Part B

Answer the following question in no more than
1500 words.

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To what extent do young people shape
their own distinct youth cultures?
For this
assignment, you should explain the concept of youth culture. You may want to
discuss ways in which young people identify with particular groups or
subcultures, and reasons for why they might do this. Do subcultures represent a
rebellion against adult society? How does this differ in different contexts?

You should also consider factors outside young
people’s control that might also influence their participation in youth
cultures. How might youth cultures be influenced by the social and political
contexts of wider society? How might they be influenced by commercial factors,
like marketing? You should consider ways in which young people’s experiences of
youth cultures have changed over time, and how they differ in different
contexts.

 

Answers in Essay Form

Youth culture has been consistently changing
over the generations even one of the cases to be ever widened the gap between
our young members of society to adult generations.  Our young generations have faced same
challenges to each other to be exact, but each generation has unique experiences
in approach to different situations that shape their attitudes and behaviors.
However, when the culture in any
particular is involved even the risk of influence exists personal choice
matters a lot.

At times in any generations, ethnocentricity occurs as each group used to in
tagging their names. Millennials, generation X and Y, gangs, fraternities and
any other names as they called it. Whatever may be
differences and distinctions happen probably due to availability or what is
present in a particular genre or era.

According to Mac a Ghaill (1994),
she came up with the typology of the student within the following groups: Macho
Lads, Academic Achievers, New Entrepreneurs, Real Englishmen.  This typology explains the working-class
attitudes and behaviors of the future adults as they take part when they enter
the world of professionals. It talks about the projections of the young ones in
line with their behavior towards schools in which believed that has a great effect in putting up their career life in
the future.

However, in comparison with Shain’s (2003)
study of Asian girls in school focused on how diverse the difference of Asian
girls in which diversity of identities happens due to the undeveloped notions
in Western practices among other cultures.

 

Stereotyping among teenagers happens in the generations in able to blend not
in just one group so that adaptation in the movement of their environment match
with what needs to be addressed in the society. Since stereotyping does not
only requires in the society but a choice of action among individuals as one
way of daily survival.  I believe that
all adults before they reach their stage right now pass through this method of
stereotyping.

 

In our society,
elite class and working class are being labeled
and determine and so as well with the diversity among teenagers. Even the classifications being called “Asian” and
“Western”. These classifications of
culture have a great effect on them.
Everyone has this notion that Asian teenagers are mostly weird, in terms of
academics since Education is a must among the families in every Asian nation.
That even how hard or difficult life is the best education one has the better
the life waits for him or for her. Liberation and being modern are mostly
attached to young ones among Western people, that it seems too taboo among Asians because these are things in which seldom
being discussed at home in the basis not to shock the traditional or classic
practices of the elders. However, in the degree of getting what is the standard beneficial in both cultures are
first education is for everyone regardless if your Asian or if you’re from the Western group. Being weird and too intelligent
is just a matter of choice among young ones in which I think all generations have these same ideas too.  Next to
being liberated or too modern in attitudes and acts do not only account to
Western teenagers. It will be part of teenagers
lifestyle in which how he or she upholds standards of values in practice.

            I
would like to quote what is mentioned in Book 2, Chapter 4, page 176; “Successive generations of youth researchers
have pointed to the relationship between youth cultures and wider society.”
Thus, it explains here the vices among youth such as rave parties, illegal
drugs in which Redhead (1993, p. 4)
refers to this phenomenon as ‘hedonism in hard times’. These appear among
millennials, generation x, digital natives. How and why all of these appears to these generations but not happened in the
classical era or in the traditional youth. As what has been mentioned change
has been very active and only thing that is constant. As the needs of the man arise, the demands for the advancement of knowledge still appears and we
all expect this to elevate and escalate generation from generations. Everything
becomes easily available to the young
ones. And so, if they act differently based on the standard of the past
generations they will fall under the category of rebellion in the perception of
the adult mind.

 

Being part of they culture adults view
teenagers creating smaller groups forming a minority
within the minority. They tend to be specific in terms of them labeling themselves. Like “emo” just to be more
specific about being too emotional.
However, within this term, if we will
check clearly insecurities, depressions are only basic emotions that destroy
their belief in emotion. As what has mentioned in the psychological development
emotion is the scariest part of being a human. It either makes you or breaks
you thus, same practice to the young generations.

 

I would like to give emphasis on what was
stated in Book 2, Chapter 4 page 180 “In
the past, young people moved from school to work and from the family home to
the marital home with little time or money for carefree pleasure.”  This statement supports one of the final points of subcultures.  Another concern also is the subcultural acts.
In such a way how do teenagers react to what is happening in the society? Very seldom in a traditional era that voices of the young ones
can be heard. Hence, as adaptation arises and the fight for the right,
eventually the voices of these little plants echoes and marks big footsteps in
the history of generations. Young ones express their acts using themselves as
the medium or the representation among themselves. They can act thru styles of
the haircut. For them, a haircut does not
only show fashion or style. It symbolizes the cause for their unification to be
recognized. The youth tends to give an important
voice to generation change and social
structure. The youth are in search of the
‘magical resolutions’ too powerful and
contradictory emotions they are fighting for. The teenagers are risk takers to
take the action to be heard thru
different variations like a haircut,
fashion, and musical influence.

 

The subcultures among Hip Hop have been
diversified too and gives debates in a different
point of view. Since personal identity matters a lot to determine the social
role among young one’s race matters too. For them,
there are maybe inferior to them and superior because of the differences in
skin color thus it states how importance aesthetic beauty is. Hip-hop is
usually a group of men in young urban
areas in which majority in numbers are young black men. They portray the
‘action’ of the group as more diverse practices are preferred to the public
display of their Western counterparts. These young men seek to have awareness
for equality, for individuality and for the sense of recognition that colors
cannot justify one’s personality. Hip-hop culture also uses their core elements
to establish a distinctive subcultural identity. The group of Hip-hop stands to
represent the race, class, and value of
the black culture.

 

Among these topics about generations takes in effect also the young
women in the society. Due to the stereotyping in our society the value of the
women most of the times cannot attain its
maximum potential as a woman. In Chapter 4, the name LOLITA has mentioned in
which it explains primarily an aesthetic and the subculture among the
teenagers. In promoting beauty about
women becomes appreciative however degrading to some. The term Lolita is
concerned with the production and display of innovative fashion. The standard
of beauty has started to set in mind
among many in the society which become
debatable to the majority. The value of
appreciation and determining acts among young women should not be defined by how beautiful she is physically. That teenager’s
mind should be developed that the value of women does not stand as a sex object.

 

The fast-cultural objects and ideas transmission is globally today are significant factors in the number of
youth subculture groups that are identified. The main change with regards to countercultural groups today is a large number of the
young generation around. Perhaps more fundamentally, youth culture has become
more accepting and accommodating of various different groupings within the
community. There are groups on the fringe of society who may be counter-cultural in orientation, like punks and
gangs by large there now seems to be a strong sense of tolerance for difference and a feeling that diversity may
even be positive.

 

If there is degeneration of the
young ones they are also the product of their main influencer who are the parents. The parents experienced generalization.
The twist and turns of the roles in the society will give us the awareness that the practice of acts among
themselves has evolved also; thus, results of the
transition of our young ones in all
aspects. At the end of the day, the cultural
practices and the value of culture will still depend
on how we nurture our children. Still, adults still stand to influence the young ones and how we treat the results of their actions towards themselves
and to their environment.

 

Relevant materials

·        
The
following chapter of book 2:

Gallacher, L. and Kehily, M.J. (2013) “Youth
cultures”, in Bragg, S. and Kehily, M.J. (eds) (2013) Children and
young people’s cultural worlds, Bristol, Policy Press/Milton Keynes,
The Open University.

 

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