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The Homestead Act of 1862- It gave away free land to those who were glad to move to the frontier to claim it.Exodusters of 1877-African Americans from Minnesota, Wisconsin, Iowa, Illinois, Missouri, Kentucky, Tennessee, Arkansas, Mississippi, and Louisiana that moved to Kansas to get land and have a better life.The Morrill Act of 1862- This act donated land to states to build colleges for Agriculture andMechanic purposes.The Cross of the Gold Speech of 1898-This speech was given by Willian Jennings.The purpose of the speech was to get people to support “free silver”.He strongly believed that free silver would make the nation successful and thats what he was trying to get other people to see.The Election of 1892-This was between Former President Grover Cleveland and President Benjamin Harrison.The fight behind this election was nationality President Grover defeated Benjamin,because the people sided with Grover.A Century of Dishonor of 1881- This was a book written by Helen Hunt Jackson. Helen wrote this book to talk about how the government were treating the Indians in the late 1800’s. This topic bought up a good point, later the book caused the government to pass the Dawes Act of 1887.14th Amendment of 1868- This meant that slaves got Citizenship and African Americans got equal protection clause. The government couldn’t discriminate against a group of people, also if you were born in the United States you can get citizenship.Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882-This was the firstact to stop immigrants from coming into the United States. This Act remained in force for 10 years, adding to the immigrants not being able to come into the United States they were also keeping them from becoming U.S. Citizens. Telephone of 1876- The telephone was made by Alexander Bell. Bell proved the phone worked on March 10 when he called his assistant telling him to come here.That same year Elisha Gray and Tivadar Puskas improved the phone. Gray improved by using water microphone and Puskas improved by adding the helpline.The Gospel of Wealth of 1889-This book was written by Andrew Carnegie. The purpose was to explain the responsibility of the upper class. Carnegie strongly believed and encouraged people to believe in  Social Darwinism. Therefore he believed that the richer people or upper class should take care or try to help those who were less fortunate. The Homestead Strike of 1892 – The strike was about how workers that worked in thesteel business  were treated.This was an important strike that took place in Homestead,Penn after Frick announced  the plan to cut the workers wages.The Homestead Strike lead to people being killed and injured.Jim Crow of 1870s- 1880’s-This was segregation, and  laws that had been passed to keep African Americans from voting. Laws such as the grandfather clause and poll taxes and having to take the literacy test   kept blacks from voting.  Later down the line Jim Crow turned into ” separate but equal” they were separate but they were still treated “equally.”Hull House of 1889-The Hull House was for immigrants that were just arriving. Jane Adams Co- found the hull house so that she could supply the immigrants with a place to stay and education. The Hull House offered educational and cultural classes along with English, Health and other classes.William Randolph Hearst (Journal) of 1898-This was an journalist that boosted the Spanish-American War. Hearst was one of the first people to use yellow journalism and to draw attention to the war and problem or events happening in the world. Hearst over exaggerating bought more excitement and acknowledgement to the news paper.Sixth Amendment of 1909-  This bill  allows the government to receive taxes from all Americans to follow through with the main tasks  that they have to take of. You don’t have a choice but to pay taxes this amendment is required. With the money they take for taxes they keep everything running and in place where its supposed to be.New Freedom in 1912-These were speeches made by Woodrow Wilson.While giving theses speeches he said that he would better the economy and reform (banking, businesses, tariff), but still stick limit government. Saying what he was going to do Woodrow Wilson won that election promising to make our country  better.Souls of Black Folk of 1903- This was a book with a series of essays written by WEB Du Bois. He wrote this book to show progress and obstacles to progress. Du Bois strongly believed that racial segregation and slavery was the problem for the 20th century. In this book he talks about the issues like education,  and how African Americans have been promised to “freedom” and still hasn’t gotten it.Referendum- This was the opposite of initiative. The government gives the citizens the chance to vote on a bill or law. They did this to give the people more rights and freedom to take part of the decisions that are being made. With people being able to vote on the law or bill the government gets to hear from the people. Election of 1912- This was between Woodrow Wilson, Willian H. Taft and Theodore Roosevelt. This was an important election because some republicans split and disagreed with Tafts actions. Roosevelt promised not to run for president so instead he created the Bull Moose Party. The Bull Moose Party resulted in Roosevelt being president and gov. the following yearClayton Anti-trust Act of 1914- This Act was created to work with the Sherman Anti Trust Act.This Act banned trusts and monopolies. The Clayton Anti-Trust Act made it illegal for companies to have stock to create monopolies, and if they broke the law they could be persecuted.Standard Oil v. United States of 1911- This was the case between New Jersey and oil companies.The Oil Companies violated the Sherman Anti Trust Act which created monopolies.They also discovered that the Oil Company threatening distributers which forced other companies out of business which is also against the law. 

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