Hello and thank you for joining me today, I am Dr. Ricardo Kotliroff; and in this video we are going to talk about what progressive supranuclear palsy is all about, the signs and symptoms, possible complications, treatment, causes and diagnosis of PSP and many more.
What does progressive supranuclear palsy mean?
Firstly, we need to understand what progressive supranuclear palsy is all about. Progressive supranuclear palsy also known as Steele-Richardson-Olszewski syndrome, is a rare brain illness that is believed to be the cause of serious problems with walking, balance and the movement of the eyes. You see, this illness is as a result of degeneration of the cells in areas of your brain that control body movement and thinking.
Let me explain what this disorder does. The long name of this disorder PSP shows that the disease deteriorates (progressive) and also cause weakness (palsy) by harming certain parts of the brain above nerve cell clusters which is known as nuclei (supranuclear). These nuclei in particular controls the movements of eyes. You also need to know that one of the typical symptoms of this disease is the inability to control the eyes properly, which individuals may experience as blurring of vision.
Now, let me talk about Neurons. Neurons in the basal ganglia, is a group of structures connected to the thalamus in the base of the brain and involved in controlling of movement, the brain stem, the center of the mammalian brain, consist of the medulla oblongata, pons, midbrain, and continuing downward to form the spinal cord, deteriorate.
What are the symptoms?
To further expand your knowledge on progressive supranuclear palsy. PSP is an uncommon, degenerative CNS illness. In every 100,000 people in the world, you will only see three to six people who have PSP that progressively cause damage to voluntary eye movements, and it usually begins in late middle age and causes include:
Sudden loss of balance
Another symptom of PSP is sudden loss of balance. While walking, falling backward may probably occur very early in the disease.
An inability to aim your eyes properly
You see, you may find it hard to look downward, or you may as well experience unclear, dim and double vision. This problem with focusing the eyes can make someone look uninterested in conversation due to poor eye contact.
Another thing you may experience is difficulty in looking up or down without moving the neck or problem with climbing up and downstairs.
Voluntary movement of the eyes, to be precise vertical, are difficult, but reflexive eye movements are not affected.
Signs of PSP (progressive supranuclear palsy) differ and may imitate that of Parkinson. These signs deteriorate as the disease progresses, but I will take my time to explain this to you.