Prejudice and
discrimination are common around the world. Also, we can see them in our social
life in different shape and style. For example,
sometimes we can see that the elder people discriminates against the young
people as well as the young people discriminate against the elder people. Also,
Men discriminate against women. Prejudice and discrimination are interconnected
with each other.

Discrimination
is an action or behavior which is an inconsiderate treatment directed against
someone and it can be based on: age, sex, height, weight, skin color, clothing,
speech, income, education, marital status, sexual orientation, disease,
disability, religion and politics etc. When people discriminate in someone’s judgement
of race, it is noted as racism. There are two kinds of discrimination. Such as
Individual discrimination and Institutional discrimination. If one person get a
negative treatment by another person, it is called individual discrimination.
Individual discrimination brings problems in our lives, but only individual can
fix the problem. On the other hand, institutional discrimination is wider. It is
hard to fix because it doesn’t affect individual, even this problem affects to
the whole society. In our book, gives as an example of Institutional discrimination
that bank lending out home mortgages. According to our book, recent studies
mention that minority people application is getting rejected from bankers.
Bankers are giving excuses that White people have outstanding credit history
than themselves. When researchers checked their data, they found out that even African
American and Latinos had same credit history but they were 60% more likely to
be canceled. We can realized after analyzing the data that minorities are still
more likely to rejected for their loan even though their incomes are low or
more than the median income of their community. We can see this problem is
affecting our society so it is an example of Institutional discrimination or
much more than individual problem.

Prejudice is the
behavior that often outcome from discrimination. In short, we can say it’s a prejudging
in negative way. However, Prejudice can be in positive way sometimes. Positive prejudice
brings out the qualities and values of others. In our society, most of the
prejudice are negative and do prejudge to a group as being subordinate.

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