Nursesas educators play a key role in improving the health of the nation.
Health education involves not only providingrelevant information, but also facilitating health-related behavior change. The nurse, using healtheducation principles, can assist people in achieving their health goals in away that is consistent with their personal lifestyles, values, and beliefs (Heady,2014).Unfortunately, lackof time to teach is cited by nurses as the greatest barrier to being able tocarry out their educator role effectively. Finding time to allocate to teachingis very challenging in light of the competition from other work demands andexpectations(Bastable, 2014).Given the above situation, our group hasidentified three strategies that would allocate sufficient time in performing healthteaching to the clientbefore being discharged.
These strategies are assessingthe patient’s learning needs and style, using effective time management skills,and involving family members in health teaching.Firstof all, according to Majid and Susan, the most essential strategy to facilitatethe health teaching is to identify thelearning needs and style of the client. Nurses and patients often havedifferent views about what types of education are important.Therefore, beforeimplementing the teaching plan, anassessment of what the patient already knows,what he wants and needs to learn, what he is capable of learning, and whatwould be the best way to teach him, should be done.Therefore,before even implementing the teaching plan, anassessment of what the patient’scurrent knowledge and abilities, should be done. This saves a lot of time andwill help facilitate the one-on-one teaching(Gaberson, Oermann, &Shellenbarger,2015).
Time management skillsareanother strategy that Matthew suggested. If the patient will be dischargedand will require teaching before leaving, it is important to make sure that wepencilthat into our schedule for the day, so that it does not get left undone.Justin added that planning a schedule in advance is helpful in visualizing theentire day. It may be helpful to estimate how long daily tasks will takeand then build a schedule around that. Furthermore, prioritizing importantactivities can help us make sure they get done early in the shift.
By selectingwhere and when certain things will need to get done, we will be able to findfree time to provide health education to our client.Lastly, Bini emphasized that the involvement offamily members in patient education improves the chances that the nurses’teaching or instruction will be utilized and better understood. Family membersare the vital links in the transition from hospital to home care. They play acritical role in health care management, especially if they are the primarycaregiver of the client. If a patient forgets some information taught by thenurse, the family can easily remind the patient of such information. Teachingpatients and their families can be one of the most challenging and rewardingparts of providing nursing care. To conclude, the number of strategies to promotehealth teaching is numerous. Nonetheless, we prioritized the three strategiesdiscussed above, because we believe that thesewill benefit the client most.
Healthteaching is very important, because it encourages self-care, self-empowermentand, ultimately, lessdependence on the health care system. This is somethingthat we, as nurses, will continue to perform throughout our career and apply inour personal daily lives.