Ph.D  
Research Proposal

Doctoral program in Architecture

History of Architecture

 

 

 

 

 

 

DECONSTRUCTIVISM,

 A NEW
PERSPECTIVE FOR CREATIONAL DESIGN

 

 

 

ÇILGA GÜNAYDIN

[email protected]

 

 

 

 

 

ABSTRACT

Solutions to a design problem can be achieved by
understanding the holistic nature of the problem before adopting a problem
solving process. As part of architectural design problem solving Creativity and
Innovation are among the factors which incorporate new concepts and methods in
designing.This study aimed at the understanding of a design perspective of
deconstructivism and helps the designer to create geometrically
abstact,unfamiliar but exceptional projects.This pushes the the architects
productivity and the architectural students needs the most when they  learning and discovering capability of
designing.

 

KEYWORDS

Deconstructivism, creativity,architectural
design,structure,form,freedom,abstract,

 

 

Table
of Contents

BACKGROUND INFORMATION……………………………………………………………………………3

PROBLEM STATEMENT…………………………………………………………………………………………3

PURPOSE OF STUDY……………………………………………………………………………………………..4

THE OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY…………………………………………………………………………4

RESEARCH QUESTIONS………………………………………………………………………………………..4

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY……………………………………………………………………………..5

SCOPE…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….5

METHODOLOGY……………………………………………………………………………………………………5

CONCLUSION………………………………………………………………………………………………………..6

REFERANCE…………………………………………………………………………………………………………..6

 

 

 

 

 

BACKGROUND
INFORMATION

 

Deconstructivism
: Often described as one of the most visually striking and perplexing types of
art ever developed, Deconstructivism is characterized by the use of
fragmentation, manipulation of ideas of a structure’s surface or skin,
redefinition of shapes and forms, and radical manifestation of complexity in a
building. Focusing more on the freedom of form, rather than functional
concerns, the Deconstructivists aim to perplex the visitor, making the stay in
their space an experience worth remembering, and the interior is as much as
mesmerizing as the exterior in most cases, even more wondrous in some.*1

 

Deconstructivist architecture is a type of
architecture developed in the late 1980s and early 1990s. Unlike any other type
of architecture,deconstructivism escapes the conventional architectural pattern,
breaking all that way all the rules of constructive theory. The leader of this
movement was the French Philosopher Jacques Derrida, who, as we shall see
later, with his ideas and philosophy has strongly influenced other architects
into accepting and applying this unpredictable type of architecture.

In this course of paper, I will discuss the concept
of ‘deconstructive architecture’ analysing it’s elements and basic principles.
Moreover, the historical development of deconstructivismand the origins of this
movement will be studied.The philosophy behind this type of architecture will
also be discussed along with examples of buildings which illustrate the concept
of  ‘deconstructivist architecture’. In
addition to the above, some criticism will be made on the subject showing that
the debate surrounding the nature of this form of architecture is both
controversial and contradictory. Examples and commentary will be given by
architects that have given their personal opinion on the subject throughout the
years.

This research will focus on studying many deconstructive
projects for famous architects such as Frank Gehry, Zaha Hadid, Daniel
Libeskind …etc as an attempt to clarify some obscure items on their structural
shape and philosophy.

 

PROBLEM
STATEMENT

After the establishment of deconstructivism in the
beginning of 1980s, architecture departments had started focusing on this
subject and teaching it as one of the main subjects. However, in many
countries, there was much less,or no, interest. Surely architects should be
creative and often individual in their projects? Unless an architect has fresh
innovations, architecture will not advance , and buildings will always be
similar,as we can observe in cities today..There is no variety which gives a feeling
of monotony in a city’s general form and skyline. Therefore, I believe
deconstructivism should be taught to architecture students in universities, so
that they are familiar with the concepts , thus enabling them to be more
creative when designing buildings.

Students find many complications in producing
deconstructivism because they are taught how such buildings are constructed and
how the concept of  a project can be unusual
forms .So architectural schools should include deconstructivism in its syllabus
thus
giving students the ability  to deal with
and design in it confidently.

 

PURPOSE
OF STUDY

Overtime, the number of professional architects and
architectural students interests in deconstructivism are increasingly growing.
Involvement in this style could direct their potential and imagination into designing
new forms in architecture which attracts people attention and appreciation.
Astonish people , as Frank Gehry’s work does.The purpose of this research is to
study deconstructivist projects and their radical concepts in order to
encourage architects to be more curious about it.

 

THE
OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

The objectives of the study are summed up into the
following points:

•          To
find out what inspires architects in designing deconstructive forms.

•          To
investigate the notion of a project at it’s birth : the philosophy behind the
concept and how the architect translates this in practice, especially relating
to the external form of a building.

•          To recommend
solutions that encourage architects to adopt deconstructivism in their designs.
For example, by studying deconstructivism through related subjects such as the
underlying notion of philosophy and how to translate this into architectural
design (with special focus on exterior design)

 

RESEARCH
QUESTIONS

1-What are the inspiring aspects of defining
deconstructivism?

2-How could architects convey their thoughts into extraordinary
designs?

3-What is the level of awareness of students of Eastern
Mediterranean University about the importance of dealing with deconstructivism?

4- What are the reasons for neglecting to teach,or
only partially teach, deconstructivism in architecture departments?

5-What are the difficulties that face students
during designing in a deconstructive way?

6-How can we encourage architects to be involved in
this way of designing?

 

SIGNIFICANCE
OF THE STUDY

This research will study deconstruction in detail in
terms of creating unconventional buildings which will be landmarks.The outcome
will help students immerse themselves in deconstructive designs. Boost
imagination in architects and their designs , reflected in more diverse and
interesting architecture, on general view of the city as well. These varieties
will flourish urban city texture. Citizens live in better designed buildings
and subconsciously the attention to architecture will increase.

 Architects
can create centres of attraction whilst changing the urban texture(such as
Dubai)

 

SCOPE

The focus for this study is EMU third – fourth year
architectural students. Students at these levels have a good basic knowledge in
many areas in architecture.They know how to design a building, which starts
firstly, with the concept of a project and the main function of that building.
They are qualified architecturally,to design and structurally draw a
traditional “familiar” building. They have ability to design very detail in
order to complete a project.Therefore these students are ready to comprehend
the second notion of building -deconstruction. They will be able to interpret
their imagination gained from previous experience ,into a new deconstructive
forms, analysing how it can be constructed in a fully functional, comfortable
and innovative manner.

Besides EMU architecture students, the study will
also involve EMU architecture professors, teachers, PHD, master students, in
order to get their opinion about this movement from many aspects like function,
external and internal form, and structure. The collective information will lead
to a better understanding of the general background and vision of specialists
about this architectural movement.

 

METHODOLOGY

This part of the research will discuss the tools
used to get the essential information. the primary data used is through
questionnaire,workshops, interviews and observations .The questionnaire
consists of open-ended questions such as a qualities data and close-ended
questions-yes/no, listing, ranking and categorising as quantitive data.The
workshops are organized to find out how,in approaching a three dimentional
project, creativity levels change.

The qualitative data for the research came from
interview, observation, and experimentation .Trying carefully to choose the
interviewers who are strongly related to the subject and respondents who will
be helpful on giving their experience about this style of architecture .

The secondary data would be collected from Books,
Journals, and electronic resources such as e-journals, websites, and online
materials. 

 

CONCLUSION

For those who truly value Deconstructivist
Architecture, it is the creativity and inventive freshness, that creates new
rules in architecture,which they value One the other hand, there are those who
doubt this approach and who are always sure of the negative results and the
anti-social nature of the activity. It could also just be a matter of self-denial.

 

After all, deconstructivist architecture may appear
odd to some people due to its unconventional and out-of-barriers technique and
looks, but it has managed to find its own place in the world of architecture.
It has also proven that it still retains social significance and recognition
amongst the public. This can be illustrated by the demand of consumers to more
and more ask for modern and different impressive buildings. It can also be seen
by the famous buildings made by well-known architectures. However, this could
not be made without the bad or good criticism. Even though, the buildings still
manage to impress and attract, as except of being functional and structurally
stable, they are also unique.*2

 

REFERANCE

*1  https://www.widewalls.ch/deconstructivism-buildings/

*2  https://www.ukessays.com/essays/philosophy/the-controversial-opinions-of-deconstructivist-architecture-philosophy-essay.php

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