One indicators of sustainabilityis equitability. Based on the conclusion of Horlingsand Marsden (2011) , agro-ecological approaches can be utilized to feed thefuture generations, and thereby contribute to a ‘real green revolution.
‘. Thisincludes a move for organizations that will lead to altered institutionalcontext, and re-thinking of market mechanisms that is interwoven bothconsumers’ and farmers participation. To be equitable in sustainableagriculture means that majority of the people benefit. In Africa , agriculture provides asubstantial share of income for the urban poor and for those groups ofhouseholds to which it constitutes an important source of livelihoods. “We also find fairly consistent evidence ofa positive statistical association between engagement in urban agriculture anddietary adequacy indicators” (Tasciotti and Zezza,2010).Due to less inputs, the income of farmers can increase.However, there is need to improve farm-market-transport.
The government shouldimprove infrastructure to facilitate transport of products. Atlocal and household levels, the market distribution system needs to be adequateto ensure that food is available in all market places. At the household level,sufficient levels of food must be grown, or purchased in the market place, orsome combination of two. Thus, poverty plays a major role in food insecurity.Generally, if there is too little food, it is the result of inadequate fooddemand driven by poverty rather than of market failure.
Conversion ofagricultural lands to subdivisions and industrial areas should also be reduced.Access to weather based index insurance should be provided because this canprotect farmers from adverse financial effects of crop failure. Access tocredit in financial institutions is also needed.
Gofrayand Garnett (2014) stated that there is a business-as-usual alternative to Sustainable Intensification:unsustainable intensification. Economic pressures will increase as the demandfor food rises. This will result to land conversion, and other practices thatdamage the environment and other food system goals. ” In the face of amultitude of externalities (costs not captured in the price), marketdistortions and time lags, it is inconceivable that the market alone willfurnish solutions unaided. The consequences of unsustainable intensificationwill damage the planet and undermine its capacity to support future foodproduction “.
Thoseconcerned with sustainability, the consumers and retailers, can look for values-based” foodswhich are grown using are environmentallyfriendly, and promoting farm-worker well-being methods that strengthen the local economy ” (Gofray and Garnett 2014). Institutional Dimension