One indicators of sustainability
is equitability. Based on the conclusion  of  Horlings
and Marsden  (2011) , agro-ecological approaches can be utilized to feed the
future generations, and thereby contribute to a ‘real green revolution.’. This
includes a move for organizations that will lead to altered institutional
context, and  re-thinking  of market mechanisms that is interwoven both
consumers’ and farmers participation.

To be equitable in sustainable
agriculture means that majority of the people benefit.  In Africa , agriculture provides a
substantial share of income for the urban poor and for those groups of
households to which it constitutes an important source of livelihoods. “We also find fairly consistent evidence of
a positive statistical association between engagement in urban agriculture and
dietary adequacy indicators” (Tasciotti and Zezza,
2010).

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Due to less inputs, the income of farmers can increase.
However, there is need to improve farm-market-transport. The government should
improve infrastructure to facilitate transport of products. At
local and household levels, the market distribution system needs to be adequate
to ensure that food is available in all market places. At the household level,
sufficient levels of food must be grown, or purchased in the market place, or
some combination of two. Thus, poverty plays a major role in food insecurity.
Generally, if there is too little food, it is the result of inadequate food
demand driven by poverty rather than of market failure. Conversion of
agricultural lands to subdivisions and industrial areas should also be reduced.
Access to weather based index insurance should be provided because this can
protect farmers from adverse financial effects of crop failure. Access to
credit in financial institutions is also needed.

Gofray
and Garnett (2014) stated that there is a  business-as-usual alternative to Sustainable Intensification:
unsustainable intensification. Economic pressures will increase as the demand
for food rises. This will result to land conversion, and other practices that
damage the environment and other food system goals. ” In the face of a
multitude of externalities (costs not captured in the price), market
distortions and time lags, it is inconceivable that the market alone will
furnish solutions unaided. The consequences of unsustainable intensification
will damage the planet and undermine its capacity to support future food
production “.

 

Those
concerned with sustainability, the consumers and retailers, can look for values-based” foods
which are grown using are environmentally
friendly, and promoting farm-worker well-being methods that  strengthen the local economy ” (Gofray and Garnett  2014).  

Institutional Dimension

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