Preparinga speech can be difficult.

  The purposeof the speech is the keep your audience’s attention and entertain.  It is important your speech consist of threeparts.  The first part is the opening orintroduction.

  This is where the speakerintroduces the subject and get the attention of the audience.  The second part is the body.  This is the largest portion of a speech andconsist of the information you are presenting to the audience.

  The body usually contains arguments, facts,and stories.  These points will be thepurpose of the speech.  The final part isthe conclusion.  The conclusion is thesummary of the points made in the body of the speech.  The conclusion should also include closingremarks. (http://www.school-for-champions.com) It is important to have clarityand good transitional phrases between each major part of the speech.

  This helps the audience know where the speechis at the present time.             There are some key models ofcommunication used in preparing a speech. Transactional and linear models ofcommunication are used most in presentations.   Each speech contains a sender,which is the person who is speaking.  Thesecond part is the channel.  This is thedevice or way the message is being sent. The third part is the receiver. This is the person who picks up the message.

  Finally, the noise can be a distraction thatinterferes with the message delivery to the receiver.  In the linear model, the noise is normallyexternal, such as loud music. The linear communication model is known by itsbehavior of transmitting a message from one to another. This model is alsoconsidered a straight-line communication and is used in mass communicationssuch as mail, TV, and radio.  Thetransactional model is known as the ongoing, circular process. In this type ofcommunication, the exchange of messages is between the sender and receiver.Since transactional communication is an ongoing communication, the sender andreceiver can be known at the communicator because the message overlaps betweenthe sender and receiver and the two people communicate simultaneously.

 In this model, as well as the linear model thesender encodes a message and the receiver decodes the message.  Encoding is taking an idea and speaking thosewords in order to convey the message. Decoding is the listening to the words and putting images to those words.Therefore, they both become the communicator. The noise in the transactional model usually consists of physiologicalnoise and/or psychological noise. Physiological noise could be an illness, nervousness or any biologicalfactors.  Psychological noise could bethe unwillingness to listen.

  This couldbe anything that interferes with communication. (communicationsstudies.com)

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