Nutrition Case Study Report
From Week1 lecturer, we have learned world hunger and poverty. Especially, a relationship between economic condition and poverty was interesting. Due to bad economic condition, there is a not enough food to eat and provide everyone in developing a country. Especially, it makes serious nutrition status and health problem to children. Also, it leads to a social problem either such as education, employment and gender inequality.
First, economic condition effects on poverty. It means that higher income people can easily access and provide nutritious food to their family. Higher income people purchased healthy for fruits, vegetables, and foods even they can buy unhealthy food such as snacks too (French). It is related to a nutrient problem in developing countries. More specifically, During childhood, adequate nutrition is necessary factors to growth, health and development of children. However, lower income people are more than high income in developing country. Thus, they cannot buy enough food.
Due to not enough food, more than 9.5 million less 5 years children are still dying from preventable diseases in developing countries (Black). If they cannot get enough food, they have a weak immune system so it can be easy get preventable diseases such as Malaria, AIDS and Measles. According to study, the children died from 8% of Malaria, 3% of ADIS, and 4% of Measles in developing countries.
Furthermore, in developing countries, the major health burden is malnutrition and diarrhea. Malnutrition is the deficiency of necessary nutrients such as Vitamin A, Iodine, Iron and protein. These are globally the most important risk factor for illness and death in southern Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. It leads to 3 millions deaths for every year and particularly affected by hundreds of millions of pregnant women and young children (Schroeder). Diarrhea is also major causes of mortality specifically, it accounts for an estimated 12,600 deaths each day in children in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. The causes of diarrhea include a wide array of viruses, bacteria, and parasites (Guerrant).
Second, these health problems also connect social problems such as gender inequality. Gender inequality still exists in developing countries so the births of boys are celebrated but the births of girls are tolerated. Gender inequality considers in health, low schooling for girls, employment and economic growth.
Due to gender inequality, the girl was not taken as much food as boys. The woman’s hunger related to the female life cycle. A female life cycle is that the mother gains enough weight during pregnancy to prevent miscarriage or stillbirth. This is because babies can be born with a low birth weight. Children who are born with a low birth weight become easily underweight and get gender inequality. Besides, they can get an easily preventable disease. It can make reducing population and increasing children mortality.
In addition, a female cannot easily access to education because working is more important than education to growth economic condition in developing countries. Also, they believe that the most uneducated women in poorer countries are the most likely to participate in subsistence activities and informal employment (Verick). In 1990, in developing countries, only 5% of adult women had any secondary education, one half of the level for men (Dollar). For example, 20 % of Pakistan and 80% of Nepal women have participated in labor instead of education (Verick). Recently, education levels for women have improved considerably in many developing. However, the remaining disparities within countries play a critical role in determining labor market outcomes for women.
Thus, there are enough foods in the world. All people have human rights so people should not be discriminated against with food because of income. However, some people still die and poverty in developing countries. I think most people don’t care this poverty and hunger problems because it is not my business and we don’t have any experience. We have several things to help developing countries. We can donate, volunteer and send stuff. But, it would be hard things. When I was high school student, I have donated $30 to Southern Asia every month for a year. This experience made me feeling a sense of accomplishment to help developing children. However, it was a burden to pay every month as a student to me so I stopped donating a year later. The charity which I support $30 was minimum payment so why I donated with $30. I think even though not enough money, to keep or donate regularly is more important to donate a lot of money. Besides, developed countries need to care for developing countries children and help to improve the poverty cycle to be a better world. Personally, children have priority than adults because children who cared well from poverty can solve poverty and hanger problems when they do educate and work.