Ransomware is a kind of computer virus thatinfect the victim’s which limits the formal user to access their system. Mostof the ransomware style is locking the user’s system screen or locking somespecific files which contain important information. After that, the ransomwarewill provide a solution to decrypt their computer by paying the ransom throughcertain online payment methods which is untraceable for example, bitcoin.    ContentHow does ransomware infection occurRansomware infection can begin with mostlytwo of the way which is from an email address which contains Trojans horsemalware that will install the specific ransomware or website hosting exploitkits, which attempt to exploit the weakness of some browser or software andinfect those machine which download it.

Ransomware nowadays are capability tocopy themselves and spread through the network just like the worm malware. Why ransomware became popularExist of ransomware-as-a-service which is acybercriminal business model which the creators of ransomware sell their sourcecode to other cybercriminal. Cybercriminal use ransomware because it is hard totrace back to the origin and also the same as the payment of online transactionthrough virtual currency. It has become a big business for those who wants toearn easy money from others. How to prevent ransomwareAn endpoint security can protect web browsing,control the flow of network which can prevent phishing attacks and continuouslyscanning for harmful activities through internet will make sure the computerunder well protection. Robust filtering is one of the useful procedure anorganization can take to prevent their system free from ransomware.

Theprobability of an attack will be minimized if restrict the employees to receiveemails that contain spam or potentially malware. Blocking attachments is quiteimportant in preventing the intrusion of ransomware. Preparation before infected by ransomwareDue to the uprising of the technology ofransomware, some may say the improved of network security can’t really preventuser from ransomware. Therefore, the best way to prevent ransomware is to backup the data frequently. This is because the main effect of ransomware is theyrestrict the access to some important data, if the user really so unlucky toinfect their machine with ransomware, that’s no point paying money to retrievedata which have already been back up.

 ConclusionRansomware is quite popular nowadays andhave causes some big company face some problem and also causes the authoritiesvery fear about it. However if the company or authorities know how to protecttheir system well and also always back up their data, the damage of ransomwarecan be minimized. The point is that they are well-provided with the informationof ransomware and also ways to prevent it.

 ReferenceTanmay Ganacharya, Principal GroupManager, Windows Defender Research, Ransomware1H 2017 review: Global outbreaks reinforce the value of security hygieneMicrosoft ,Ransomware FAQTrendMicro, RansomwareEugene Kolodenker, William Koch, GianlucaStringhini, and Manuel Egele. Paybreak: Defense against cryptographic ransomware ReflectionFrom these class assignment, we have giventhe opportunity to know more about ransomware which we are not so familiar withbecause Malaysia isn’t quite affected by these kind of destruction. However,these knowledge is quite important if we are employeed after we graduatedbecause it may cause big trouble to our company we serve in the future if weare not aware of it. Nothing is scary if we are well prepared with the knowledgeof it and we can prevent it when we know what causes it to happen.

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