technologyhas played a essential andrevolutionary role in the education system. It has determine and boost the teaching learning process.However, the major objectives of the educational technology in education aredescribe below.Ø Educational technology is involved inthree aspects in education e.
g. input, teaching learning process and output.Ø Educational researches have no impactson the existing educational problems because these researches have theoreticalnature.
Educational technology has played a important role in solving classroomteaching and training problems practically and experimentally.Ø The main problem in teaching learningprocess is to handle individual differences in effective way. The educationaltechnology has developed the strategiesto ensure the solution of the same problem.Ø Educational technology builds upeducational theories for teaching and instruction and makes scientificfoundation to education. (Sharma & Sharma, 2006, pp.57-58).
Ø Educational technology make the class-room teaching more effective& easily modify the skill of the teacher and the learner. Role of Educational Technologies:Ø According to Sharma. & Sharma (2006,p.40), the important role of the educational technology are described as below;Ø It analyzes and evaluates the teachinglearning process.
Ø It develops and organizes suitableinstructional materials for teaching learning process.Ø It prepares teachers in the use of newteaching technology.Ø Educational technology have played avital role in equalizing educational opportunities without taking intoconsideration the social, economic and geographical position of the learners.
OBJECTIVESOF THE STUDYØ toinvestigate the availability, usability and usefulness of educationaltechnology at primary level.Ø toexplore whether teachers are trained for the effective use of educationaltechnology at primary level. METHODOLOGYIt is a servey typeresearch in this research the researcher personally visit the each primaryschool in khyber pakhtoon khwa and distribute the questionnaire sample by ownhands among the teachers and students and provide basic instruction about thefilling of questionnaire sample. The nature of study is descriptive, for this researcher used the statisticaltools/methods to calculate the data. By this way we easily collect thetrustfull data. Population:All the teachers and students at primarylevel in kpk are the population of this research.
Sample:Only ninteen lack thirtyseven thousandsand one hundred nintyseven (1937197) boys & girls primary schoolstudens; and one lack fourtynine thousand two hundred ninty(149290) of primaryschools Male & Female teacher data needed for the completion of research.Questionnaire:Two questionnaires are design for datacollection and summarized the data in table for more calculations. TableNo1Availabilityof Educational Technologies in primary schools in kpk S.No Technology name available Not-available The table No.
1 shows the technology tools like computer,electronic dictionary, andcharts/pictures were available in the schools of kpk or not. TableNo2 Usabilityof Educational Technology in primary schools in kpk S.No Technology name Regularly Some time Never used Total usage The table No.2 clearly shows the how manyteachers & students used regularly the available educational technology in primary schools in kpk.
RESEARCH QUESTION Ø What type of technologies helpfulfor primary school education in kpk?Ø Is educational technology is better than traditionalways of learning at primary school in kpk? Ø Howcan technology be used for learning?Ø How does Educational technology enhance the student’slearning skills?FORFUTURE RESEARCHØ thistype of research should be conducted at secondary and higher secondary level.Ø thistype of study should be conducted in FATA to evaluate the availability andusability of educational technologies in order to strengthen and improve thestandard of education there. REFERENCES Suleman, Q. 2008. TheUse and Availability of Audio Visual Aids in Teaching of Science at PrimaryLevel in Tehsil Banda Daud Shah (Karak).
Unpublished Master Thesis, Institute ofEducation & Research, Sarhad University of Science & TechnologyPeshawar. p.2 AECT, 1977. TaskForce. Educational Technology. Definition and Glossary of Terms. Association ofEducational Communication and Technology.
Washington. p.23 Sharma, Y.
K. & Sharma, M. 2006. EducationalTechnology and Management. Kanishka Publishers, Distributors, New Delhi-110002.
Vol-1. p.28, 31, 40-47, 57-58 Isman, A.
2002. Sakaryalli Ogretmenlerinin Egitim Teknolojileri Yonundeki Yeterlilikleri. The TurkishOnline of Educational Technology, Vol. 1, No.1. Smith, P.
L., & Ragan, T. J. 2005. InstructionalDesign (3rd.Ed.
)Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons. p.4