Part BAnswer the following question in no more than1500 words.To what extent do young people shapetheir own distinct youth cultures?For thisassignment, you should explain the concept of youth culture. You may want todiscuss ways in which young people identify with particular groups orsubcultures, and reasons for why they might do this. Do subcultures represent arebellion against adult society? How does this differ in different contexts?You should also consider factors outside youngpeople’s control that might also influence their participation in youthcultures. How might youth cultures be influenced by the social and politicalcontexts of wider society? How might they be influenced by commercial factors,like marketing? You should consider ways in which young people’s experiences ofyouth cultures have changed over time, and how they differ in differentcontexts. Answers in Essay Form Youth culture has been consistently changingover the generations even one of the cases to be ever widened the gap betweenour young members of society to adult generations.

  Our young generations have faced samechallenges to each other to be exact, but each generation has unique experiencesin approach to different situations that shape their attitudes and behaviors.However, when the culture in anyparticular is involved even the risk of influence exists personal choicematters a lot.At times in any generations, ethnocentricity occurs as each group used to intagging their names. Millennials, generation X and Y, gangs, fraternities andany other names as they called it.

Whatever may bedifferences and distinctions happen probably due to availability or what ispresent in a particular genre or era. According to Mac a Ghaill (1994),she came up with the typology of the student within the following groups: MachoLads, Academic Achievers, New Entrepreneurs, Real Englishmen.  This typology explains the working-classattitudes and behaviors of the future adults as they take part when they enterthe world of professionals. It talks about the projections of the young ones inline with their behavior towards schools in which believed that has a great effect in putting up their career life inthe future.However, in comparison with Shain’s (2003)study of Asian girls in school focused on how diverse the difference of Asiangirls in which diversity of identities happens due to the undeveloped notionsin Western practices among other cultures.  Stereotyping among teenagers happens in the generations in able to blend notin just one group so that adaptation in the movement of their environment matchwith what needs to be addressed in the society. Since stereotyping does notonly requires in the society but a choice of action among individuals as oneway of daily survival.

  I believe thatall adults before they reach their stage right now pass through this method ofstereotyping.  In our society,elite class and working class are being labeledand determine and so as well with the diversity among teenagers. Even the classifications being called “Asian” and”Western”. These classifications ofculture have a great effect on them.Everyone has this notion that Asian teenagers are mostly weird, in terms ofacademics since Education is a must among the families in every Asian nation.

That even how hard or difficult life is the best education one has the betterthe life waits for him or for her. Liberation and being modern are mostlyattached to young ones among Western people, that it seems too taboo among Asians because these are things in which seldombeing discussed at home in the basis not to shock the traditional or classicpractices of the elders. However, in the degree of getting what is the standard beneficial in both cultures arefirst education is for everyone regardless if your Asian or if you’re from the Western group. Being weird and too intelligentis just a matter of choice among young ones in which I think all generations have these same ideas too.

  Next tobeing liberated or too modern in attitudes and acts do not only account toWestern teenagers. It will be part of teenagerslifestyle in which how he or she upholds standards of values in practice.             Iwould like to quote what is mentioned in Book 2, Chapter 4, page 176; “Successive generations of youth researchershave pointed to the relationship between youth cultures and wider society.”Thus, it explains here the vices among youth such as rave parties, illegaldrugs in which Redhead (1993, p. 4)refers to this phenomenon as ‘hedonism in hard times’. These appear amongmillennials, generation x, digital natives. How and why all of these appears to these generations but not happened in theclassical era or in the traditional youth. As what has been mentioned changehas been very active and only thing that is constant.

As the needs of the man arise, the demands for the advancement of knowledge still appears and weall expect this to elevate and escalate generation from generations. Everythingbecomes easily available to the youngones. And so, if they act differently based on the standard of the pastgenerations they will fall under the category of rebellion in the perception ofthe adult mind.

 Being part of they culture adults viewteenagers creating smaller groups forming a minoritywithin the minority. They tend to be specific in terms of them labeling themselves. Like “emo” just to be morespecific about being too emotional.

However, within this term, if we willcheck clearly insecurities, depressions are only basic emotions that destroytheir belief in emotion. As what has mentioned in the psychological developmentemotion is the scariest part of being a human. It either makes you or breaksyou thus, same practice to the young generations.  I would like to give emphasis on what wasstated in Book 2, Chapter 4 page 180 “Inthe past, young people moved from school to work and from the family home tothe marital home with little time or money for carefree pleasure.”  This statement supports one of the final points of subcultures.  Another concern also is the subcultural acts.

In such a way how do teenagers react to what is happening in the society? Very seldom in a traditional era that voices of the young onescan be heard. Hence, as adaptation arises and the fight for the right,eventually the voices of these little plants echoes and marks big footsteps inthe history of generations. Young ones express their acts using themselves asthe medium or the representation among themselves. They can act thru styles ofthe haircut.

For them, a haircut does notonly show fashion or style. It symbolizes the cause for their unification to berecognized. The youth tends to give an importantvoice to generation change and socialstructure. The youth are in search of the’magical resolutions’ too powerful andcontradictory emotions they are fighting for.

The teenagers are risk takers totake the action to be heard thrudifferent variations like a haircut,fashion, and musical influence.  The subcultures among Hip Hop have beendiversified too and gives debates in a differentpoint of view. Since personal identity matters a lot to determine the socialrole among young one’s race matters too. For them,there are maybe inferior to them and superior because of the differences inskin color thus it states how importance aesthetic beauty is. Hip-hop isusually a group of men in young urbanareas in which majority in numbers are young black men. They portray the’action’ of the group as more diverse practices are preferred to the publicdisplay of their Western counterparts. These young men seek to have awarenessfor equality, for individuality and for the sense of recognition that colorscannot justify one’s personality.

Hip-hop culture also uses their core elementsto establish a distinctive subcultural identity. The group of Hip-hop stands torepresent the race, class, and value ofthe black culture. Among these topics about generations takes in effect also the youngwomen in the society.

Due to the stereotyping in our society the value of thewomen most of the times cannot attain itsmaximum potential as a woman. In Chapter 4, the name LOLITA has mentioned inwhich it explains primarily an aesthetic and the subculture among theteenagers. In promoting beauty aboutwomen becomes appreciative however degrading to some. The term Lolita isconcerned with the production and display of innovative fashion. The standardof beauty has started to set in mindamong many in the society which becomedebatable to the majority.

The value ofappreciation and determining acts among young women should not be defined by how beautiful she is physically. That teenager’smind should be developed that the value of women does not stand as a sex object.  The fast-cultural objects and ideas transmission is globally today are significant factors in the number ofyouth subculture groups that are identified.

The main change with regards to countercultural groups today is a large number of theyoung generation around. Perhaps more fundamentally, youth culture has becomemore accepting and accommodating of various different groupings within thecommunity. There are groups on the fringe of society who may be counter-cultural in orientation, like punks andgangs by large there now seems to be a strong sense of tolerance for difference and a feeling that diversity mayeven be positive.

 If there is degeneration of theyoung ones they are also the product of their main influencer who are the parents. The parents experienced generalization.The twist and turns of the roles in the society will give us the awareness that the practice of acts amongthemselves has evolved also; thus, results of thetransition of our young ones in allaspects. At the end of the day, the culturalpractices and the value of culture will still dependon how we nurture our children. Still, adults still stand to influence the young ones and how we treat the results of their actions towards themselvesand to their environment.  Relevant materials·        Thefollowing chapter of book 2:Gallacher, L. and Kehily, M.

J. (2013) “Youthcultures”, in Bragg, S. and Kehily, M.J.

(eds) (2013) Children andyoung people’s cultural worlds, Bristol, Policy Press/Milton Keynes,The Open University. 


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